Issue 8
March / April 2011
ISWA President Jeff Cooper reports on Japan’s Waste Management situation
Cooperation project between ISWA and UN-Habitat
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: ISWA World Congress 2011 (Daegu, Korea)
ISWA Beacon Conference 2011 on Waste Prevention and Recycling (Vienna, Austria)
News from around the Globe
GERMANY: Climate protection Potential of waste management
UNITED KINGDOM: AD benefits for farmers
AUSTRALIA: Trillions of Dollars at Risk from Climate Over Next 20 Years
Coming Events
The ISWA General Secretariat is proudly hosted by the City of Vienna, Austria
If you have any interesting news or events from your country, it would be appreciated if you could please forward details by email to While it may not be possible to include every story, all submissions will be gratefully received.
1. News from the President

Dear Friends, Colleagues and ISWA Members,

It was a pleasure to be able to visit in February one of ISWA’s founder members, the Japan Waste Management Association at their offices in central Tokyo. In addition to meeting with the Executive Director, Mr Goro Sasaki and his staff, I was also able to meet up with the Editorial Board of the Journal of (the) Japan Waste Management Association. The Journal is published six times

a year and has been published for 50 years. Throughout those years, it has had the same cover, which does not seem to my eyes at least at all dated. The 300th issue was in preparation when I went to the office – a landmark worthy of celebration.

I was then representing ISWA at the CSD Inter-sessional Conference on Building Partnerships for Moving towards Zero Waste held in Tokyo between 16-18 February. The Ministry of Environment of the Government of Japan hosted the conference (see my report on Japan’s waste management situation below).

ISWA had already signed up to be a partner in UNEP’s Global Partnership on Waste Management initiative. The new initiative will be run in synergy with that earlier initiative. The Tokyo CSD Inter-sessional Conference was aimed at establishing an international partnership for expanding waste management services of local authorities (IPLA). It succeeded in this goal, as many organisations, including ISWA, were happy to support its objectives.

Subsequent to my visit to Japan and writing this message and the report below, our ISWA colleagues, families and friends in Japan have been affected by the dramatic consequences of the unprecedented earthquake and resulting tsunami. On behalf of the global ISWA family, I wish to extend our sympathy to them and our hope for a swift recovery from this catastrophe.

Best wishes

Jeff Cooper
ISWA President

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2. ISWA President Jeff Cooper reports on Japan’s Waste Management situation

Because households in Tokyo have to put out their waste segregated into three different types in translucent bags: packaging and paper, combustible and non-combustible wastes, at a particular designated place shared by 10-20 households, the discipline of separation at source into appropriate categories is reinforced among the residents of the city. In addition, citizens’ groups collect paper for recycling and local fund raising, and because Japan’s definition of waste is different to that of the EU and many other places, calculating the materials reclamation rate for MSW becomes more difficult.

Japan’s definition of waste is “discarded materials which cannot be sold to other people”. Therefore the statistics for Japan often look different to MSW statistics in other countries, although the non-municipally collected recyclables are often added back in to provide a more comprehensive picture of recycling activities. Therefore, in 2008 for Japan as a whole, with a population of 127 million – more than double that of the UK, France or Italy, for example – there were 2.34m tonnes of recyclables collected by municipalities, 4.51m reclaimed by intermediate treatment and 2.93m collected by citizens’ groups, totalling 9.78m tonnes or 20.3% of Japan’s MSW.

The figure for reclamation via intermediate treatment is impressive. Nearly all of Tokyo’s waste goes through some form of intermediate treatment in order to ensure that wastes are sent in the most appropriate direction: recycling, energy recovery or landfill. Therefore, the amount of waste sent to landfill is decreasing dramatically. In addition, there is a smaller amount of waste being generated in the first place, thereby reinforcing the first of the 3rs principles, prevention.
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3. Cooperation project between ISWA and UN-Habitat

An agreement of cooperation between ISWA and UN-Habitat was signed in early March 2011.

The objective of this cooperation project is to contribute to improved public health and environmental conditions in Iraqi cities by assisting the Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works and the Governorates of Suleiymaniya, Anbar and Thi-Qar with the development and implementation of new waste management laws, policies and programmes.

This project focuses on providing technical assistance and enhancing the skills and capacity of staff in Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works, Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism in Kurdistan Region and the municipality staff of the three selected governorates.

ISWA will organise a comprehensive training course program for the staff from the government authorities mentioned above. The first one-week training course will be held for a group of 20 persons in April, in total 60 Iraqi trainees will take this training course program in three one week units at the ISWA headquarters in Vienna.

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4. ISWA World Congress 2011 (Daegu, Korea)

This year’s ISWA World Congress will be held 17 - 20 October 2011 in Daegu, Korea.

“ISWA 2011” gives you an excellent opportunity to exchange your views, visions and experiences on sustainable waste management with other scientists, practitioners and policy makers from all over the world.

In this Call for Abstracts you find some detailed information on the Congress and the possibility to submit your abstracts online.

In order to accommodate those who would still like to submit an abstract for ISWA World Congress 2011, the Abstracts Submission Deadline has been extended until 31 March 2011. Full paper submission deadline will be 30 June 2011.

We look forward to receiving your submissions!

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5. ISWA Beacon Conference 2011 on Waste Prevention and Recycling (Vienna, Austria)

Waste prevention and recycling are the key components of the new European waste hierarchy and therefore the core of modern waste management.

In the past, waste management has been focusing on realising proper collection and treatment facilities like controlled landfilling and incineration. In many cases, this is still the primary focus of waste management. In the end, given the growth of the world’s population, the increased consumption, and the declining availability of our natural resources, waste prevention and recycling are essential.

The ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling, which will take place on 23 – 24 May 2011 in Vienna, Austria aims to provide information and expertise on the current developments regarding prevention and recycling. Additionally, bringing experts together from all over the world to exchange knowledge and experience and enable them to establish new contacts in their network.

Please click here for the Final Program and Online Registration.
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6. ISWA now on LinkedIn and facebook

ISWA’s company profile can be viewed on facebook and LinkedIn.

If you want to help make ISWA more popular and wider known, or to receive regular updates from ISWA via your electronic social network, “Like it” on facebook or “become a follower” on LinkedIn.

You will receive up to the date information on ISWA events (announcements, reports and photos), new products and services offered, ISWA awards, grants, projects and there similar.

Please click the icons below to access the relevant websites.

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7. ISWA Gold Member Profile: Zoomlion Ghana Limited

The ISWA President, Jeff Cooper met up with Joseph Siaw Agyepong, CEO of Zoomlion, who described the impressive development of the company and its current wide range of activities.

The company was formed in 2006 but by the beginning of 2011, it had eight subsidiaries In addition to offices and

services in all 10 of Ghana Regions, it also has operations in Angola, Benin, Guinea Conakry, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Togo. The company employs 3,000 staff and has 65,000 workers under various forms of public private partnerships. The majority of the latter are on the Youth Employment Programme paid for by the government of Ghana, where for up to two years unemployed young people receive training through work on solid waste, mosquito control, beach cleaning (eco-brigade) and afforestation projects with trees supplied by the government.

The waste collection business operates in all 10 of Ghana’s regions, but the greatest amount of waste is generated in Accra: 2000 tonnes per day, of which Zoomlion accounts for 70%. Ten small waste companies share the remaining 30%.

Currently, all the waste is being disposed to landfills but the company is planning to divert waste into compost and is building a new enclosed composting facility on the outskirts of Accra. The plant will be opened in late 2011.

The company recognises that despite its rapid growth and success, some further outside expertise may be necessary. It is therefore asking for recently retired waste managers with skills in transporting and route planning, training or finance to volunteer to assist the firm’s ambitious development.

For more information, and to hear the worth-listening-to zoomlion song, please visit

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8. ISWA PROFILE: Eng Hock, Guah

Eng Hock, Guah
Member of the ISWA Board of Directors

CEO, Resourceco Asia Pte Ltd
Director, Green Dot Consulting Pte Ltd

What is your background:
I am a Civil and Structural Engineer by training, and have a Masters of Engineering Degree in Civil Engineering from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Best advice that you ever received?
Going Green should make practical and economic sense. Don’t do it to look good.

What would you say is your greatest achievement to date?
Becoming the youngest and first Asian Board member of ISWA.

Why did you decide to become part of ISWA?
I got really involved with ISWA when I organised the ISWA World Congress 2008 in Singapore. It was then that I started having greater engagement and understanding of the organisation.

The people I met in ISWA are knowledgeable and sincere. I would say the decision to be a part of ISWA started from there.

What do you think is the biggest challenge facing the waste industry today?

  • Establishing a common standard for best practices in waste management across widely divergent global economies
  • Varying standard leads to waste being moved across boundaries where it gets disposed in the cheapest (but not necessarily the best) manner possible. Tracking is difficult and uncoordinated. These shoddy practices in-turn led to the misunderstanding of the industry and put us in bad light. True innovations that turn waste into valuable resources are thus inhibited.

In your opinion, what are the industry’s strengths and weaknesses?

  • There is a discrepancy of standard in terms of implementation of technology and policy practices across different continents. The West is ahead in terms of technology adoption and experimenting with various waste management policies. There is ample experience (both success and failure stories) to be shared, which is certainly a plus point.
  • In reality, however, there is no perfect solution that can be totally transplanted from one country (region) to another. Certain level of integration and modification needs to be done through holistic and objective considerations. Sadly, solutions are now usually driven purely from certain unilateral dimension (such as commercial or economic motivation) due to lack of understanding of the effects and benefits of various solution models.
What do you think the future holds for the waste industry?
  • The industry will continue to evolve, especially in the waste to resource & recycling sector. With the inevitable depletion of virgin raw materials, efficient design and turning waste into valuable resources will be the prime driver for efficient resource utilisation.
  • I sense the spawning of ‘new economic theories’ that can better explain and evaluate the economics of waste and resource allocation and utilisation.
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9. GERMANY: Climate protection Potential of waste management

The German Federal Environment Agency (UBA), the German Environment Ministry and the Federation of German Waste, Water and Raw Materials Industry Association (BDE) have published a report on waste management and climate change. Launched in Brussels on 31 January 2011, the report assesses the situation in Germany, and gives forecasts for 2020.

The report calls for concerted action in the form of:

  • landfill bans - the sooner the better
  • action for higher recycling rates
  • the application of best available treatment technologies across the board

Since untreated municipal waste is no longer landfilled in Germany, emissions of gases harmful to the climate from waste management have been reduced by a total of approx. 56 million tonnes. The former burden from waste management amounted to about 38 million tonnes CO2 equivalents in 1990, whereas in 2006 the figure had dropped to minus 18 million tonnes. This corresponds to the annual CO2 emissions of 7.7 million passenger vehicles, almost 20 per cent of all vehicles registered in Germany.

These are the results of the study Klimaschutzpotenziale der Abfallwirtschaft (Climate Protection Potential of Waste Management), which was jointly commissioned and presented in Berlin by the Federation of the German Waste, Water and Raw Materials Management Industry (BDE), the Federal Environment Agency and the Federal Environment Ministry. The study takes stock of waste management achievements since 1990 and points to further reduction opportunities in Germany and the EU 27 up to 2020.

Copies of the following reports are available:

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10. GERMANY: Urban mining: recycling C&D waste instead of down-cycling!

Even today, some 60 per cent of generated construction and demolition waste is utilised, but predominantly in the form of low-grade material in road construction and backfilling operations. A study commissioned by UBA has now determined the potential for high quality recycling of construction and demolition waste. The results show that by 2020 construction waste could provide one-quarter of the mineral materials needed for building construction.

The utilisation of waste materials represents an important contribution to the protection of natural resources. This especially holds true in regard to high-grade recycling, which envisions to use wastes as secondary material and to achieve the closest possible product cycles and which, consequently, has become a major goal for waste management in the European Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC, Article 11) as well as in the current working draft of the German Recycling Act (KrWG, § 8), which is based on the said directive. The construction industry is of particular significance due to the mass flows it creates and the potentials it incorporates to get materials return into the resource cycle.

Please click here to download the report Determining resource conservation potentials in the recovery of construction waste and formulating recommendations on their use

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11. WALES: New report compares the economic and environmental costs of recycling

Local authorities in Wales have the opportunity to compare the financial and environmental costs of different methods of kerbside recycling collections, thanks to a new Eunomia report. Kerbside Collections Options: Wales studies collections in six Welsh local authorities to identify which methods generate the best outcomes.

The Welsh Assembly Government in line with its evidence-based waste policy funded the WRAP-commissioned report. The findings will be shared with local authorities, and used to inform the Municipal Sector Plan for waste.

Click here for copies of the report Kerbside Collections Options: Wales

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12. EUROPE to tighten rules on e-waste
The EU wants tighter rules on waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) while keeping red tape to a minimum for companies.

MEPs proposed new targets on 3 February 2011 for collecting, recycling and re-using waste. They also recommended tougher measures to prevent the export of e-waste to developing countries, where it can pose a health and environment hazard.

For the full story, please visit

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13. IRELAND: EPA pubIishes householders' guide to hazardous waste prevention

The Irish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a booklet containing tips and advice for householders on the correct use and disposal of everyday hazardous products. The information in this guide was prepared by the Regional Waste Management Office (RWMO) for Limerick, Clare and Kerry, working on waste prevention by participating in the Local Authority Prevention Network and working in partnership with the region's local authorities.

Copies of the guide A Householders Guide to Hazardous Waste Prevention can be downloaded from the EPA's website

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14. EUROPE: 2011 LIFE+ Call for Proposals published by the European Commission

The fifth LIFE+ call for proposals was published on 26 February 2011, with up to EUR267 million available for co-financing of projects under three headings: nature and biodiversity; environment policy and governance; and information and communication. Project proposals should be sent to the relevant national authority no later than 18 July, 2011. National authorities will then send them to the European Commission by 9 September 2011.

For more information on the call, please click here

Information sessions for potential applicants
To coincide with this call, the European Commission is organising Information Sessions in each Member State, to inform potential applicants about the LIFE+ Programme and the requirements for submitting a proposal.

For more information on the workshops, please click here

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15. ENGLAND: Old swimsuits recycled at Ecobuild

Art and environmentalism came together at Ecobuild with old swimming suits recycled.
The artwork, a partnership between Speedo and students from the Chelsea College of Art and Design, reuses the now obsolete Speedo LZR Racer swimsuit.

The suit launched in 2008, was worn by the likes of the Olympian Michael Phelps, but in July 2009 the design was banned by swimming bodies.

Instead of throwing away the old suits, students created the artwork Space of Waste at Ecobuild last week.

For the full story, please visit
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16. UNITED KINGDOM: AD benefits for farmers

Research from the universities of Southampton and Reading has found that anaerobic digestion (AD) take-up on farms would have financial benefits for farmers as well as environmental advantages.
The research, carried out by the UK research councils' Rural Economy and Land Use Programme, says that a typical dairy farm could supply most of the electricity it needs to milk the cows, by converting their manure into energy.

The researchers say that relatively small digesters could be economically viable when fed with mixtures of animal slurries and imported wastes or energy crops.

This has the potential to boost the profits of both arable and dairy farms.

Further benefits include reduction of CO2 emissions and could save farmers money on artificial fertilisers.

For the full story, please visit

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17. AUSTRALIA: Trillions of Dollars at Risk from Climate Over Next 20 Years

Institutional investors could lose trillions of dollars over the coming decades because of continued delay in policy action on climate change and a lack of international coordination, according to international research.

The report, Climate Change Scenarios – Implications for Strategic Asset Allocation, has been released by the consultancy Mercer and a group of global investors representing about $2 trillion in assets under management. It can be found here.

The report analyses the potential financial impacts of climate change on investors’ portfolios identified through a series of four climate change scenarios playing out to 2030.

A framework is outlined that can be used by institutional investors to enhance their understanding of climate-related investment risks and opportunities across asset classes and regions. The framework estimates the rate of investment into low-carbon technologies, the impacts on the physical environment and the implied cost of carbon policy developments across the four climate scenarios.

Source: EnviroInfo

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18. DENMARK: Incinerator or Ski-Park? Both!

New York Times blog notes that if you're itching to visit the new advanced waste management plant that will open in 2016 in Copenhagen, be sure to bring your skis. An urban ski park will cover the plant, which will incinerate the waste from five municipalities to generate heat and electricity for 140,000 homes. While their trash is burning inside, locals will be able to take an elevator to the top of the building, then ski down one of three different slopes, graded by difficulty, that jointly run about 5,000 feet.

The new plant will replace a 40-year old incinerator operated by Amagerforbrænding, a waste and energy company. Construction will begin next year. The idea for the ski slope comes from the Bjarke Ingels Group, the Danish architectural firm that took first prize in a design competition for the new plant.

Alongside the ski slope, the plant's smokestack will blow smoke rings each time it fills with 440 pounds of carbon dioxide from flue gas. In a recent interview with National Public Radio, Bjarke Ingels, the founder of the design firm, said the smoke rings would turn "the symbol of pollution into something playful," while reminding residents of the impact of their consumption.

For the full story, please visit New York Times blog
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19. Overview ISWA meetings 2011
24 March 25 March Working Group on Energy Recovery Oslo Norway
25 March 25 March Working Group on Legal Issues Vienna Austria
1 April 1 April Working Group on Communications Vienna Austria
7 April 8 April Working Group on Collection and Transportation Technology Meeting Stockholm Sweden
14 April 15 April STC Meeting Athens Greece
16 April 17 April Board Meeting Athens Greece
23 May 24 May Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling Vienna Austria
24 May 24 May Working Group on Recycling and Waste Minimization Meeting Vienna Austria
25 May 25 May Working Group on Healthcare Waste Leoben Austria
31 May 2 June Conference on Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal: Leading Edge Moscow Russia
21 June 22 June Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling Buenos Aires Argentina
8 Sept 8 Sept STC Meeting Vienna Austria
9 Sept 9 Sept Board Meeting Vienna Austria
29 Sept 30 Sept Conference on Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal: Leading Edge Technologies Barcelona Spain
6 Oct 7 Oct Working Group on Collection and Transportation Technology Meeting    
15 Oct 15 Oct Board Meeting Daegu Republic of Korea
16 Oct 16 OCt ISWA General Assembly Daegu Republic of Korea
17 Oct 20 Oct ISWA Annual Congress Daegu Republic of Korea
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20. Coming Events Calendar
ISWA Event - ISWA Events
ISWA Member Event - ISWA Member Events
March 2011

ISWA Member Event 23 – 24 March 2011
Americana International Environmental Technology Trade Show and Conference
Montreal, Canada

April 2011

ISWA Member Event 13 and 14 April 2011
WasteMINZ Workshops
Palmerston North, New Zealand

May 2011

ISWA Event 4 – 7 May 2011
ARCPE/ISWA International Conference: Sustainable Solid Waste Management
Hong Kong, Hong Kong

ISWA Member Event 5 – 7 May 2011
International Trade Fair for Water, Sewage, Refuse, recycling & Natural Energy Sources
Shanghai, China

ISWA Event 23 - 24 May 2011
2nd ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling
Vienna, Austria

ISWA Event 31 May - 2 June 2011
Conference on Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal: Leading Edge
Moscow, Russia

June 2011

ISWA Member Event 6 – 8 June 2011
Success by the Tonne
Achievements in the transition from waste to resource management
Sofitel, Melbourne

July 2011
ISWA Member Event 27 – 29 July 2011
Australasian Industrial Ecology Conference
Hunter Valley NSW, Australia
August 2011
ISWA Member Event 31 Aug - 2 Sep 2011
National Landfill & Transfer Stations Conference & Expo
Stamford Grand, Adelaide SA
September 2011

ISWA Member Event 13 – 15 September 2011
Emap and CIWM joint exhibition for the sustainable waste, resource and environment sector

October 2011

ISWA Member Event 4 – 7 October 2011
WasteMINZ Conference & Trade Exhibition 2011
Rotorua, New Zealand

ISWA Event 17 20 October 2011
ISWA 2011 Annual Congress
Daegu, Republic of Korea

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