Issue 16
April 2012
News from the President
ISWA World Solid Waste Congress 2012 – provisional program online!
ISWA Beacon Conferences in Copenhagen and Vienna – REGISTER NOW!
ISWA Study Tour Separate Collection 18-20 June in Austria
NEW ISWA NATIONAL MEMBERS: Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina
ISWA Communication Award 2012 now open for submissions
ISWA Publication Award 2012 now open for nominations
ISWA Workshop: Global Issues Pertaining to Bio-waste
ISWA GS visits ISWA Hungary in Budapest
OBITUARY: Professor Robert (Bob) J Ham
ISWA Project Grant – First Results
Wild Wild Waste on facebook
WMR Editorial — March 2012
New Gold Member: ECO - ROM AMBALAJE
ISWA Profile: Dr. Helmut Stadler (Austria)
News from around the Globe
EUROPE: Electronic waste: EU adopts new WEEE law
EUROPE: Europe must improve water efficiency to boost green economy
GERMANY: Rapid food waste fermentation developed at German University
HOLLAND: Danone to use bio-based PEF water bottles
SCOTALND: Europe's most advanced glass recycling plant opens in Scotland
SPAIN: 500 million Euro waste contracts in Gran Canaria
SWEDEN: 35 MW biomass facility to burn C&D waste in Sweden
UK: Defra launch consultation on the Transposition of the Industrial Emissions Directive in England and Wales
UK: Thinking about energy — a multi-modal approach written by Dr Tim Chatterton
UK: Nestlé boasts 100% recyclable Easter egg packaging
UK: Recycled incinerator bottom ash paves way for M25 expansion
USA: Olympic hoops jerseys to be made from recycled PET
WALES: Welsh Councils to recycle nappies and AHP waste
Coming Events
Overview ISWA Meetings 2012
Coming Events Calendar
The ISWA General Secretariat is proudly hosted by the City of Vienna, Austria
If you have any interesting news or events from your country, it would be appreciated if you could please forward details by email to While it may not be possible to include every story, all submissions will be gratefully received.
1. News from the President

Dear Friends, Colleagues and ISWA Members

Where are WEee in Africa?

The Pan-African Forum on E-Waste Challenges and Opportunities for a Sustainable Solution was held at the United Nations Offices in Nairobi, Kenya from 14 – 16 March 2012. The forum was the culmination of a three-year study of e-waste in Africa sponsored by inter alia the UK, Norwegian and Canadian Governments and the EU.

In Africa, 50% of the population counting 1 billion people now has access to mobile phone services. Predominantly female market traders have their cash secured in one bra cup and their mobile in the other. Access to information regarding shortages of produce and best available prices is essential, which in turn also optimises the prices for consumers.

Professor Odele Osibanjo, the acknowledged expert on WEEE in Africa, chaired the conference. In his role as the head of the Basel Convention Co-ordinating Centre and in his keynote address he noted that only 20% of the African population could afford new electrical and electronic equipment. Therefore, most of the population would benefit from UEEE in improving their lifestyle, in particular in business. Professor Osibanjo’s keynote address also stressed the importance of the smaller, second-hand products from the information communication and technology sector. He did not advocate a ban on the import of re-used items. Rather, had underlined the importance of regulating these imports properly.

Professor Osibanjo also stated that due to the inefficiencies of current treatment and processing facilities, there was a loss of strategic metals such as indium and gallium. In addition, the crude processing of WEEE in Africa has led to toxic hot-spots with heavy metals down to 60cm in soil where informal dismantling takes place.

Africa has a number of problems with WEEE, including: the lack of infrastructure for WEEE treatment and processing, lack of legislation and regulations, the need for extended producer responsibility (EPR) and a lack of public awareness. The necessity for regional solutions and importance of near end of life and EoL products will be essential for appropriate management of Africa’s e-waste.


Best wishes
Jeff Cooper
President, ISWA

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2. ISWA World Solid Waste Congress 2012 – provisional program online!

We remind you that the ISWA World Solid Waste Congress will be held from 17 – 19 September 2012 in Florence, the world’s second most popular traveler’s destination.

Register before 31 May 2012 to benefit from the early bird registration fee!

Please visit for more information or send an email to

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3. ISWA Beacon Conferences in Copenhagen and Vienna – REGISTER NOW!

There are two top-class ISWA Beacon Conferences coming up soon which should not be missed. Previous editions of these conferences were oversubscribed so please make sure you register your interest as soon as possible.

DAKOFA/ISWA Waste and Climate Beacon Conference
19 – 20 April 2012 in Copenhagen, Denmark

As an integrated part of the overall material flow through the economy, waste management has a tremendous potential for contributing to mitigating climate change. The conference is dedicated to this issue with the goal of delivering a clear message from leading scientists and industries in the field of waste management to UN COP 18 in Qatar.

Please CLICK HERE to view the programme and to register for the conference.

ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention & Recycling
31 May – 1 June 2012 in Vienna, Austria

The focus of this 3rd edition of the ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling will be on Waste Prevention Planning, Food Waste, Extended Producer Responsibility, Communication & Behavioural Change, and Planned Obsolescence. A top-class panel of speakers, including senior representatives from OECD, UNEP and leading European Universities, will discuss these issues. A high-class social event and exclusive site visits round up the event programme.

Please CLICK HERE to view preliminary programme
Go to online registration and hotel information

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4. ISWA Study Tour Separate Collection 18 - 20 June in Austria

The separate collection and recycling of waste has many advantages: It contributes significantly to climate protection and provides industry with valuable resources. At the same time, collection schemes have to cover the cost of logistics and manage public acceptance. Balancing these goals is a challenging task. Austria has long been a pioneer in this field.

The ISWA study tour offers insight into the theoretical and practical background of how to operate a collection scheme effectively and efficiently. In addition to outlining the general principles and goals of separate collection, the tour will address the following issues: infrastructure, logistics, planning, analysis and communications. You will see examples of separate collection in urban and rural areas and visit state-of-the-art sorting plants for plastic packaging and metal.

If you want to learn about the latest developments in this field and see best practice solutions, this study tour is the place to be.

View programme and register here.

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5. NEW ISWA NATIONAL MEMBERS: Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

ISWA is happy to welcome two new National Members!

The ISWA General Assembly decided by email-voting, carried out in March 2012, to affiliate Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as new National Members by approving the respective applications and programs submitted by the country organisations listed below.

Solid Waste Association – BASWA, represents Bosnia and Herzegovina. Croatian Waste Management Association (CROWMA) represents Croatia. Both organisations were founded in 2011

ISWA currently has 37 National Members.

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6. ISWA Communication Award 2012 now open for submissions

The ISWA Communication Award has been designed to honour excellent waste communication campaigns that increase public awareness and promote sustainable waste management. Nominations for a Communication Campaign fulfilling these criteria can be submitted until 15 May 2012 by any organisation.

The Award is open to ISWA members and non-ISWA members. Please submit your nomination and/or forward this invitation at your discretion.

Submissions can be uploaded here, with the following information in English:

  1. A short description and objectives of the campaign
  2. Some PDF or/and multimedia examples of the nominated campaign’s communication material (maximum 5 files with maximum 10 MB each).

We are looking forward to receiving your submissions!

For further information, please view the Terms of Reference and the Guidelines for Submission.

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7. ISWA Publication Award 2012 now open for nominations

The ISWA Publication Award has been designed to honour the author(s) of either a publication, article or book, which is deemed to be exceptional in its contribution to the field of Solid Waste Management.

Managing Editors, Editorial Board of Waste Management & Research, Working Group Members or any ISWA Member can submit nominations until 15 May 2012.

For the 2011 ISWA Publication Award please send your completed nomination via email to Gerfried Habenicht or by mail to:
ISWA General Secretariat
Auerspergstrasse 15/41
1080-Vienna, Austria

Please note that if you send your contribution in hard copy, we will need four (4) copies of the publication/ book/ article.

For further information, please view the Terms of Reference, Call for Papers and the Nomination Form.
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8. ISWA Workshop: Global Issues Pertaining to Bio-waste
On the 15 March 2012, the ISWA WG on Biological Treatment in cooperation with ACEA (waste management company in the Turin region, Italy), held a successful Workshop on Global Issues Pertaining to Bio-Waste attracting 84 participants from all corners of the waste management sector.

Some of the key points highlighted were the very promising contributions that Biological Treatment of Waste (BTW) can make to tackle climate change; however, more work is needed to quantify these measures. Despite some reasonable advancement, there remains considerable room for growth of BTW within Europe and the world. In some regions of Italy more Bio-waste is separated than can be treated, which means it is then transported out of the region for treatment.

Another point of discussion on the local level was the lack of synchronisation in legislation pertaining to BTW particularly between health and environmental regulation.

The presentations were delivered in English and Italian with simultaneous translation. Following the formal presentations, there was a round table discussion, which starred ISWA’s vice-president, David Newman. Much of the discussion centred on the pros and cons of MBT as an option for the management of residual waste, as well as the financing of infrastructure.

The presentations of the Workshop are available in the ISWA Knowledge Base

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9. ISWA GS visits ISWA Hungary in Budapest
Hermann Koller, Managing Director, and Alfred Holzschuster, Finance & Member Service Manager of ISWA, visited the Hungarian National Member and representatives of Hungarian ISWA Gold and Silver Members in Budapest.

This business meeting held on 8 February 2012, was on one hand an extensive exchange of information regarding the work and activities between ISWA and its Hungarian Members, and on the other hand a strengthening of the transnational co-operation. In the meeting, the cornerstones for some joint projects were set, including the organisation of waste management conferences in Hungary.

Another highlight of the visit was the tour of Hungary’s only Waste to Energy Plant in Budapest.

ISWA would like to thank the National Member Hungary for the perfect organisation of the business meeting and the warm reception and hospitality.

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10. OBITUARY: Professor Robert (Bob) J Ham

It is with much regret that we have to report the death of Professor Robert (Bob) J Ham on the 24 February 2012.

Bob first became involved in waste and resources management when in 1967 he became a professor in environmental engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. At the University of Wisconsin, Bob helped pioneer several sanitary landfill practices, which are still used today, such as the extracting and burning of landfill gas as a beneficial re-use.

It was his work in landfill that led to him Chairing from the late 1990s, for almost 8 years, what was then ISWA’s Sanitary Landfill Working Group. Bob was very much the driving force behind the working group developing landfill training programs for economically developing countries. Bob led the working group with vigour, gaining international acclaim that resulted in him and the working group being invited to Turkey to advise on remedial measures when the Istanbul landfill slipped into a nearby valley killing many people.

Bob will always be remembered for his professionalism. As Professor Kocasoy said just recently, Bob was really very polite and a true gentleman who contributed much to the waste field.

Bob will live on in our memories.

Derek Greedy
ISWA Landfill Working Group

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11. ISWA Project Grant – First Results

The first project funded under the ISWA Project Grant has been successfully completed.

The project Customising Waste Management Fees has resulted in the development of a comprehensive set of informative guidelines to support local authorities in the establishment of appropriate waste management fees. The guidelines are available in the project section of the ISWA Knowledge Base.

Another project that has produced its first deliverables is a project of the WG-Climate Change focused on promoting the waste sector’s contribution to meeting climate change objectives. Two informative communication documents are now available in the ISWA Knowledge Base.

There are a remaining 12 projects being funded under the ISWA Project Grant. Some of the first results of the projects will be presented at the 2012 ISWA World Congress, 17-19 September, Florence.

For further details on the projects, please CLICK HERE

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12. Wild Wild Waste on facebook

On 21 March 2012,  ISWA launched a picture campaign on facebook. The campaign is called Wild Wild Waste and associates well-known movie titles with waste images.

What does waste have to do with cinema? Check it out and visit ISWA’s facebook profile!

In the next few weeks, 13 different pictures will be published. "Mama always said life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're gonna get." (Tom Hanks, as Forrest Gump in Forrest Gump, 1994).

Let us know if you like the campaign. There’s a button for that!

“May the Force be with you.”  
(Harrison Ford, as Han Solo in Star Wars, 1977)
“Hasta la vista, baby!” (Arnold Schwarzenegger, as Terminator in Terminator 2: Judgment Day, 1991)
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13. WMR Editorial — March 2012

Amar K Mohanty
University of Guelph, Canada

Rodrigo Navia,
University of La Frontera, Chile

Resources and Waste Management in a Bio-Based Economy
This month’s WM&R Editorial, written by Rodrigo Navia and Amar Mohanty, addresses the Bio-based economy.The bio-based economy refers to the sustainable production and conversion of biomass into a range of food, health, fibre and industrial products and energy.

PRO-BIP 2009 reports that ‘every year about 170 billion tonnes of biomass are produced by nature, of which only 3.5% (6 billion tonnes) are used by mankind’. In the past few years, a stream of bio-based products have been making their way to retail shelves in the USA, including compostable cutlery made from corn, plant-based laundry detergents, and bamboo flooring. Natural fibres are known to be lighter, less expensive, have superior specific strength, require comparatively less energy to produce, are biodegradable and have superior sound abatement.

In a bio-based economy, waste management elements may evolve into a by-products management system, involving the entire supply chain to develop and produce high-value-added products.

For the full editorial, please CLICK HERE

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14. New Gold Member: ECO - ROM AMBALAJE

ISWA is happy to welcome and present a new Gold Member!

ECO - ROM AMBALAJE is a private organisation which fulfills the recovery and recycling obligations regarding packaging and packaging waste of the Romanian industry. Established in 2003 by leading national and international producers, Eco-Rom Ambalaje has more than 2300 members representing 70% of total packaging market.

The organisation develops an integrated waste management system for all package types – both from industrial flow as well as from household schemes – at national level. Eco-Rom Ambalaje promotes, coordinates and finances the selective collection of packaging waste in Romania.
Its principal activities are as follows:

  • assist industry to organize a proper management of the packaging waste, including reporting and accurate data, and improve their prevention policy with regard to reducing the use of packaging
  • work together with local authorities and waste management companies to extend and organise an eficient system of services dedicated to household packaging waste
  • organise campaigns to raise consumer awareness about the selective collection, sorting, and recycling of household packaging waste

Eco-Rom Ambalaje has partnerships with over 200 waste management companies with whom it develops a transparent and advanced management system offering sustainable, efficient and environmentally-friendly solutions.

Eco-Rom Ambalaje SA
B-dul 1Mai Nr. 51-55 (fosta Compozitorilor)
Pavilion Administrativ, Etaj 7
Sector 6, Bucuresti, Cod 061629
Tel : +4021.413.08.44

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15. ISWA PROFILE: Dr. Helmut Stadler (Austria)

Name and current position at ISWA:
Dr. Helmut Stadler, Member of the Board, serving as Treasurer

Company and current position:
I am a member of the board of ISWA Austria and Consultant of the Austrian Association of Cities and Towns. For over 35 years, I have worked for the City of Salzburg, Austria.

What is your background:
I studied Law and have a lot of experience in juridical and economical matters and in the management of public facilities. For over 20 years, I acted as Head of several key Departments of the City of Salzburg.

Did you always work in the waste industry?
No, I worked in several different positions as a lawyer, both in economic and public services.
Did you ever have a mentor or someone you found inspirational?
During my career, many colleagues from the Austrian and the ISWA “waste family” have been helpful and inspirational — too many to specify them by name. I, however, do wish to thank in particular the former ISWA President Niels Jorn Hahn for his kind support and friendship.

What would you say is your greatest achievement to date?
I just want to emphasise that I was always committed to public matters and interests. I think I have made some considerable achievements in this area. In addition, in my position as Treasurer of ISWA, together with the GS and the Board, my significant achievement is ISWA now being based on a stable and sound financial foundation. We will have a considerable surplus for the current financial year on top of significantly enhanced services for our members.

Best advice that you ever received?
Always open doors for ladies.
When not working, I enjoy …
Classical music, operas, good books, travelling, good food and wine.
When did you become nominated to your current position in ISWA?
In 2009.
What do you think is the biggest challenge facing the waste industry today?
The biggest challenge will be to reach sound environmental and economical levels of waste management in all countries of the world, not only in developed states. Of course, the role of waste management as a provider of resources and energy will remain a big challenge.

In your opinion, what are the industry’s strengths and weaknesses?
The strength is the good standard that has been achieved in some developed countries, which is based on the technical progress of the last years as well as the economical and basic environmental conditions. The weakness of course is the difference of standards in different parts of the world, but also in Europe, and the lack of sound standards in many countries.

Where do you see, if any, market opportunities for the waste industry?
The opportunities lie in delivering fair services also for lower income countries, fair possibilities for funding activities and delivering knowledge, which should be a priority and opportunity for ISWA.
What do you think the future holds for the waste industry?
The future will definitely bring a lot of technical progress concerning recycling and sorting techniques, as well as environmental techniques. It will bring efficiency, and hopefully awareness for the need of environmentally sound waste management with good services for citizens and subsequent political actions.
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16. EUROPE: Electronic waste: EU adopts new WEEE law

The European Parliament has passed a new law to curb dumping of electronic goods such as mobile phones, computers and TV sets in landfill sites.

From 2016, EU member states will have to collect 45 tonnes of e-waste for every 100 tonnes of electronic goods put on sale during the previous three years.

By 2019, the target must rise to 65 tonnes, or member states can opt to collect 85% of total e-waste generated.

EU officials say only about one-third of e-waste is treated appropriately.

The European Commission — the EU's executive branch — says the existing binding EU collection target is 4kg (8.8 pounds) of e-waste per person. That is about 2m tonnes per year, out of around 10m tonnes generated annually in the EU.

The new law, an update of the 2003 Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive, gives 10 EU states until 2021 to reach the new targets, so that they can improve their waste disposal facilities.

For the full story, please visit The BBC News
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17. EUROPE: Europe must improve water efficiency to boost green economy

Water efficiency efforts must be "redoubled" by Europe in a bid to bolster the green economy, according to a new report.

The European Environment Agency (EEA) warns that inefficient water use "impacts hard" on the resources needed by businesses and can seriously hamper EU productivity and security.

As a result, its Towards Efficient use of water resources in Europe report calls for integrated water management and for better implementation of existing legislation, noting that water shortages have "severe consequences for economies reliant on agriculture and industry".

EEA executive director Jacqueline McGlade warns that "water resources are under pressure in many parts of Europe, and it is getting worse", adding that "with climate change making water supply less predictable, it is extremely important that Europe uses water more efficiently for the benefit of all its users".

For the full story, please visit Edie

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18. GERMANY: Rapid food waste fermentation developed at German University

Rapid Food Waste Fermentation Developed at German University13 February 2012

Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology (IGB) in Stuttgart have now developed a way to create biogas to fuel vehicles from fruit and vegetables in just days.

According to the University, early this year the researchers will begin operating a pilot plant adjacent to Stuttgart's wholesale market that uses various microorganisms to generate methane from the food waste in a two-stage digestion process that lasts just a few days.

Dr.-Ing. Ursula Schliebmann, head of department at the IGB explained that the waste contains a lot of water and has a very low lignocellulose content - making it highly suitable for rapid fermentation. However, she added that the variable composition still presented a challenge.

Some days the waste has a high proportion of citrus fruits, while other days there are more cherries, plums and lettuce.

On days with a higher citrus fruit content, the researchers said they have to adjust the pH value through substrate management, because these fruits are very acidic. To do this the waste is held in several storage tanks, where a number of parameters are automatically calculated - including the pH value.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World

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19. HOLLAND: Danone to use bio-based PEF water bottles

Avantium, a research and development company based in Amsterdam, is partnering with Group Danone to produce bio-sourced water bottles.

Danone Research and Avantium have entered into a joint development agreement to produce bottles made from polyethylene furanoate — a furanic polyester developed by Avantium to be a 100 percent bio-based, recyclable alternative to PET.

PEF boasts superior thermal, barrier and light-weighting properties compared to PET, according to Avantium.

Avantium makes PEF using its YXY technology, a catalytic chemical process that converts carbohydrates into bio-based polymers, including an alternative to terephthalic acid.

Using XYX technology, Danone and Avantium will focus on creating renewable materials using feedstocks that do not compete directly with food production. XYX can use a variety of feedstocks like grains, energy crops, lignocellulosic matter, waste streams, waste paper or agricultural residues, Avantium said in a news release.

For the full story, please visit Waste & Recycling News
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20. SCOTALND: Europe's most advanced glass recycling plant opens in Scotland
Viridor has developed what it claims is one of the most hi-tech glass recycling facilities in the world with a £6m investment at its Midlothian site.

According to the company, the plant will be one of only three of the latest specification technology solutions to be developed across the globe, with similar facilities being developed in France and Australia.

The Bonnyrigg site already hosts a glass recycling facility, with a capacity of 100,000 tonnes per annum, which Viridor obtained through the acquisition of MacGlass in 2003.

The plant recycles container and plate glass from across eighteen Scottish local authority areas and supplies the Scottish container remanufacture, insulation and aggregate sectors.

The latest investment will offer the ability to colour sort mixed glass back to original streams for a high quality recyclate.

Viridor's scottish regional director Colin Paterson said: "This latest investment will not only bring world leading infrastructure to Scotland, but will place us at the forefront of European glass recycling."

Source: Edie

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21. SPAIN: 500 million Euro waste contracts in Gran Canaria

Spanish waste management company, Cespa — a subsidiary of transport infrastructure developer, Ferrovial Services' — has won a 500 million Euro contract to manage the waste treatment plants in Salto del Negro and Juan Grande, on the island of Gran Canaria.

According to Cespa, the two plants will service a total of more than 800,000 people and will harness landfill biogas for energy and be equipped with wind turbines and roof-top solar photovoltaic panels, among other technologies.

The two contracts have been awarded by the Gran Canaria Island Council to manage the Salto del Negro and Juan Grande waste treatment plants to a joint venture comprising Cespa and local company Ayaguares.

The joint venture will build, operate and maintain the Juan Grande waste treatment plant for 19.5 years under one of the contracts, valued at 262 million euro.

The company said that when construction is completed in 2013, the plant will serve 8 municipalities with over 319,000 residents and will have an annual treatment capacity of close to 300,000 tonnes of waste.

Under the second 17.5-year contract, worth around 240 million Euros, Cespa will build, operate and maintain the existing and planned works for the Salto del Negro plant, which will serve more than 500,000 residents in 13 municipalities.

The company said that this facility will treat close to 390,000 tonnes of waste each year.

Source: Waste Management World
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22. SWEDEN: 35 MW biomass facility to burn C&D waste in Sweden

The new facility will burn upto 50% waste wood from demolition

Global Power Group — a subsidiary of Swiss waste to energy technology manufacturer, Foster Wheeler AG — has won a contract to design, supply and build a 35 MWe biomass-fired circulating fluidised-bed (CFB) boiler island that will be part fuelled by demolition waste.

According to the company, under the contract — awarded by Lunds Energi, a publically owned energy supplier southern Sweden — it will design and supply the steam generator and auxiliary equipment, as well as carry out the erection and commissioning of the boiler island.

The company said that the steam generator will be designed to burn 100% bio fuel with up to 50% demolition wood.

Lunds Energi is building the new combined heat and power plant to replace existing old equipment operating on fossil fuels.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World
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23. UK: Defra launch consultation on the Transposition of the Industrial Emissions Directive in England and Wales

Defra has launched a consultation to invite views on the transposition of the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU). This Directive "recasts" seven existing Directives: those on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC), large combustion plants, waste incineration, activities using organic solvents and three on titanium dioxide production.

As its name indicates, the Industrial Emissions Directive requires a wide range of industrial activities to be regulated so as to protect the environment from possible harm from their emissions. This consultation will therefore be of particular interest to those organisations who operate those industrial activities and those who are interested in how those activities are regulated.

Much of the material in the new Directive remains substantially unchanged from the current Directives. All those Directives are currently transposed through the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010 and so Defra are proposing to amend those Regulations. They have drafted the amending Regulations, but are seeking comments on several points arising from the amended regualtions.

The Environmental Permitting Regulations currently also apply Directive requirements to some activities, which are not specified in the Industrial Emissions Directive. So Defra are taking this opportunity to seek views on whether that should continue.

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24. UK: Thinking about energy — a multi-modal approach written by Dr Tim Chatterton

An Introduction to Thinking about 'energy behaviour’: a multi-modal approach written by Dr Tim Chatterton of the University of the West of England for DECC, provides an introduction to different ways of thinking about the way people use energy.

The paper presents some of the key models and theories of behaviour change, in relation to energy, drawing on evidence from behavioural economics, social psychology and sociology to examine different ways of changing energy behaviour. The intention of the paper is to provide a simple introduction to a range of theories from distinct academic backgrounds, presenting them in a way that encourages policy-makers to take them all into account, in order to develop and implement more effective policies. While past attempts to influence behaviour have tended to rely on legislative prohibition or financial incentives and disincentive, the paper argues that a broader understanding of behaviour can allow additional strategies.

The full document can be downloaded from HERE
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25. UK: Nestlé boasts 100% recyclable Easter egg packaging

Nestlé has become the first major confectioner to achieve 100% recyclability in its entire Easter egg packaging range across the UK and Ireland.

In the run up to Easter weekend, the company has removed plastic packaging from all of its relevant products, and replaced rigid plastic with cardboard in its mug eggs.

The move is the culmination of a six-year process that has saved 726 tonnes of plastic waste going to landfill per year according to Nestlé, which sells one in five of the UK's Easter eggs.

The last products to become 100% recyclable were Yorkie, Munchie and KitKat branded eggs, which include a branded mug.

The 48 tonnes of plastic used to secure the mug and egg have been replaced with a compostable film for the windows, resulting in a 30% reduction in packaging.

Nestlé Confectionery UK & Ireland's managing director David Rennie said that with Easter eggs creating 3,000 tonnes of UK waste each year, the company was determined to address the issue head-on.

For the full story, please visit Edie

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26. UK: Recycled incinerator bottom ash paves way for M25 expansion

Bottom ash from one of Europe's largest incinerators is being used to help widen the M25 motorway in a pioneering scheme.

The ash comes from Cory's Riverside Resource Recovery energy-from-waste (EfW) facility in Belvedere, London, which is undergoing operational trials before its official opening later this year.

The ash is transformed into an aggregate before being transported to the M25 to help widen the roads between the Dartford Tunnel and Junction 29 near Romford.

When up and running, the Belvedere plant will produce up to 170,000 tonnes of bottom ash each year. Cory has opened a new processing facility for the ash at Tilbury Docks in Essex in conjunction with partners Ballast Phoenix.

The recycled ash aggregate can replace primary and secondary aggregates in many road building applications and a range of other construction projects.

Riverside Resource Recovery's director Andy Pike said: "This is an important demonstration of closing the loop in the EfW process. Many critics of EfW claim that IBA is unusable and is only good for landfilling.

"This is clearly not the case. IBA from Riverside is being recycled in an effective manner, potentially saving the use of virgin materials and reducing carbon emissions."

Source: Edie

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27. USA: Olympic hoops jerseys to be made from recycled PET

When Lebron James, Kobe Bryant and Co. hit the courts to represent the U.S. during the 2012 London Olympics, they´ll be sporting uniforms made from plastic bottles.

Nike recently announced that Team USA´s jersey will be made with 96%recycled polyester, according to Nike´s website. The Nike Hyper Elite Basketball uniform is made by using an average of 22 recycled plastic bottles per uniform, the company said. The basketball shorts feature 100% recycled polyester.

Using recycled PET plastic bottles, Nike said, designs superior performance apparel. Reclaimed, discarded plastic bottles are melted down to produce new yarn and converted into fabric to create the apparel. The process saves raw materials and reduces energy consumption by an estimated 30% compared to manufacturing virgin polyester, Nike said.

Source: Waste and Recycling News
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28. WALES: Welsh Councils to recycle nappies and AHP waste

Absorbent hygiene products (AHP), including disposable nappies, adult incontinence and feminine hygiene products are to be recycled as part of a trial by Monmouthshire County Council and Cardiff City Council.

Both councils said that they have been running separate collections of this waste material from households to support them with the change of fortnightly refuse collections, recognising that this can be a difficult and sensitive waste to manage.

AHP is currently separately collected from a total of 2500 households in Cardiff and Monmouthshire.

The two local authorities said that they will now be sending this material to be recycled at the UK?s first AHP recycling plant, Knowaste's, West Bromwich facility.

The Knowaste recycling process sterilises the materials using autoclave technology and sorts and separates the wastes to recover highly valuable plastic and fibre materials for re-use in new products.

The company claimed that it recovers 95% of the material sent to the facility. The plastics can replace virgin polymers in plastic components and can be used in composite materials replacing steel and concrete. The fibres can be used in fibre based construction materials and commercial tubing.

Knowaste is also in the final stages of negotiating long-term agreements for turning the recycled materials into products within the UK.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World

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29. Overview ISWA meetings 2012
17 April 17 April Scientific and Technical Committee Meeting Copenhagen Denmark
18 April 18 April ISWA Board Meeting Copenhagen Denmark
18 April 18 april

Working Group Meeting on Waste and Climate Change

Copenhagen Denmark
19 April 20 April DAKOFA/ISWA Waste and Climate Beacon Conference Copenhagen Denmark
24 April 26 April Hazardous Waste Seminar & Workshop Singapore Singapore
7 May 7 May Working Group Meeting on Landfill Munich Germany
8 May 8 May Special ISWA Event at IFAT ENTSORGA 2012 - A Global Perspective on Current Developments in Solid Waste Management Munich Germany
8 May 8 May Working Group on Collection and Transportation Technology Munich Germany
8 May 8 May Meet the Chair of the Working Group on Collection and Transportation Technology Munich Germany
8 May 8 May Meet the Chair of the Working Group on Recycling and Waste Minimisation Munich Germany
8 May 8 May Meet the Chair of the Working Group on Landfill Munich Germany
9 May 9 May Working Group Meeting on Recycling and Waste Minimisation Munich Germany
10 May 10 May Working Group Meeting on Hazardous Waste Munich Germany
10 May 10 May Working Group Meeting on Communication Munich Germany
24 May 25 May Working Group Meeting on Healthcare Waste Barcelona Spain
31 May 1 June ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling Vienna Austria
12 June 13 June

European Group Meeting (ISWA Member Event)

Brussels Belgium
18 June 20 June ISWA Study Tour Separate Collection Vienna Austria
3 July 4 July ISWA Beacon Conference Singapore Singapore
5 July 5 July Scientific and Technical Committee Meeting Singapore Singapore
7 July 7 July ISWA Board Meeting Singapore Singapore
23 July 25 July

ISWA Beacon Conference "International AFRICA Sustainable Waste Management Congress"

Lobito Angola
3 Sep 14 Sep 1st ISWA-TU Summer School on Solid Waste Management Vienna Austria
15 Sep 15 Sep ISWA Board & Scientific and Technical Committee Meeting Florence Italy
16 Sep 16 Sep ISWA General Assembly Florence Italy
17 Sep 19 Sep ISWA Annual Congress 2012 Florence Italy
20 Sep 20 Sep ISWA Board Meeting Florence Italy
24 Sep 28 Sep ISWA Study Tour Waste-to-Energy 2012 Vienna Austria
25 Oct 26 Oct Working Group Meeting on Energy Recovery Bern Switzerland
16 May 18 May ISWA Beacon Conference "The 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks - Sinks a Vital Element of Modern Waste Management" Espoo Finland
7 Oct 9 Oct ISWA Annual Congress 2013 Vienna Austria
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30. Coming Events Calendar
ISWA Event - ISWA Events
ISWA Member Event - ISWA Member Events
April 2012
ISWA Event 19 – 20 April 2012
DAKOFA/ISWA Waste and Climate Beacon Conference

Copenhagen, Denmark
May 2012

ISWA Member Event 7 – 11 May 2012
Munich, Germany

ISWA Member Event 15 – 17 May 2012
2nd SWEEP-Net Forum on Integrated Solid Waste Management
Marrakech, Morocco

ISWA Event 31 May – 1 June 2012
ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling

Vienna, Austria

July 2012

ISWA Event 3 – 4 July 2012
ISWA Beacon Conference
Singapore, Singapore

July 2012 cont

ISWA Member Event 24 – 26 July 2012
Enviro 2012
Adelaide, Australia

ISWA Event 25 – 28 June 2012
ISWA Beacon Conference "International AFRICA Sustainable Waste Management Congress"
Lobito, Angola

September 2012
ISWA Event17 – 19 September 2012
World Solid Waste Congress 2012
Florence, Italy

ISWA Event16 – 18 May 2013
ISWA Beacon Conference "The 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks - Sinks a Vital Element of Modern Waste Management"
Espoo, Finland

ISWA Event7 – 9 October 2013
World Solid Waste Congress 2013
Vienna, Austria

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