Issue 17
June 2012
News from the President
ISWA at IFAT ENTSORGA 2012 in Munich, Germany
ISWA delegation will attend Rio+20
Successful ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling in Vienna
Mayor of Thessaloniki on Waste Collection and Recycling Study Tour in Vienna
ISWA Hazardous Waste Workshop in Singapore
ISWA Business Meetings in Istanbul and Bucharest
ISWA/UNEP PROJECT: “BALKAN FLOWERS” plasticpackaging waste recycling in South East Europe
UPDATE: ISWA World Congress 17 – 19 September 2012, Italy
ISWA Study Tour on Waste-to-Energy 24 – 28 September 2012, Austria
WM&R May’s Editorial on food waste
ISWA Profile: Jan-Gerd Kühling (Germany)
News from around the Globe
EUROPE: Getting gold from garbage — how some EU Member States are making waste a resource
EUROPE: Biogas set for strong global growth amid concerns over Euro Zone
EUROPE: Advanced Biofuel research project backed by EU
EUROPE: EU framework set to promote recycling best practice
EUROPE: Bristol, Copenhagen and Frankfurt shortlisted for 2014 European Green Capital award
IRELAND: Diageo partners up for zero waste in Belfast
MEDITERREANEAN: Offshore exploration and exploitation in the Mediterreanean
SCOTLAND: Latest stats show Scotland recycling more and landfilling less
UK: Small emitters can opt out of EU ETS (EU Emissions Trading Scheme) from 2013
UK: WEEE 'short-sightedness' hampering rare metals recovery
UK: EfW could power a third of UK homes, report claims
UK: Well positioned to lead the world on Algal Sustainability
UK: MK's food waste can now be bought as compost
UK: Rest in fleece — demand soars for woollen coffins
WALES: Sustainable development flourishing in Wales' green economy
CANADA: TerraCycle to recycle cigarette butts in Canada
USA: Covanta to offer 300 TPD commercial gasification system
Coming Events
Overview ISWA Meetings 2012
Coming Events Calendar
The ISWA General Secretariat is proudly hosted by the City of Vienna, Austria
If you have any interesting news or events from your country, it would be appreciated if you could please forward details by email to While it may not be possible to include every story, all submissions will be gratefully received.
1. News from the President

Dear Friends, Colleagues and ISWA Members 

A special event took place from 7 – 11 May 2012 at the International Exhibition Centre, Munich: the ISWA Conference and Working Group (WG) sessions run in association with the IFAT/Entsorga Exhibition.

ISWA had a prime location for its stand at the largest waste exhibition in the world, in the heart of the vast International Messe Centre. The stand became a focal point for anyone interested in the wider world of waste management beyond the EU.

During the event, four ISWA WG sessions were held along with a special conference dealing with international waste issues.

The Landfill WG spent part of their session developing the programme for the Beacon Conference 22 – 25 July 2012 to be held in Angola. The Recycling and Waste Minimisation WG worked on its fourth waste prevention Beacon Conference for 2013, progressing the waste prevention key issue paper and developing the waste trafficking paper. The Hazardous Waste WG focused mostly on the new hazardous waste Training Resource Pack (TRP).

In April, there a very successful workshop was held in Singapore to test the initial proposals for the new TRP. The workshop had proved very successful with 60 participants coming from 17 countries as far away as New Zealand.

In July, we join with our colleagues from WMRAS in Singapore for the WasteMET Asia event held from 3 – 4 July 2012. Singapore and the Asia Pacific Region are now an important focus for the world in tackling our waste management issues.


Best wishes
Jeff Cooper
President, ISWA

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2. ISWA at IFAT ENTSORGA 2012 in Munich, Germany

125,000 visitors from 180 countries; 2,939 exhibitors from 54 countries; more than 320 lectures  –  just to mention a few key figures describing this year’s IFAT ENTSORGA 2012, the world’s largest trade fair in the waste management sector. And ISWA was a part of it.

As an official partner of IFAT ENTSORGA’s organisers, ISWA had a prime location for its stand in the heart of the vast International Exhibition Centre (215,000 square meters of exhibition space is yet another impressive IFAT ENTSORGA 2012 figure worth mentioning). The stand became a focal point where ISWA working group chairs and members, board members, gold and silver members, individual, online and non-members mingled and cooked up new projects and ideas for future collaborations.

To top things off, ISWA participated in the scientific side events at IFAT ENTSORGA 2012 with five working group meetings and a special session with speakers from the UK, Greece, Italy, India, Luxembourg, Austria and Denmark.

ISWA’s first official contributions to the IFAT ENTSORGA 2012 can be deemed a success. We hope you will join us (again) at the next IFAT ENTSORGA in 2014.

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3. ISWA delegation will attend Rio+20

ISWA Board Members David Newman, Erik de Baedts, Carlos Filho Silva, Antonis Mavropoulos and Past-President Atilio Savino will represent ISWA at Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development.

ISWA applied for an official side event at Rio+20 and the Association’s application was approved. Approximately 50,000 people from all over the world are expected at this conference. There will be three events with ISWA participation and presentations at this mega-conference:

  • The official ISWA Side Event "Zero Waste Strategies and Actions towards Sustainable Cities" will take place on 19 June 2012, 11:30 - 13:00, in Room T-4 at RioCentro;
  • An ISWA off-site side event (full day) with the Brazilian government takes place on 22 June 2012 at Copacabana Fortress;
  • The official Side Event together with UNEP takes place on 14 June 2012, 16:15 to 18:30, in the Japan Pavilion.

If you at the Rio+20 conference, you are cordially invited to attend these side events.

For more detailed information on the conference, please visit the Rio+20 website.

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4. Successful ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling in Vienna

On 31 May and 1 June 2012, more than 80 leading international experts from the waste and resource management sector gathered in Vienna, Austria, for the ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling.

The focus of this 3rd edition of the ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Prevention and Recycling was on Planning of Waste Prevention, Food Waste,

Extended Producer Responsibility, Communication & Behavioural Change, and Planned Obsolescence. A top-class panel of speakers, including senior representatives from OECD, UNEP and leading European Universities, discussed these issues.

A high-class social event hosted by the City of Vienna and exclusive site visits rounded up the event programme.
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5. Mayor of Thessaloniki on Waste Collection and Recycling Study Tour in Vienna

On request of Mr Yiannis Boutaris, Mayor of Thessaloniki, Greece, the ISWA General Secretariat together with MA 48 (Vienna’s Municipal Department for Waste Treatment) arranged an exclusive waste collection and recycling system study tour in the City of Vienna. The study tour took place on 30 May 2012 starting with a meeting with Ms Ulli Sima, Vienna’s Councilwoman for the Environment (see photo below).

The Greek delegation, consisting of the Mayor, the Vice-Mayor and other seven Officials from the Municipality of Thessaloniki, were then given an insight into Vienna’s waste management infrastructure and organisation. The delegation very much appreciated the well balanced mixture of theoretical information provided by experts from ISWA and the City of Vienna (MA 48), and the technical site — and plant visits of Vienna’s state of the art collection and sorting facilities, recycling-, waste to energy — and biogas plants.

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6. ISWA Hazardous Waste Workshop in Singapore
On 24 April 2012, 56 participants from 17 countries gathered in Singapore to listen to expert presentations on hazardous waste management and to take part in discussions on specific regional issues. Over 30 experts remained for a further two-day workshop to give advice and direction to the review of the Hazardous Waste Training Resource Pack+.

The 3-day event was organised to strengthen ISWA’s network in the region and at the same time bring expertise and input into the ISWA Grant project to update the 2002 publication Training Resource Pack on Hazardous Waste Management in Developing Economies (TRP).

The event was organised by ISWA and WMRAS, and involved project partners UNIDO and UNEP-IETC. The Singapore National Environment Agency (NEA) kindly provided meeting facilities and organisational support. A number of waste management companies from the region contributed to the organisation. Their valuable assistance is gratefully acknowledged.

Technical presentations reviewed the waste situation across the region, and the progress made in establishing a viable waste industry in Singapore, Hong Kong, Australia and New Zealand, as well as the evolution of waste management systems in Malaysia, Indonesia and India.The Workshop discussions identified key elements

in effective waste operations, as well as examining some of the fundamentals of a sound and sustainable waste management system. Partner organisations outlined their activities relevant to the TRP+.

The full presentations and synthesis of workshop discussions can be found at the ISWA Knowledge Base and also at the TRP web portal

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7. ISWA Business Meetings in Istanbul and Bucharest
On 22 May 2012, Hermann Koller, Managing Director of ISWA and Alfred Holzschuster, Finance & Member Service Manager of ISWA, visited the Turkish National Member, the Turkish National Committee on Solid Wastes. Hermann Koller gave two presentations on ISWA – The Global Waste Management Network and Financing of Waste Management to an audience of over 30 waste management experts.

Very interesting discussions on various waste management topics followed the presentations. The business meeting was very important for all parties involved, and we are sure that it helped to intensify further co-operation between ISWA and our (new) Members from Turkey.

ARS – The Romanian Association of Solid Waste Management – has been the Romanian ISWA National Member for 10 years. This was, however, the first time that an official ISWA delegation visited Romania.

An intense workshop on 24 May 2012 in Bucharest with 20 representatives from the Romanian Ministry of Environment and several Organisation Members showed that ISWA, with its global network and know-how, will certainly become an important supportive partner in further improving waste management in Romania.

The aim of these well organised business meetings was, on one hand, an extensive exchange of information regarding the work and activities of ISWA, the ISWA National Members and ISWA Members; and on the other hand, to set the cornerstone for joint projects in the future, e.g. organisation of waste management conferences in Turkey and Romania respectively.

ISWA would like to thank the representatives of the Turkish and Romanian National Members for the great opportunity to present our Association to interested companies and persons working in the field of waste management and for the hospitality.
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8. ISWA/UNEP PROJECT: “BALKAN FLOWERS” plastic packaging waste recycling in South East Europe

ISWA has recently completed a UNEP funded study on the theme of plastic packaging waste, titled the “Balkan Flowers”. The title is in reference to the plastic waste, depicted as flowers, which can be found littered across the Balkan region. The project stemmed from a UNEP initiative to address packaging waste through the promotion of reuse and recycling – with the aim to lead to the creation of jobs, economic return, rural tourism and the reduction of negative environmental impacts in South East Europe.

The project involved two stakeholder workshops and a sub-regional report. The stakeholder workshops were held in Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina respectively. The key findings of the study show that all though much work is still needed for significant recycling of plastic packaging waste to take place in South East Europe, some key first steps are underway, especially in Croatia where an extended producer responsibility scheme has been recently established.

The final report of the study is available in the ISWA Knowledge Base.

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9. UPDATE: ISWA World Congress 17 – 19 September 2012, Italy

The Early Bird registration fee has closed on 31 May 2012, and we are delighted to inform you that so far more than 460 participants have registered for the Congress. We expect this number to more than double by September.

The ISWA 2012 World Solid Waste Congress offers the following:

  • Already registered large delegations from rapidly developing countries such as China, Malaysia, Brazil, other Latin American countries and the Maghreb countries. It is the event to meet professionals, companies and legislators interested in acquiring the knowledge, services and technologies needed to develop their waste management infrastructure. It is also a great opportunity to learn from other attendees what developments are taking place in their countries.
  • Over 240 confirmed speakers from all over the world, offering the opportunity to catch up on the latest news, technologies, research and practices from around the globe.
  • An opportunity to meet a variety of waste management professionals, scientists, compagnie and government representatives over three days.
  • An opportunity to visit Florence, home to 20 percent of the world's artistic heritage, and situated within the beautiful region of Tuscany, with its historic towns, glorious countryside and famous food and wines.

Registration is open online at Please do not hesitate to contact us with any special needs.

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10. ISWA Study Tour on Waste-to-Energy 24 – 28 September 2012, Austria

ISWA invites you to join our Study Tour on Waste-to-Energy from 24 – 28 September 2012 in Austria.

This Practical Seminar on Sustainable Waste Management focuses on Recovery, Treatment, and Intermediate Storage that result in a diversion of all organic waste exceeding 5% TOC from landfill.

Don’t miss out on this exclusive, high-class four day seminar and technical tour to seven state-of-the-art Waste-to-Energyfacilities situated in and between the beautiful cities of Vienna and Linz.

The number of participants will be limited to a maximum of 25 persons. The first five registrations from participants from 5 different low- and lower-middle-income economies (according to the current World Bank list) receive a 50% discount on the standard registration fee. For more details, please click the link to the detailed programme below.

Early bird registration until 30 June 2012!
Detailed programme and registration

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11. WM&R May’s Editorial on food waste

Emmanuel Gentil, Copenhagen Resource Institute

May’s Editorial of WM&R, written by Emmanuel Gentil and Tjalfe Poulsen, addresses the issue of Food Waste. Europeans throw away around 1/3 of food that is purchased, 60% of which is edible and a further 20% that could be avoided. However, food is not only wasted by consumers — considering the food production life cycle from ‘field to fork’, encompassing agriculture, industry, distribution, retailers, restaurants, catering services, and private households —food wastage could account for up to 50% of production.

The wastage of food poses significant consequences to the environment particularly relating to CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions. It may be assumed that if food wastage is reduced, the associated impacts on the CO2 balance from both food production and food waste treatment are minimized.

This month’s editorial is intended to promote discussion on the issues relating to Food Waste, and researchers are invited to submit to Waste Management & Research manuscripts that elaborate on this theme.

A special Waste Management & Research issue on carbon flows in waste management is being considered for publication in 2013, and an international research seminar on the subject will be announced soon.

ISWA members can access this month’s editorial here

ISWA is happy to announce that from this point forward the WM&R monthly editorials are freely open for you to access/

Also, available currently for free is the following article:
“Can hazardous waste become a raw material? The case study of an aluminium residue: a review”. Please click here to download it.

Tjalfe G Poulsen,
Aalborg University
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ISWA is happy to welcome and present a new Gold Member!

PROTEC is based in Doha, Qatar and is one of the biggest companies in the local market with core businesses in water & energy fields in the MENA region & Asia.

The company is one of the biggest providers and integrators of the different process technologies. Their expertise includes all areas of Water & Wastewater Treatment and Solid Waste Treatment.

PROTEC represents well-known brands of auxiliary and utility equipments, and thus provides design, supply, installation, commissioning & startup (EPIC/Turn Key) services for all kind of industrial plants.

PROTEC has official branches in Cairo, Beirut, Muscat and Baghdad, and currently runs projects in Egypt, Pakistan, Yemen, Tunisia, Iraq, Lebanon.

PROTEC is a TUV Certified ISO 9001:2008 compliant company and is affiliated with international organisations like American Water Work Association (AWWA), International Desalination Association (IDA), American Filtration and Separation Society (AFS), National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA), American Filtration Institute (API), Chlorine Institute (CI), Lifting Equipment and Engineering Association Certification (LEEA), International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AICHE).

For further information, please contact:
P.O. Box 22842
Doha, Qatar
Telephone: +974 44430955 / +974 44356315 / +974 44327992 / +974 44323977
Fax: +974 44984119

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13. ISWA PROFILE: Jan-Gerd Kühling (Germany)

Jan-Gerd Kühling
Chair of the ISWA WG on Healthcare Waste

Company and current position in your company:
ETLog Health GmbH, Founder and CEO

What is your background:
I’m a farmer’s son and had grown up in the country surrounded by pigs and cows. My professional background is healthcare engineering, and I completed a Master in Environmental Protection and Hygiene Engineering.

Did you always work in the waste industry?
No, I started working as an apprentice for a wholesale trader for agricultural equipment. Via continuation education, I received my high-school diploma, completed my civil service in Israel and then started studying in Germany and Holland. As Engineer, I first worked in the wastewater sector for a company called Preussag, before I finally started working in the healthcare waste business — about one and a half decade ago.
Did you ever have a mentor or someone you found inspirational?
Dr William Townend William. He is the founder and former long-term Chair of the working group, and clearly my mentor at ISWA. Thanks Bill!

What would you say is your greatest achievement to date?
To continue being self-critical. Even after several dozens of challenging healthcare waste consultancy projects in nearly 40 countries, still being able to look in a mirror and say: “Yes, I’m proud of my work and the work of my team — but yes … we still can learn.”

Best advice that you ever received?
To understand there is no best advice — it all depends on the specific situation.
When not working, I enjoy …
When did you become nominated to your current position in ISWA?
working … but at my summer cottage with my hands in the ground. My girlfriend and I own a nice, large garden and grow organic food for our own usage, for our family, friends, and neighbours. And of course for the snails, voles, birds, locusts, and all the other hungry animals living in the garden with no, two, four, six, eight or thousand legs.
Why did you decide to become part of ISWA?
In my career, I learned at a very early stage that coming from a country with a sophisticated waste management system like Germany does not qualify you to provide advice to other countries. Being part of an international organisation like ISWA helps you to better understand the real international drivers behind waste systems and helps you to better identify practical and sustainable solutions for waste management.
When did you become nominated to your current position in ISWA?
Just two years ago.
What do you think is the biggest challenge facing the waste industry today?
Not to forget to concentrate on the core business — and this is and will remain the real waste management: avoidance, reduction, recycling, treatment, disposal. Even if other, and maybe for a short moment more “hip” topics look more promising.

In your opinion, what are the industry’s strengths and weaknesses?
For both: sophisticated technology. A blessing for industrialised countries, a curse for developing countries.

Where do you see, if any, market opportunities for the waste industry?
Big is not always beautiful — do not forget niches. And do not forget upcoming markets like Central Asia and others.
What do you think the future holds for the waste industry?
A lot of work and many unexplored opportunities.
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14. EUROPE: Getting gold from garbage — how some EU Member States are making waste a resource

Top performing Member States have recycling rates of up to 70 % and bury virtually nothing, whilst others still landfill more than three-quarters of their waste. How have the best performers turned waste from a problem into a resource? A new report from the European Commission explains that it is by combining economic instruments. A mix of landfilling and incineration taxes and bans, producer responsibility schemes and pay-as-you-throw prove to be the most effective tools in shifting waste streams to more sustainable paths. If the EU is to meet the objectives set out in the Resource Efficiency Roadmap – zero landfilling, maximising recycling and reuse, and limiting energy recovery to non recyclable waste – these economic instruments will need to be introduced more widely across all Member States.

Environment Commissioner Janez Potoãnik said: "Waste is too valuable to just throw away, and if you manage it right you can put that value back into the economy. Six Member States now combine virtually zero landfilling and high recycling rates. Not only do they exploit the value of the waste, they have created thriving industries and many jobs in the process. This report shows how they achieved it: by making prevention, reuse and recycling more economically attractive through a selection of economic instruments. We now have a common responsibility with the Member States and local authorities to ensure that these instruments are effectively used and spread across the EU. This is one of the central goals of the Resource Efficiency Roadmap."

The report and detailed results for each Member State can be found here
A study on macroeconomic modelling of sustainable development and the links between the economy and the environment can be found here
For more information, please visit the European Commission website
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15. EUROPE: Biogas set for strong global growth amid concerns over Euro Zone

A new report by GIA has predicted strong growth by the biogas industry in the coming years especially in the developing economies such as India - but cautioned over the European debt crises.

According to the report, around the world there are growing concerns over the appropriate disposal of the massive quantities of waste organic materials produced each year, as well as the high levels of greenhouse emissions created by incorrect disposal of such wastes.

The report — Biogas Plants: A Global Strategic Business Report — found that under this scenario the biogas industry is poised for robust growth, given its inherent attractiveness as a low cost, pollution free source of energy.

Given the numerous advantages of biogas, GIA said that venture capital investments are the on the rise for biogas plants, especially in the agriculture and food industry.

Additionally, the report found that interest in biofuels on the whole is escalating, with start-ups in this sector cornering some of the largest venture backed funding.

The rising cost of energy is said to be encouraging companies to invest in building biogas plants for decentralised generation of renewable energy from organic wastes and residues. These onsite energy recovery plants also help companies eliminate waste disposal costs.

The researchers claimed that lucrative opportunities therefore exist for small sized biogas plants in the agriculture and food industry. The trend towards self generation of energy is forecast to become more pronounced as restructuring of energy supply begins to kick in with continuously rising energy costs.

Under such a scenario, the report found that biogas plants are poised to emerge as the greatest beneficiary.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World

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16. EUROPE: Advanced Biofuel research project backed by EU

The Biofuels Research Infrastructure for Sharing Knowledge (BRISK) project — a new European research project — has been funded to the tune of 10.84 million Euros by the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP7).

According to BRISK, its main activity will be to fund researchers from any EU country to carry out research related to biofuels at one of the 26 partners' facilities.

The project is coordinated by KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden, and includes partners from Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK.

The initiative said that it aims to develop a European research infrastructure for the production of biofuels by thermochemical processes, including gasification, combustion, pyrolysis and hydrothermal processing, to deliver marketable fuel products.

According to BRISK, enhancing biomass utilisation without risking its sustainability is a European energy priority, and is linked to targets for curbing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020 and 50% by 2050.

More efficient and cost effective production of biofuels and related products from advanced biomass conversion processes and biorefineries is seen as a key element in achieving this goal.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World

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17. EUROPE: EU framework set to promote recycling best practice

The partnership project 'Regions 4 Recycling' (R4R) will run over three years and will formulate a methodology for waste data observation, selective collection and recycling rates that will enable participating regions to share best practice to improve their recycling performance.

The development follows a European Commission report released earlier this month which highlighted vast differences in recycling rates between EU member states, ranging from less than 10% to more than 70%.

Ile-de-France Region Waste Management Observatory (ORDIF) is leading the initiative, which has a budget of €2.2m, with ACR+ managing overall project communication and the Public Waste Agency of Flanders, OVAM, overseeing the technical component.

Commenting on the new initiative, ACR+ Secretary General Olivier De Clercq said: "This project is about creating solidarity between regions with very different context and performances.

"It is encouraging to see that the current best European performers only started to implement their waste management strategy 15 years ago and today it is possible to move even faster, based on the accumulated experience and the new instruments available."

Countries involved include France, Belgium, Denmark, Portugal, Greece, Austria, Romania, Estonia and Ireland, where Limerick County Council is represented. So far, there is no UK involvement.

Source: Edie

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18. EUROPE: Bristol, Copenhagen and Frankfurt shortlisted for 2014 European Green Capital award

Bristol, Copenhagen and Frankfurt have been chosen as the three finalists in the competition to find Europe's Green Capital for 2014. They have been selected from 18 cities that applied for the 2014 award.

Bristol, Copenhagen and Frankfurt will present their vision, action plans, communication strategy and their potential to act as a role model for other cities to the Jury on 8 June 2012 in Brussels. The Jury will deliver its verdict at an award ceremony in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain on 29 June.

The European Green Capital Award is presented to a city in the vanguard of environmentally friendly urban living. A panel of experts evaluates the cities based on 12 environmental indicators, judging them on their record of achieving high environmental standards, their commitment to ongoing and ambitious goals for further environmental improvement and sustainable development, and the extent to which they can act as a role model and promote best practice in other European cities.

Four cities have been awarded the title of European Green Capital since its inception in 2010: Stockholm won the inaugural title, followed by Hamburg in 2011, the current holder Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, and Nantes, who will hold the title in 2013.


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19. IRELAND: Diageo partners up for zero waste in Belfast

Diageo is on track to reach zero waste to landfill by 2015 at its Belfast production plants in Northern Ireland by engaging in an industrial symbiosis programme.

The drinks manufacturer is among a core group of companies working with Invest Northern Ireland, a regional business development agency, to implement a zero waste to landfill policy.

Under the programme, Diageo is working with other organisations and key stakeholders to exchange materials, energy, water and by-products through the shared use of assets, logistics and expertise.

Diageo's smallpack compliance manager Joanne Doak said industrial symbosis had helped the company divert over 450 tonnes of waste, including hazardous waste, from landfill so far across its Belfast operations.

For the full story, please visit Edie

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20. MEDITERREANEAN: Offshore exploration and exploitation in the Mediterreanean

Science for Environment Policy published a new Future Brief focusing on the environmental impacts of offshore exploration and exploitation in the Mediterreanean.

Offshore exploration and exploitation activities include oil and gas development, as well as renewable energy generation and seabed mining for minerals, sand and gravel. This Future Brief presents currently available evidence on the impacts of these activities on the marine and coastal environment of the Mediterreanean.

Such activities are increasing in the Mediterranean marine environment, which is particularly vulnerable due to its semi-closed configuration and significant seismic activity.

Future Briefs are a series of horizon-scanning policy briefs, which provide an accessible overview of emerging areas of science and technology.

CLICK HERE to download the brief.
Previous issues can be downloaded here.

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21. SCOTLAND: Latest stats show Scotland recycling more and landfilling less

In Scotland, both attitudes and practices are changing with regard to waste disposal and recycling, according to the latest data release by the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).

The Waste Data Digest 12: Key facts and trends, which looks at trends in waste data over the five year period between 2006 and 2010 was recently published by SEPA, and shows that Scottish homes and businesses are producing less waste, recycling more and landfilling less.

According to the figures, the amount of waste recycled by Scottish local authorities increased by 133,000 tonnes (21%) over the five-year period.

In addition, the amount of waste composted by Scottish local authorities increased by 95,000 tonnes (27%) over the five year period.

Furthermore, the amount of controlled waste landfilled fell by 2.67 million tonnes (37%) between 2006 and 2010.

Between 2006 and 2010, the amount of biodegradable waste that SEPA said was landfilled fell by 721,000 tonnes (30%).

However, the amount of controlled waste reported to have been treated in 2010 was 2.65 million tonnes (50%) greater than in 2006.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World.

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22. UK: Small emitters can opt out of EU ETS (EU Emissions Trading Scheme) from 2013

The UK is offering small emitters and hospital installations the opportunity to 'opt out' from the EU ETS from 2013 as part of Government efforts to cut down on red tape. The Opt Out scheme could save industry up to £80 million from 2013-2020, depending on take up from the around 250 eligible installations, accounting for 1% of UK EU ETS emissions.

The EU ETS remains the primary scheme through which the UK will meet its ambitious carbon emission reduction targets in the EU. The opt out will help ensure that the policy is implemented in a proportionate manner.

[...] Government is now inviting applications for the 'Opt Out scheme' which has been published on the DECC website.

The application period runs until 18 July 2012.

The 'Opt-out' will take effect from January 2013, the start of Phase III of the EU ETS. To be eligible to opt out installations must be incumbent to the EU ETS and meet the criteria for a small emitter: verified annual emissions below 25,000tCO2e from 2008 onward and, where it undertakes combustion, thermal capacity below 35MW during 2008-2010. Incumbent hospital installations may also opt out. The opt out is only available to stationary installations, therefore aircraft operators are not eligible to opt out.

For the full story, please visit WiredGov

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23. UK: WEEE 'short-sightedness' hampering rare metals recovery

WRAP has called for an urgent upgrade of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) infrastructure to enable the recovery of valuable raw materials that are being lost in the recycling process.

Speaking at Sustainabilitylive! on 23 May 22012, WRAP chief executive Dr Liz Goodwin told delegates that the organisation would publish more information about scaling up current infrastructure over the coming months and would also identify material flows and the results of technology demonstration trials.

Most WEEE recycling is carried out by shredding electronic and electrical goods. While this method enables recyclers to capture valuable bulk metals and plastics, Goodwin pointed out that a number of important raw materials were not being recovered.

These include small amounts of rare earths and other valuable elements such as gold, silver, platinum and palladium, which either end up in landfill or incineration, or are exported.

Shredding is a cheap option and there is also a strong overseas demand for these materials, but Goodwin argued that, long-term, the UK is losing out on a hugely valuable commodity as the exported materials can be worth thousands of pounds per tonne.

For the full story, please visit Edie

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24. UK: EfW could power a third of UK homes, report claims

Energy-from-waste (EfW) has the potential to meet a third of Britain's domestic gas demand according to new research

However in order to exploit this opportunity, a further 80 EfW facilities need to be built by 2020, on top of the 30 already operating in the UK.

The report from SITA out on 23 April 2012 claims that the waste management sector could be a real driving force for the generation of renewable energy if given the opportunity.

It claims that EfW could feasibly meet 15% of the UK's electricity from renewable sources commitment and a third of the country's residential gas demand (up to 12% of total UK demand).

This would effectively triple waste-derived renewable electricity from thermal combustion alone to 3.6 terawatt hours, powering one million homes.

The research also claimed that the £25bn of investment needed to secure new infrastructure could result in 84,000 new jobs being created in the waste sector over the next decade.

According to SITA UK's CEO David Palmer-Jones, the UK has a "unique opportunity" to revitalise its economy by changing the way it manages waste.

"The sector's performance and on-going innovation makes a strong case for businesses to unlock vital funding and play a central role in bridging the green gap so the UK can meet its carbon budget targets to 2020, but also realise the potential of a circular economy," he said.

Investing in new waste treatment facilities will not only create employment and economic growth but consolidate a more secure energy supply, he added.

Source: Edie

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25. UK: Well positioned to lead the world on Algal Sustainability
There has been a massive increase in interest in algae as a potential feedstock for commodity markets such as biofuels, bioenergy and bulk bio-based chemicals, however we know relatively little about what the environmental implications of the large-scale cultivation needed to satisfy these markets will be' said the lead author of the report, Dr. Claire Smith from NNFCC.

Ensuring that bio-based products are produced in an environmentally sustainable manner is of growing importance. The EU Renewable Energy Directive requires biofuels and bioenergy to meet stringent sustainability requirements. Likewise, companies using both bulk chemicals and higher value products increasingly recognise the importance of demonstrating environmental sustainability on consumer purchasing choices.

The Algal Bioenergy Special Interest Group, a two-year initiative funded by the Natural Environment Research Council and the Technology Strategy Board, commissioned NNFCC to identify the potential positive and negative environmental impacts of large-scale algal production and identify the key research needs which need to be addressed to develop an environmentally sustainable large scale algae-based industry.

[...] Although the production of non-food products from algae is currently at a small scale, it has considerable scope for development in the future. The report, which was produced following extensive consultation with stakeholders from academia, industry, government and research funders, identifies the most interesting and potentially sustainable markets for algae in the UK and the timescales by which these opportunities could be developed.

The UK has a strong industrial sector that could expand its current use and development of high-value algal products, such as for the food and feed industry, personal care and nutrition, and using algae as a low-cost wastewater treatment' said Dr. Michele Stanley, director of the Algal Bioenergy Special Interest Group.

While the use of algae for fuels and energy in the UK is considered as a longer term market opportunity, the UK is well placed to provide the strategic environmental research needed to underpin the sustainable development of this sector internationally.

To read the full report, please visit the Algal Bioenergy Special Interest Group (AB-SIG) website.
Source: NNFCC

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26. UK: MK's food waste can now be bought as compost

Gardeners can now purchase soil conditioning compost produced using Milton Keynes' food and garden waste at the council's three Community Recycling Centres (CRCs).

EnRich Compost, produced by EnViridis, is a soil improver for spreading on flower beds, vegetables patches and raised beds - it is not suitable for bedding plants in pots and tubs.

It is organic, peat free and made from 100 per cent recycled materials, offering good water retention and soil enriching nutrients.

Available in 60 litre bags costing £4 each — or three bags for £10 — there is no limit of sale per customer.

[...] Food and garden waste placed in green waste bins is sent to the EnVar (sister company to EnViridis) composting facility in Cambridgeshire where it decomposes, under controlled conditions, into a soil-like substance which is used as a soil conditioner.

The compost meets PAS 100 — a quality standard for compost which ensures the product is safe — and the Compost Quality Protocol.

For the full story, please visit MK News

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27. UK: Rest in fleece — demand soars for woollen coffins

Sales rise by 700% as growing number of Britons choose eco-funerals over traditional service.

Coffins made from British wool fleeces are growing in popularity thanks to an increasing number of Britons choosing to take their commitment to a greener life beyond the grave by planning for an environmentally sound send-off.

In the past year, Hainsworth, one of the UK's leading textile mills, has witnessed a 700% rise in demand for its woollen coffins.

At the same time, dissatisfaction with traditional funeral services has driven up the number of eco-funerals to more than 50,000 a year — a 100% rise on five years ago. These funerals include internments at unconventional sites, and coffins made from alternative materials such as wicker and cardboard, as well as cash payments to offset the service's carbon dioxide emissions. Some people choose to forgo a coffin and are buried in a simple shroud.

Over the same five-year period, the number of natural burial grounds across the UK has risen by more than 20%, from 220 to 270. These include communal woodland areas and private land that have been granted planning permission for burials. Councils have also converted corners of municipal cemeteries.

For the full story, please visit The Guardian

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28. WALES: Sustainable development flourishing in Wales' green economy

Wales is fast becoming Europe's testbed for sustainable development and what the UN would call "the green economy". Not only does it have three of Europe's pioneering solar cell makers — Sharp in Wrexham, G24 in Cardiff and Dyesol at Shotton — it aims to be totally self-sufficient in renewable energy. It's the only country in the UK to introduce statutory recycling and waste targets, it has put a tax on plastic bags, it has the impressive Centre for Alternative Technology at Machynlleth turning out a new generation of clean energy engineers, and its local authorities are investing heavily in renewables.

Moreover, it is one only three nations in the world to have sustainable development enshrined in its constitution, and later this year, it hopes to underline its growing divergence from Westminster by passing one of the world's first laws to force all Government spending to take into account environment and social needs.

The country of three million people now stands a chance of picking up another accolade when the National Trust in Wales comes under consideration for a coveted Ashden award for reducing energy use by 46 per cent in just two years.

Most of the castles, mansions, farms, holiday cottages and other buildings that the trust owns in Wales have been quietly retrofitted since 2009 with better heating, lighting and energy saving systems, with over 0.5 megawatt of solar, and hydro electricity installed along with heat pumps and insulation. The trust now saves £280,000 a year on bills as a result. The £2.2 million investment in energy saving and renewable systems is expected to repay itself in nearly eight years.

Having used Wales as a testbed, the plan now is to expand the retrofit scheme to the whole National Trust organisation with its 29,000 properties elsewhere in Britain, including 39 villages, 88 castles, 300 mansions and 61 pubs.

For the full story, please visit Greenwise Business

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29. CANADA: TerraCycle to recycle cigarette butts in Canada

Toronto: Canada based TerraCycle — which specialises recycling in hard to recycle products — has launched of a free program to collect and recycle cigarette waste in Canada.

The company said that in partnership with Canada's largest tobacco manufacturer, its Cigarette Waste Brigade program will divert used cigarette butts, along with cigarette foil and plastic packaging waste, from landfills.

According to TerraCycle, cigarette filters were the number one item recovered during the annual Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup in 2011, with 351,238 collected.

Contrary to popular belief, cigarette butts are not biodegradable and do not break down quickly. The company said that this program will make this pervasive waste easily recyclable for the first time.

The company said that it has gained previous experience in recycling hard-to-recycle waste, ranging from food and beverage packaging to hospital waste, and that the collected cigarette butts will be recycled into plastic pallets for industrial use.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World

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30. USA: Covanta to offer 300 TPD commercial gasification system

Morristown, New Jersey based waste to energy developer, Covanta Energy (NYSE: CVA), has completed commercial testing of the 'first-of-its-kind' modular gasification technology that it plans to offer to its clients.

The company said that the technology has demonstrated the ability to gasify unprocessed post-recycled municipal solid waste (MSW) in a commercial environment, while reducing emissions and increasing energy efficiency.

According to Covanta its gasification unit has been processing 350 tons (317 tonnes) per day of post-recycled MSW and has demonstrated reliability of over 95% availability.

To gasify the MSW — which does not require pre-treatment — the system subjects it to high temperatures and reduced air in the gasification platform, where it undergoes a chemical reaction that creates a synthesis gas, or syngas.

The syngas is then combusted and processed through an established energy recovery system, followed by a state-of-the-art emissions control system.

For the full story, please visit Waste Management World

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31. Overview ISWA meetings 2012
18 June 20 June ISWA Study Tour Separate Collection Vienna Austria
19 June 19 June Rio+20: Official ISWA Side Event "Zero Waste Strategies and Actions towards Sustainable Cities" Rio de Janeiro Brazil
22 June 22 June Rio+20: ISWA Off-site Side Event "Strategies and Actions on Waste for Sustainable Cities" Rio de Janeiro Brazil
3 July 4 July WasteMET Asia - ISWA Beacon Conference on Globalisation, Urban Metabolism and Waste Management Singapore Singapore
5 July 5 July Scientific and Technical Committee Meeting Singapore Singapore
7 July 7 July ISWA Board Meeting Singapore Singapore
23 July 25 July

ISWA Beacon Conference "International AFRICA Sustainable Waste Management Congress"

Lobito Angola
3 Sep 14 Sep 1st ISWA-TU Summer School on Solid Waste Management Vienna Austria
15 Sep 15 Sep Scientific and Technical Committee Meeting Florence Italy
15 Sep 15 Sep ISWA Board Meeting Florence Italy
16 Sep 16 Sep ISWA General Assembly Florence Italy
16 Sep 16 Sep ISWA Board Meeting Florence Italy
17 Sep 19 Sep ISWA Annual Congress 2012 Florence Italy
20 Sep 20 Sep ISWA Board Meeting Florence Italy
24 Sep 28 Sep ISWA Study Tour Waste-to-Energy 2012 Vienna Austria
3 Oct 4 Oct

Working Group Meeting on Legal Issues

Vienna Austria
25 Oct 26 Oct Working Group Meeting on Energy Recovery Bern Switzerland
8 Nov 9 Nov

Working Group Meeting on Recycling and Waste Minimisation

Porto Portugal
16 May 18 May ISWA Beacon Conference "The 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks - Sinks a Vital Element of Modern Waste Management" Espoo Finland
7 Oct 9 Oct ISWA Annual Congress 2013 Vienna Austria
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32. Coming Events Calendar
ISWA Event - ISWA Events
ISWA Member Event - ISWA Member Events
July 2012
ISWA Event 3 – 4 July 2012
ISWA Beacon Conference
Singapore, Singapore
July 2012

ISWA Member Event 24 – 26 July 2012
Enviro 2012
Adelaide, Australia

ISWA Event 25 – 28 June 2012
ISWA Beacon Conference "International AFRICA Sustainable Waste Management Congress"
Lobito, Angola

September 2012
ISWA Event17 – 19 September 2012
World Solid Waste Congress 2012
Florence, Italy

ISWA Event16 – 18 May 2013
ISWA Beacon Conference "The 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks - Sinks a Vital Element of Modern Waste Management"
Espoo, Finland

ISWA Event7 – 9 October 2013
World Solid Waste Congress 2013
Vienna, Austria

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