ISWA’s Weekly Waste Briefing aims to bring you a brief roundup of the week’s waste related stories from across the world’s media. We will update you every Friday with a spotlight on the waste-related stories featured in the week's news. 


26 May 2017 | The Recycling Ethos

Image iStock Photo by Getty

The relationship between culture and waste recycling is complex. Some cultures recycle more than others, some litter more than others. Such behavioural differences can be observed not just cross-culturally, but also within cultures. What contributes to the behaviour of an individual who is not inclined to find their nearest waste bin, or separation facility if there is one?


Studies have shown how easily influenced we are, and small details can produce big changes in attitude. To better understand how easily influenced we are, how small details can produce big changes in attitude, CNN recently looked at several case studies which highlighted how our behaviour is easily formed by prevalent behaviour and aesthetics. In search of a better understanding, CNN recently looked at several case studies. One such example is of a crushed soft drink can which is considered damaged and therefore more likely to end up on the floor or in the general waste than in the recycling bin. Jennifer Argo, a marketing professor from University of Alberta commented that "People see it as a damaged good that is not useful anymore in any way--what can you do with a crushed can? … If the can came to you crushed and you had to make the decision, our research shows that it's going in the garbage." Once products begin to differ from their ideal version, it seems that we see them as being beyond purpose, or repurpose.


Another case study that CNN looked at was of two car parks in Arizona, one completely free of litter, the other not. Researchers placed paper flyers on the windscreens of cars in each car park and observed that in the littered environment, 54% threw their flyer on the floor, a significant increase against those who did so in the clean environment (6%).


Simple marketing and design can also influence our recycling habits, with the shape and style of bins and recycling facilities being taken very seriously by municipalities. Every city has their own design for their bins and wherever you travel, you can often identify the thought process behind the design. A 2008 study by the University of Arizona conducted a series of experiments and found that the design of the lid can completely alter the recycling mindset. By placing appropriate shaped holes in the lids, the rate of contaminants decreased by 95%.


Many other factors can determine our individual tendency to be more careful with our waste. A 2014 Study in the United States revealed that the younger generation are less inclined to go out of their way to find a recycling a station or hold onto their waste until they find one. 90% of those surveyed felt that recycling collection sites need to be more readily accessible to consumers. Other reasons, pointed out in this Ipsos survey, include a lack of understanding over what should be recycled and a refusal to sacrifice the extra time it sometimes requires. But what was clear is that very few referred to ideological barriers, with only 1% of respondents doubting the environmental benefit.


Still, even when recycling facilities are available on every single block, as in Singapore, it doesn’t always go as expected. Per CNBC, recycling is easy enough in Singapore. There are shared recycling bins at every block on the island's public housing estates. Despite the small island having very efficient systems in place, households recycled just 19 percent of their waste in 2015.  "It's really not that difficult for residents to place their recyclables in these bins," Melissa Tan, ISWA’s National Member Representative in Singapore told CNBC in November 2016. "What is needed is a mindset change...We need to further develop our recycling culture so that Singaporeans make an extra effort to recycle more.”


We know individuals are easily shaped by their predominant cultural behaviour patterns and habits. The public discourse on recycling needs to take this into account, not just in the way that we market our collection facilities, but to promote the habit changes we need to make a little extra effort when dealing with our own waste.




Further Reading: 

Past Briefings

19 May 2017 | The Plastic Problem

Over 38 million pieces of plastic were discovered on one remote island (picture: iStock)

Welcome to our latest Weekly Waste Briefing. There is a small, uninhabited island in the South Pacific which is home to nothing but the highest density of plastic particles ever reported, with more than 3,500 pieces washing up daily. Henderson island, per the Associated Press, is one of the most isolated places on the planet. So why is all our waste ending up there? The island is so remote that most of the waste is coming from thousands of miles away. Researchers analysed a number items on the beach with identifiable markings and they determined that garbage had been carried there from China, Japan, South America, Europe, the United States and Russia. The study was conducted which led to these findings can be read in full here. You can also see some more detailed footage in this video on The Guardian.


The materials found on Henderson Island were mostly plastics which were designed to last forever, but were only used transiently. This week, however, The Ellen MacArthur Foundation launched a $2 million Innovation Prize to help keep plastics out the ocean. “The New Plastics Economy Innovation Prize” was launched this week, alongside Prince Charles (UK) who urged the world to tackle the "escalating ecological and human disaster". Just 14 per cent of plastic packaging is currently recycled, according to a 2016 report by the Foundation, with the rest – worth $80-$120 billion – going to waste. The Foundation has set the hugely ambitious goal of eliminating plastic waste. They have established two parallel competitions to achieve this:

  1. The $1 million Circular Design Challenge which invites applicants to rethink how we can get products to people without generating plastic waste.
  2. The $1 million Circular Materials Challenge seeks ways to make all plastic packaging recyclable.

There’s more to it than that, of course, and you can read about the launch and the full details of the competition on the New Plastics Economy website here. We’re very excited to see the outcomes of this.


IKEA are also making moves to reduce their use of plastics and non-recyclables according to The Guardian. The Swedish furniture giant is extending control across its supply chain in an attempt to become more sustainable by avoiding environmentally damaging activities like illegal deforestation and plastic waste. IKEA have invested in plastic recycling technologies recently as they aim to increase consumer awareness around plastic waste and achieve an ambitious goal of using 100% recyclable and/or recycled materials by August 2020. You can read IKEA’s statement on their carbon reduction and sustainability efforts here. The Guardian have opened a dialogue on how businesses can embrace sustainability, particularly renewables and the circular economy. You can help shape the discussion here.  


With the various attempts to solve the plastic crisis through innovation, aside from just not using them, what if we looked towards nature instead for answers? Scientists have discovered that wax worms can eat plastic bags. Could that help us reduce plastic pollution? Asks National Geographic. The discovery, made by scientists in Spain found that a simple wax worm can chew sizable holes in a plastic shopping bag within 40 minutes. Although the breakthrough is interesting and potentially very important, they are yet to fully understand why. In the meantime, perhaps we should focus on producing less and recycling more first. 


That's all for this week!

The ISWA Team

12 May 2017 | Interview: Going Zero Waste

Occasionally, in place of the usual weekly briefing, we will interview with an influential waste thinker, activist, blogger or just an individual with an interesting waste story. 


This week we spoke with Kathryn Kellogg, who's website and blog "Going Zero Waste" offers a whole range of tips and advice on how to live a more sustainable lifestyle.  


After moving to California, Kathryn was shocked to see all of the litter and plastic in the ocean and decided to be the change she wanted to see. She stopped buying plastic and decided to create a sustainable life. Since then, she has amassed a huge following on Facebook and Instagram, with a combined 40,000 followers.


Here's our talk:


You’re going zero waste… What exactly does this mean and how are you going about it?

Zero is a goal not an ultimatum. Everyone can join in the process. Even if they only do one thing, it’s still a step in the right direction. And, a step in the right direction; is a step in the right direction. I believe in encouraging community. I want everyone to feel like they can participate in this movement. It’s so important to make the movement viable and to help the message spread. We can all participate!


Tell us about some of the obstacles you faced and the daily habits which were most difficult to change… 

I don’t like this question, because there’s not a good answer. Nothing was difficult to change. Zero waste isn’t like climbing a mountain. It’s not like it gets harder the more you go. Instead it’s like walking through a field. Each step is equal and over time you’ve covered a great distance.


It’s more about building habits and changing your routine. While it may be difficult to learn a new routine, (similar to getting a new school schedule or starting a new job) once you get the hang of it, it feels just like any other day. I honestly don’t even notice I do things different.


The average American sends 4lbs /1.8kg of waste to landfill each day. How much do you send?

I don’t have a daily total, but it’s less than 4lbs over 2.5 years.


Is this lifestyle achievable for those on low incomes / limited budgets?

Most people on low income and limited budgets don’t have a choice in many of these areas. I am low middle class, and have made a lot of these choices out of necessity long before I went zero waste.


Would you say that it is easier for you in California, a more progressive state on issues of sustainability than most?

It truly depends on the area we’re talking about. Most aspects of zero waste anyone can participate in no matter where they are like bringing a water bottle and reusable grocery bags with them. Food would probably be the exception. I am fortunate to have a year round farmers market in California with lots of amazing local food.


The farmers market is always MUCH cheaper than buying at the grocery store and I know that’s not the same for everyone either.


The term “zero waste” is often disparaged - do you get any criticism for using it?

People get way to hung up on “zero.” It’s the internet. You will be criticized for anything and everything. ;)  


Is a wasteless lifestyle just a dream?  If not, when do you think you will reach that level?

I don’t think so. I think I’m living the dream. Sure, I generate some trash. I generate trash in the waste upstream, but it’s not about the landfill for me. It’s more about resource production.


Trash is the physical representation of misallocated resources. We live in a linear society where we take precious resources and use them to make products that only last seconds. It’s completely unsustainable.


Earth overshoot day is an excellent example.


What inspired this lifestyle? Were there any waste statistics or information which shocked you into this?

I quit plastic when I was trying avoid endocrine disrupters such as BPA and BPS found in plastics. I had several tumours in my breast that were thankfully benign, but it spurred me to make a lot of changes in my daily life. There are so many toxins hiding in everyday items we just assume are safe.


I’m not chicken little, and I don’t think the sky is falling, but I think it’s important to be vigilant and to avoid unnecessary toxins. It’s important to be informed.


When I moved out to California, I saw all of the litter so close to the ocean. It all eventually wound up in the ocean through the storm drains. I realized that all storm drains lead to the sea, not just the ones blocks from the ocean. Everything is so connected. I decided to go zero waste because I didn’t want to be a part of the problem, I wanted to be a part of the solution.


I learned most of my fun shocking facts after I decided to quit trash. My transition was pretty seamless since I was already removing most plastic from my day to day routine.


Do you have any simple tips for waste reduction for our readers which they can implement without much effort?

I have a great top 10 list here:


How has the general reaction been? From your friends and family – have you managed to get them involved?

The zero waste lifestyle is pretty contagious. I mean when your chronic pain goes away and you’ve saved $12,000 people get a little curious. I don’t even really talk about it in person.


I’m not one to preach. I just live by example. If you’re interested, cool! If you’re not, you’ll come around. ;)


Finally, is the message spreading? What most impedes this zero (or minimum) waste idea from growing? How can we change that?

I certainly think so! I’ve seen the movement grow soooo much in just the past two years. What’s the main problem? In my opinion, perfection. We have to ditch the idea of perfection. There is NO perfect. Life isn’t perfect. Zero waste is not about perfection it’s about making better choices. And, everyone can make better choices.


Awareness is also a large hindrance. People need to know there’s a problem, most don’t. But, as the movement grows so does awareness. I have complete faith that things are only going to up. :)  


A long one this week, thanks for reading!


The ISWA Team.

05 May 2017

Let's close the world's biggest dumpsites!

Welcome to the latest Weekly Waste Briefing


We’ve reported a lot recently on a some high-profile dumpsite tragedies in Sri Lanka and Ethiopia, but it doesn’t stop there and we shouldn’t be waiting for these tragedies to react. It is not just landslides, but also fires we need to be fearful of. This report in the Hindustan Times explains why a dumpsite in Panchkula district, Haryana, India has been experiencing a serious increase in fires. In the last month, at least 15 fire incidents have been reported. These fires are not only directly dangerous for the obvious reasons, but they also a release dangerous gases from the dumpsite as the waste has not been compressed and treated properly. Take a look at the article to see what the local residents think about the way the waste is handled in the region.


We also came across a shocking series of images by French photographer Alexandre Sattler. A report in the Mail Online depicts the shocking conditions in which people work and live on the dumpsites of Indonesia, with reports of children being born on the dumpsite!! The dumpsite, near Jakarta is the largest open landfill site in south-east Asia, receiving 9,000 tonnes of waste every single day. A staggering amount! The dumpsite is home to around 3,000 families. The photographer called the dumpsite a “world of filth” and was deeply disheartened at how so many living and working on the dumpsite were simply resigned to the lifestyle with no hope of change. We encourage you to look at the collection of photographs in the article. If you think something needs to be done about this, please add your voice to our declaration, which calls for the closure of the world’s biggest dumpsites.


In a response to Africa’s growing waste problem, Greenpeace has joined up with a Namibian marketing agency to develop a campaign using materials taken from the dumpsite. They call them “African Trash Masks” You can see the artwork and the marketing campaign in full here. The African Trash masks designed to point out the impact of pollution on future generations. Aside from running ads in Namibian newspapers and on streets, they were also displayed in schools and colleges to inspire the younger generation to rethink how they dispose of waste.


There are 40 million kilometres of roads in the world, most of which require oil for construction. But what if we could use our plastic waste for road surfaces instead? In this video on the BBC, one innovative Scottish company thinks they can solve both the plastic waste epidemic whilst also improving the quality of the world’s road surfaces. They have developed an asphalt mix using waste plastics, which they argue makes a strong road surface.


On a similar theme, we also came across another innovator in Bloomberg who has serious ambitions to save the world’s oceans from plastic waste! London-based Adam has claimed to have developed a technology which turns daily single-use petroleum-based products such as cling wrap, polyester clothing, carpets, electronics -- back into oil which can be used to create plastic products again. He says that “We want to change the history of plastic in the world,” – we’ll keep eye out on the progress of that one!


That’s all for this week,


The ISWA Team

21 April 2017

Earth Day 2017 is coming up. ISWA's message focuses on dumpsites

Tomorrow, 22 April 2017, is Earth Day and ISWA’s message on this focusses on the significant role that waste management has a significant role to play in the health of our planet.


Two recent reports by ISWA have demonstrated this intrinsic link: the Global Waste Management Outlook and A Roadmap for Closing Waste Dumpsites. The latter is a very important issue for ISWA and our drive to close the world’s biggest dumpsites. It is important because of the direct impacts on human life, our surrounding environment, but also the long-term climate consequences.

A series of tragic events have recently put dumpsites into the spotlight and this comment piece in The Huffington Post explains why the sad human tragedies are “just the tip of the iceberg.” The report points out that the “health and environmental hazards in those circumstances are a given, with waste pickers being exposed to contaminants and hazardous materials, from faecal matter and medical waste to toxic fumes and chemicals, including threats to their safety such as vehicles, fires and, as seen, surface slides.”  Whilst the direct consequences to the waste pickers are very clear, the wider environmental impact is less tangible, with dumpsites expected to contribute to 10% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 if nothing changes.


One shocking example of this hazard was recently highlighted in a report on a dumpsite in Lebanon by Reuters News Agency.  The small town of Bar Elias has doubled in recent years due to the influx of Syrian refugees. The article describes the impact on the surrounding environment “Yet perhaps the most glaring strain has been the garbage mountain rising among the hills, or the open water canals overflowing with trash in the winter…the gutters also spill over with floating plastic bags.” This is one of hundreds of examples worldwide of dumpsites which are contaminating the planet. Fortunately for this region the EU has funded a €4.5m waste management facility which will process 150 tonnes of waste each day in the region. Not all people relying on dumpsites are so lucky.


E-Waste is another significant contributor to climate change with some 50 million tonnes of e waste being generated worldwide every year. Take a look at this great infographic from Collective Evolution for more statistics. 


According to Love Fone, a UK based electronics repair shop, The Global e-waste output weight is the same as that of 187 Empire State Buildings!  Considering Earth Day, Love Fone is trying to raise awareness about the problem of e-waste across the globe an interactive visualisation. We urge you to check out their map on the above link which excellently highlights this global problem. They are also fighting Apple’s “right to repair” appeal, which could lead to an even greater increase in E-Waste.


That's all, enjoy your weekend!

14 April 2017

Airline food and the packaging it comes in accounts for a shocking amount of food waste annual

Did you ever wonder what happened to all that terrible airplane food that you just couldn’t stomach? The Guardian’s recent report on the “ridiculous story of airline food” and why so much ends up in landfill revealed the shocking numbers behind the airline industry’s disastrous food waste problem. Per the International Air Transport Association, in 2016 airlines generated a staggering 5.2 million tonnes of waste to the value of $500 million! That’s the equivalent of around 2.6 million cars in weight.


So, what is being done about this? Although late, airlines and airports are nonetheless wising up to the issue. One EU funded project in Spain “Zero Cabin Waste” has established a consortium of Spanish airlines and organisations who make up the industry with the aim of recovering 80% of all waste generated by air travel in the country. The project will analyse the different types of waste, introduce special trollies onto aircrafts with separation and consider methods for organic waste treatment directly at airports. Heathrow Airport in London has set a recycling target for cabin waste of 70% by 2020 and they are undertaking a pilot project where cabin waste from participating airlines is taken to a sorting area on-site.


Last month, another of London’s airports opened the world’s first on-sight waste-to-energy plant – this will reduce the daily costs of transporting waste by the airport by $1200. International regulations mean that most airline waste must be treated in a certain way, often meaning significant waste transport costs, but more and more airports are considering on-sight waste treatment facilities to ease the energy burden. Finally, one Australian charity is taking unconsumed airline meals and distributing them to the hungry. OzHarvest “rescues” up to 400 Kilos of perfectly good food from Brisbane airport each day, saving it from landfill. The charity had difficulty convincing airports in the beginning, but now they are supplying 480,000 “rescued” meals per year to the hungry.


Staying in the skies, high up in the world’s tallest mountain, we were shocked to discover how many tonnes of waste is being left behind by climbers and explorers on Mount Everest. In a sad indication of the amount of trash being left behind, this report by the BBC described the mountain as “the world's highest garbage dump”. Climbers are now being asked to support the efforts to remove the waste and they are being fined if they do not take their garbage back down with them – they are even supplied with bags! Mountains are a serious waste management challenge, posing significant threats to our landscape and environment. You can read more about the overall mountain waste problem and the potential solutions in ISWA’s Waste Management Outlook for Mountain Regions here.


That’s all for this week!


The ISWA Team 

31 March 2017

20 billion coffee pods are produced each year. They are not biodegradable

Welcome to the final briefing for March!


Earlier this month we asked what would happen to the 4 million Samsung Galaxy smartphones that were recalled in 2016 due to combustion issues. Finally, this week, we have an answer. As reported by The Guardian, the company has announced that it will refurbish and sell the smartphones and that they are recycling its significant stockpile of equipment in an “environmentally friendly” manner (although this has not been clarified). Samsung also said that it will extract the metals using eco-friendly methods and detach any salvageable components, such as cameras, for resale. Greenpeace, who vociferously protested Samsung on the matter, welcomed the news and took some of the credit.  


The UK parliament have been under the spotlight recently, but despite the issues surrounding Brexit, they have managed to find time to launch an inquiry into plastic bottle and coffee cup waste.  Parliament has asked the Environmental Audit Committee to look into the damage being done to the environment by disposable drinks packaging, focussing on the impact of plastic bottles and coffee cups. Mary Creagh MP, always a strong voice on environmental issues, commented “Our throwaway society has given us a tide of litter on our beaches, dead seabirds and fish, and plastic in our food.”


So, what can be done to tackle this throwaway mentality? As reported by the BBC, a university study has concluded that charging a fee for coffee cups could cut usage in the UK alone by 300 million. Imagine the worldwide impact! This doesn’t have to come at a cost for the businesses, who would instead encourage the use of reusable cups and the study estimates that such a measure would increase the reusable cups by at least 12.5%.  You can read more about the waste mountain being created by coffee cups in this report by the BBC.


It is not only coffee cups that are causing a significant waste burden, but the coffee capsule (or pod) industry is also making a substantial contribution to landfills across the world. Almost all coffee capsules are composed of several materials and are non-biodegradable. However, start-up company, Halo Coffee claims to have established the world’s first totally biodegrade coffee capsule. This is a bid deal, especially as the coffee capsule is predicted to overtake ground coffee consumption by 2020 per Business Insider. The article reckons that 20 billion coffee pods are produced every year, none of which (until now) were at all biodegradable. Let’s hope that Halo’s claim is true and that it catches on!


That's all for this week,


The ISWA Team

24 March 2017

The issue of marine litter has been rising the international political agenda in recent years.

Welcome to ISWA’s latest Weekly Waste Briefing!


This week the European Union set a series of ambitious new targets to cut landfill and food waste. In a news release, The EU Parliament declared new targets of increasing the rates of recycling across the EU from the current rate of 44% up to 70% by 2030. The targets also plan limit the share of landfilling to 5% and to deliver a 50% reduction in food waste by 2030. According to Waste Dive, measuring the progress will be challenging and standardised methods and compliance would be required to ensure these targets are met.


If there was ever any doubt that the fish we eat contains plastics, a video by scientists recently presented on the BBC captures the moment that plastic enters the food chain. In the video, plankton fish can be seen ingesting micro plastics. This concerning footage proves some of the direct consequences of the 150 million tonnes of plastic which becomes waste each year.


Waste plastic in the oceans has been recognised by the UN as a major environmental problem and the issue has been rising the international political agenda in recent years. One of the world’s biggest ocean polluters, Indonesia, have pledged $1 billion per year to curb ocean waste. Currently only China is dumping more plastic into the ocean than Indonesia. But the country has pledged $1 billion per year to achieve the goal of reducing marine litter by 70% in the next 8 years. They are proposing new industries that use biodegradable materials to develop and produce alternatives to plastics. The commitment by Indonesia is part of the UN’s clean seas campaign, which is taking on consumer plastics. The campaign has laid out a series of commitments including reducing coffee cups, urging firms to cut packaging and avoiding cosmetics which use microbeads.


India is another of the world’s biggest polluters when it comes to the oceans and per The Guardian, some 6000 tonnes of plastic waste lies uncollected every day. This collection of photographs captures the filthy consequences of this waste, showing the direct contamination of the food and waters of the Bay of Bengal. The images are shocking. 


Meanwhile, in New York, an entire series of waste lectures and tours will be taking place this spring and summer. If you’re a New Yorker, then look at “Getting to Zero New York” who are staging several events across the city which explore the waste infrastructure of the urban area. Getting to Zero is intended to broaden public understanding about how cities have been shaped over time in response to changing waste management challenges. 


That's it for this week,


The ISWA Team. 

17 March 2017

Spare bread? Many companies are beginning to see value by turning it into beer.

Welcome to ISWA’s latest Weekly Waste Briefing!


We are opening with a story you almost certainly heard about already, but one which nethertheless is worth repeating. As reported by almost every media outlet including the BBC, a landslide on an open dump in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa this week led to the tragic deaths of at least 113 people, including many children working on the dumpsite overnight. We are repeating this story as it is something very important to ISWA and it highlights our deep concern about the immediate threat to human life because of the operation of large, unregulated dumpsites. We therefore urge you to look at our declaration which calls for the closure of the world’s biggest dumpsites. We would also encourage you to read more about this, including our latest report, A Roadmap for Closing Dumpsites, on our website,  


On Saint Patrick’s Day, a reference to beer seems only reasonable. A recent report by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation looks at the start-up producing beer from bread, making progress towards a circular economy. Bread, per the report, is one of the most commonly wasted foodstuffs due to it being cheap and having a very short shelf-life. In the U.K., for example, 44% of all bread produced gets thrown away. However, people are beginning to see the value in old and unconsumed bread. One start up “Toast Ale” making it their mission to reduce bread-waste, giving new life to unsold bread which is otherwise thrown away by bakeries with all profits going to Feedback, a charity campaigning to end food waste across the world. Another company, The Brussels Beer Project, is running a similar scheme over in Belgium. Check out the report by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation to find out more about the process and how they are helping raise awareness on food waste.


Over the last two years we have seen various European countries ban the mass disposal of food waste in supermarkets, and now in New Jersey legislation has been passed which aims to make it easier to donate food and keep it out of the landfill. As reported in WastDive, 5 food waste reduction bills were passed this week by the New Jersey Senate with the overall goal of reducing the amount of food waste by 50% by 2030. Other bills have also made it easier for organisations to donate unsold and unconsumed food through tax incentives and liability protections.


In other positive news, we have come across some examples of innovative ways of reusing rather than wasting. In a short video produced by The Guardian’s Global Development section, we were pleased to find out about a lifeguard, Almagir, in Bangladesh who is saving lives using his surfboard made from recycled materials. The handmade surfboard was made for a fraction of the cost of buying a new surfboard and now Almagir plans to set up his own shop selling boards made from reused materials.


That's it for this week,


The ISWA Team. 

10 March 2017

How can you use your smartphone or tablet to help reduce waste?

We would like to begin by showing you a Ted Talk we came across this week on “Litterati” – an exciting new app which has been developed to map and collect the world's litter. In the Ted Talk, the app developer explains the story behind his new app which is tracking trash in more than 100 countries across the world. The online platform encourages people to geotag litter by photographing it and sharing it amongst the rest of the online community. These tags provide insight into problem areas and help identify the most common brands and products which create litter. They hope to use this data to work with companies and organizations to find more sustainable solutions.


Literati is one of many apps in use to help eradicate waste and clean up the planet, in fact it is becoming big-business, according to the Huffington Post. They point out the financial incentives in the fight against food waste, which have the potential to bring much more people on board. The report looks at the various platforms available to consumers looking to save money and reduce both waste and carbon emissions. One country in particular is leading the way in the fight – Denmark has seen significant reductions in food waste with a 25% decrease over the last five years through various means. Two apps developed in Denmark include Too Good To Go and YourLocal have well over one million users between them with the former focusing on takeaway and restaurant food and the latter on reducing food waste in supermarkets. This benefits the consumer, producer and the trader.


The Guardian’s Sustainable Business section recently compiled a list of their favourite food waste apps across the globe which are helping the fight against waste. This list includes apps from Africa, Asia, Europe and North America with their favourite being 11th Hour, an app developed for Singaporeans allowing them to discover discounted menu items offered by restaurants and food stalls in Singapore before they close and through away food.


Meanwhile in California, in another example of innovation, one young boy is running his own recycling company in order to save for college. This article in CNN tells the story of 7-year-old Ryan Hickman, who first established his passion for recycling at the age of 3! Since then he has established his own company, Ryan’s Recycling which has already recycled over 200,000 bottles and cans. He first set the company up in order to save for college, but he has also raised almost $4000 for the Pacific Marine Mammal Centre as he says that his main concern was that "bottles get to the ocean and then animals get sick and die". You can read his story in the CNN article. 


Thanks for reading,


The ISWA Team!

03 March 2017

Over 7 billion smartphones have been produced in the last 10 years

Welcome to the latest Weekly Waste Briefing!


This week we are looking at e-waste and we have some really staggering statistics which highlight the intense challenge the world faces in dealing with disposed electronic devices and equipment. "The World Counts" is tracking, as best it can, the amount of electronic waste disposed of this year. This clock shows how many millions of tonnes we have already disposed of and, as you will see, the numbers are deeply concerning.


There is a good chance you are reading this on a smart phone or a tablet. But how aware are you of what happens at the end of the device’s relatively short life? It almost certainly won't be recycled in any sustainable or safe manner. China is currently facing a significant challenge in recycling old mobile phones and other electronic devices with short life spans. According to Eco-Business, In China, the generation of e-waste more than doubled between 2010 and today. Another staggering statistic, as reported by ECNS is that the number of devices replaced annually is expected to hit between 400 and 500 million units this year, meaning that there could potentially be up to 1 billion old mobile phones sat idle in China. The complicated makeup of these devices, containing plastic casing, lithium batteries, circuits and screens with various toxic materials makes recycling them very difficult and a potential health hazard (the average smartphone contains 60 different elements.)


E-waste in general is problematic in China with the country’s middle class booming due to more disposable income than ever, leading to rapid generation of e-waste. According to a Guardian report, a record 16m tonnes of electronic waste, containing both toxic and valuable materials was generated last year.


So is there a way to safely and sustainably recycle these devices or will they just end up on top of the other e-Waste mountains? This question was recently forced upon Samsung after it recalled 4.3 million Galaxy Note 7 devices following safety concerns. Greenpeace this week made a stance and demanded that Samsung explain what is happening to their mountain of wasted smartphones. Their recent study highlights the devastating impact that smart-phone disposal is having on our planet, with more than 7 billion smartphones having been produced in the last 10 years. Following Greenpeace’s protest, no clear message was delivered from Samsung indicating what might happen to the 4.3 million devices.


A report by The Guardian’s Sustainable Business section estimates where these phones might go based on previous trends and practices. The majority will not be recycled and most will go overseas to informal recycling hotspots in developing countries such as Ghana or Southern China where they are disassembled in unregulated conditions, exposing the workers and the surrounding environment to some seriously unhealthy toxins. This unregulated processing has serious consequences on human health, the air, the soil and the water.


We have seen some very small steps taken to control this problem, but not enough. One Dutch Start-up, Closing The Loop are currently exploring ways to extend mobile phone shelf-life with refurbishment, reuse and recycling programmes which ensure that no e-waste finds its way to these scrap heaps in developing countries. Unfortunately the solutions remain unclear, but we hope that such companies can help set the trend.


So, do you really need to upgrade your phone?


That’s all for this week!

24 February 2017

This week the UN "declared war" on plastic ocean waste

Welcome to the latest Weekly Waste Briefing!


With the fourth World Ocean Summit currently taking place, it is only appropriate to take a look at marine litter in this week’s briefing. The Summit takes place in Bali, Indonesia, a country exposed to the consequences of waste in our oceans more than most.


At the Summit, Dell announced an innovative programme which will take plastic waste from the oceans and use it for packaging its computer products. As reported in CNBC, by pulling plastics out of the ocean and recycling them into a commercially viable way, they hope to keep harmful micro plastics from troubling ocean waters. Dell has developed the technology industry’s first packaging trays made with 25 percent recycled ocean plastic content. This comes after last month's news that SUEZ had supported Procter & Gamble in developing a shampoo bottle from scrap plastic recovered from beaches. This is a bottle only being sold in France for the time being, but the company say that by end of 2018 more than half a billion bottles per year will include up to 25 percent recycled plastic.


The summit is part of an international call to action for the world to take more care in cleaning up its oceans and the United Nations have “declared war” on ocean plastic waste. In its statement, the UN criticised single-use plastics, such as water bottles and plastic bags and others. This criticism comes shortly after the positive news that one of the world’s biggest consumer healthcare manufacturers, Johnson & Johnson confirmed it will remove the plastic from its cotton buds, as reported by The Independent. Let’s hope other companies follow their lead!


Marine Litter will also be one of the key focuses of the 2017 ISWA World Congress, where we aim to present some of the initial findings of our current ongoing study.


Continuing with plastic waste, according to The Guardian, the world currently only recycles 14% of plastic, a tiny amount! So why don’t we recycle more? A recent report by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation estimated that, if the other 86% were to be properly recycled, it could create $80bn-$120bn in revenues and innumerable jobs. These figures are not probable in the current economic environment since much of the products, such as coffee cups, food wrappers etc., contain multiple materials which are difficult to separate. Therefore, new materials and methods are required. This article in The Guardian takes an in-depth look at the various alternatives being considered by innovators and organisations across the world who could help solve our plastic recycling conundrum.


One final thing to consider, could you give up food waste? Love Food Hate Waste is challenging people to give up food waste in 40 days in an alternative lent. Most people give up coffee, chocolate or takeout food, but why not just attempt to be more resourceful and use it as an opportunity to eliminate food waste? You can sign up to their challenge for free to receive advice, tips and recipes to help you achieve the goal.


That’s all for this week, 


The ISWA Team!

17 February 2017

More and more companies are looking at circular business models

Welcome to the latest Weekly Waste Briefing!


So who is to blame for the mountains of food waste generated in developed economies? Differing opinions in this week’s newspapers are pointing fingers in different directions. One article in The Guardian highlighted research that indicates that so-called “millennials” are largely responsible. The study suggests that the younger generation’s “throwaway” attitude towards cooking and eating is contributing to this food waste, placing little value on the food on their plate in contrast to the +60’s who grew up with more rationed food, throw away much less. In the UK, for example, a study of the food waste patterns of 5,050 consumers, revealed nearly two-fifths of those aged over 65 say they never waste food, compared with just 17% of those under 35.


However, another article, in the same newspaper rebutted this study, suggesting that we focus the blame on intensive farming and supermarket culture that has divorced people from how food is produced. Most modern consumers will have almost no knowledge of how their food is produced, where it comes from, how much food was wasted in the process and why they come so cheap. This isolation of food awareness is a result of the modern supermarket.


Meanwhile, a recent study by the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organisation found that one third of global food production for human consumption never finds its way onto plates and is lost or wasted. The infographic they present demonstrates the unaccetable situation of global food waste. The food waste can be the resolt of transport, poor harvesting, consumer’s throwing it away, supermarkets rejecting it etc. Some of these situations are out of the consumers control, but this is nontheless a very serious matter when you consider that 21% of landfill waste globally comes from food.


Whilst the younger generations have been blamed for being more wasteful, there are also many initiatives which show how some Europeans are developing new business models with a closed-loop economy in mind. “Can the Circular Economy Save the Planet” asks Deutsche Welle in a report on alternative building methods and materials. Almost 40% of materials end up as waste, however, there is a growing awareness of this issue with many businesses in Europe looking to change their ways, including Edinburgh Remakery, a social enterprise promoting a zero waste society through a circular economy. Another fine example is Cyclomania, a bike kitchen in Budapest, Hungary. More and more businesses look towards the a circular economy approach, which has the potential to eliminate waste from the start pf the process, make things that last and expends less energy; reducing the impact on the environment. For more information on the circular economy concept, take a look at the reports published last year by ISWA’s Task Force on Resource Management.


One final story, following the wasteful Olympic Games last year in Brazil, we are pleased to see that the organisers of the 2020 games in Tokyo are looking at a more sustainable approach, as reported in ABC News. The organisers say that the medals will be produced from recycled e-waste and there is an overall effort to reduce the environmental impact of the games. "There's quite a limit on the resources of our earth, and so recycling these things and giving them a new use will make us all think about the environment," said Tokyo 2020 Sports Director Koji Murofushi.


That’s all for this week, 


The ISWA Team!

10 February 2017

Over 30 plastic bags were discovered in the stomach of one whale

Welcome to your latest Weekly Waste Briefing! 


Last week we discussed the issue of plastic waste in our oceans, following which some tragic news illustrated why we should be concerned as a whale was found off the coast of Norway so full of plastic bags, that zoologists were forced to euthanize it. As reported in The Telegraph, scientists found over 30 plastic bags in the stomach of the whale upon opening its stomach.


The volume of plastic inside the whale’s stomach and intestines led to it being malnourished, leaving the wardens with no option than to put it down. For those familiar with the threat of plastic waste, this hardly comes as a surprise given that recent research estimates that more plastic than fish will sit in the oceans by 2050.


Following these concerns, Sky News launched its #OceanRescue campaign, to raise awareness on this matter which we strongly encourage you to take a look at. They have also produced a moving, 45-minute documentary “Plastic pollution in our oceans” which is essential viewing and presents some rather shocking images of the real-life threats posed to the health of those living in coastal areas in the developing countries most affected, with one describing the situation quite emotively: “The ocean where life on Earth began is being turned into a synthetic soup.”. If you watch the documentary, you may find yourself in agreement.


Much of this waste arises as a consequence of our rapid change in lifestyle and habits, especially in a time where international travel and tourism has become so accessible. New York, for example, is experiencing a significant increase in waste volume as more and more tourists see the city hit record numbers of people. As pointed out in a recent report by the New York Times, the city’s sanitation department required an extra $49.5 million to clean up the extra waste created in 2016 (compared to the previous year), they also recruited an extra 1,880 volunteers to help manage the street-cleaning operation. But even with all of this extra man-power and financial investment, the garbage continues to amass. If you are resident and worried about the accumulation of trash in your region, then we encourage you to check out the global clean-up initiative of Let’s do It!, with whom ISWA recently signed an MOU.


Finally, we were very pleased to read this week that a supermarket has opened in Germany, selling only food waste, as reported by Deutsche Welle. The supermarket, called The Good Food opened last Saturday in the German city of Köln is the first of its kind in Germany and one of a handful in Europe (the first being in Denmark last year) and sells produce that would have otherwise gone to waste, rejected by the mainstream supermarkets. The unique element is that the consumers determine the price and pay what they think the food is worth. Let’s hope we see more such stores in the future!

03 February 2017

Food waste is also a serious economic and environmental issue

Welcome to the weekly waste briefing!


With marine litter being increasingly highlighted as one of the most significant dangers to our planet, plastic waste is under the spotlight more than ever. According to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation about 30% of plastic packaging will never be reused or recycled.


As reported in The Guardian this week, several retailers and manufacturers are increasing their efforts to reduce the amount of plastic waste they create, or at the very least looking to redesign their plastic packaging in an attempt to cut waste. Such shocking statistics as those highlighted in the report by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation have led to companies to rethink how they use plastics. Unilever, whose brands include Dove, Magnum and Surf, has pledged to make all plastic packaging reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025. At present the company estimates that 70% of its plastic packaging is recyclable. Furthermore, supermarkets like M&S have pledged to switch to single polymer recyclable plastic in the next few years.


Microplastics are especially hazardous and are clogging up our oceans and, as highlighted by The Independent, collective action is urgently needed to remedy this. Although the report focuses on the UK, it remains a global problem in a world obsessed with throwaway, single-use plastics. The article by The Independent includes interviews with local people who are establishing new initiatives and setting the standards when it comes to plastic recycling. One fascinating example is a project by a group of Australian surfers called “Seabins”, which collects waste, oil and fuels with the potential to take significant amounts of waste out of the waters. You can read more about this on their crowdfunding website here.


Alongside plastic, food waste is also a serious economic and environmental issue and the public are becoming more aware and frustrated by this. Fortunately, this increased awareness is having an impact on the retailers. However, in a report from The Guardian, we are very, very far from doing enough. Many British supermarkets pledged over the last year to donate surplus food to homeless charities. But this is barley a small dent in the numbers of food waste the supermarkets create indirectly. The vast majority of food discarded is unprocessed, healthy, fresh food currently wasted further up the supply chain on farms. This article is calling for all supermarkets to be more open about their data and explain more clearly how much food is wasted further up the supply chain and prior to it reaching the stores.


One incredible initiative is trying to combat the food wasted in this supply chain. The Gleaning Network is raising awareness on this matter, looking to change the retailer policies and consumer cultures that lead to this waste. Reducing food waste at farm level is an absolute must and will likely have the most dramatic impact.


And finally, we would like to share one final article with you, from Recycle Bank, which offers some tips and suggestions on how you can minimize your waste with your friends


That’s all for this week, thanks for reading!   

27 January 2017

India currently contributes to 60% of global ocean plastic waste

We took a break, but we now hope to keep you updated on a weekly basis with the latest news from the world of waste, offering an overview of what the newspapers are saying in the world of waste.


Starting on a positive note, it was announced this week that Delhi, the capital city of India is to ban all forms of disposable plastic! This includes cutlery, bags and other plastic items which contaminate our oceans and air. According to The Independent, India is responsible for 60% of all plastics which enter the world’s oceans each year. Those astonishing figures, coupled with the mass burning of plastic that takes place across the city, pushed the city to respond and take action. There are three large dumpsites in the city which cause significant air pollution due to the burning of plastics which has ultimately led to this decision, with the National Capital Territory stating that


“Each of these sites is a depiction of the mess that can be created for environment and health of people of Delhi. The Delhi government shall take steps for storage and use of plastic materials.”


Let’s hope the ban, which came into action this month, can help reduce Delhi’s notoriously polluted air and also reduce the amount of plastic going into our oceans. The trend for reducing plastic waste has continued into 2017 with a number of US States, such as Michigan, also banning disposable plastic bags.


To understand the tragic impact of plastic waste on our environment, one just needs to take a look at these images of Lebanon recently published by the New York Times. What was once a beautiful, scenic beach, is now a huge dumpsite. The trash has been piling up for the last two years on the beaches of Beirut, creating a nasty smell across the city. This unfortunate situation stems purely from political dysfunction and the citizens of Beirut are far from happy. Waste infrastructure is being held up by politics and subsequently blighting a country once famous for its natural beauty. You can read more about the Lebanese waste crisis in this New York Times article.


Meanwhile in the U.K., The City of London is challenging people to reduce their coffee-cup waste. A modern phenomenon, coffee cups have become one of the biggest challenges to the waste and recycling industry due to the materials used (there is often a plastic lining for heat insulation) and simply because of the immediate and disposable nature of the drinks. The fact that up to 7 million paper cups are disposed of in the UK every day (over 2.5bn every year.) never ceases to shock. What is worse, less than 1% of these are recycled.


But as The Guardian reports, efforts are increasing to improve these statistics. The City of London, in collaboration with a number of coffee chains, will introduce dedicated coffee cup recycling stations in stores, cafes and in the streets making it much easier to recycle the cup, even in such a fast-paced environment. Similar schemes have been tested, such as this one in Manchester, but this is the biggest trial of its kind and aims to make a much more significant dent in the number of coffee cups which avoid recycling.



That’s all for this week! 

05 August 2016

The waters around Rio continue to be a problem, despite the pre-Olympic promises

Welcome to the first weekly waste briefing of August!


The Olympic Games opens today in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Since being awarded the games seven years ago there have been numerous concerns about the waste and public sanitation situation, particularly the infamous waters around Rio. Over the last seven years, according to D Waste Dive, the city has failed to address the problem of waste in the waters. The city originally pledged to clear at least 80% of the sewage flowing into the bay and surrounding waterways. But as ISWA Vice-President Carlos Silva Filho points out in the article, this has not succeeded. The problem has been building up for some time and as The Guardian pointed out in February this year, with one key issue, amongst many, being a lack of funding due to the political and economic crisis that hit Brazil.


A series of eco boats and barriers have been installed to stem the flow of waste temporarily, but this is not just a problem for the Olympics, it is one which continues after the world’s television crews leave the city. There is no guarantee that after the games that this problem will continue to be addressed with the same urgency. Check out the full article for comments from ISWA’s President and Vice-President.


Earlier this year we focussed on the use of plastic bags across Europe and how many countries are moving towards charges, or in France’s case – total bans. But what is the impact of these restrictions? Are we cutting down on the use of plastic bags as a result? Since the UK introduced a 5p charge on plastic bags last October, the results have been staggering. The Guardian have reported on an 85% reduction in the number of single-use plastic bags taken from supermarkets by customers. Looking at the real numbers, this is a staggering reduction – 500 million plastic bags were taken in the first six months of this year, compared with 7 billion in the year before. Taking over 6billion plastic bags from the ocean is a small change when you consider that 8 million tonnes of plastic enters the oceans each year, but it shows that individual consumption habits can change dramatically with a small nudge in the right direction. 


We often hear about the ambition of “zero waste” but it is often rejected as too ambitious and fantastical. But one small town in Japan has a solid plan to establish a completely wasteless town. As Business Insider reports, Residents and businesses of Kamikatsu are on a mission to become Japan’s first zero waste community by 2020. The town had previously incinerated all waste, but having recognised the awful impact on the environment, they began this ambitious plan which includes the sorting of waste into an astounding 34 categories. The town now recycles 80% of its waste with the other 20% going into landfill. You can watch a short documentary about Kamikatsu here. 

29 July 2016

Some Dutch entrepreneurs have managed to turn rain water into beer this summer

Welcome to your weekly waste briefing!


It’s been a very wet summer across Europe, with some of the rainiest summers ever recorded. Some business-minded brewers in Amsterdam, Netherlands have converted this into an opportunity, as reported in The Guardian. The De Prael brewery has created a 5.7% blond beer made from filter rain, organic barley, wheat, hops and yeast. The beer is currently on sale for a very reasonable €2 per bottle in various restaurants and bars across Amsterdam. That’s one way to deal with the rainy summer!


Over recent weeks we have been documenting the challenges made to the coffee shop industry on the sustainability of their cups. Last week Starbuck’s began trialing a new recyclable cups. reports on how another huge coffee chain is committing to a more sustainable business model. One way they are doing this is by replaying the traditional Mobius Loop symbol (the three arrows) with the clearer “Tidyman” in an aim to push for more responsible disposal of the cup. The aim is to offer “absolute clarity as to whether the cups can be recycled.” However, there is still a lot of work to do. This week, UK Politician Natalie Bennett (of the green party) this week requested a coffee be poured in her reusable cup, only to be rejected.  


Despite its bad reputation, the coffee industry is far away from being the most wasteful. After oil, it is the fashion industry that takes this unfavorable position. Clothing production has a poor reputation due to the levels of water usage and hazardous waste created in the production process. Whilst the situation remains poor and it is nonetheless an unacceptably wasteful industry, some labels are taking the initiative to end waste and create sustainable fashion. This long article by Forbes highlights how four major fashion brands are doing this.  Levis, for example have focused on reducing water waste and have developed “waterless” jeans which used 96% less water in the manufacturing process than previously.  Check out the article to see which other brands are trying to reduce their waste. 


Finally, for those of you in the UK, don’t forget to check out the new series of BBC’s War on Waste, to see how Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall’s attempts to bring sustainable waste management matters to a mainstream audience. If you do not have access, you can also check out the Twitter hashtag #wastenot -

22 July 2016

Much food waste can be avoided through freezing produce

Welcome to your Weekly Waste Briefing!


Most people tend to keep frozen food as it lasts longer, but many people still fail to properly take advantage of this, leading to far more food being wasted than necessary. In the U.K., the Food Standards Agency is launching an initiative to educate people on the myths of frozen food. According to The Guardian, over two thirds of people are throwing away foods that could instead be frozen like breads, leftover meals and fruits. The food standards agency states that “Much of this waste is unnecessary, and a better understanding of how to freeze food safely could go a significant way towards tackling the problem.” 


The USA is one of the world’s most wasteful countries when it comes to food, but the world’s biggest supermarket is aiming to make a dent in the country’s “$29bn food waste problem”. Walmart is attempting this by encouraging consumers to purchase imperfect produce and changing its approach to how foods are labelled. From next month, Walmart products will no longer have the “best by” or “use by” wording, but will instead say “Best if used by” – the aim here is to make customers aware that most products last much longer than they realise. They have also been doing a lot to repurpose their “misshapen” produce. Read more about Walmart’s initiative in this blog.


Many countries impose a fee on plastic bags in order to discourage using them, but France has just gone a step further in completely banning them from all stores including bakeries, butcher shops, grocery stores and pharmacies of all sizes. A further ban on plastic bags for produce will be enforced within a year. As reported by France 24, this ban is part of a wider initiative stemming from the 2015 energy bill and it also requires that stores are only allowed to offer recyclable or biodegradable bags to its customers. Currently, 5 billion plastic bags are handed out each year at cashiers. Hopefully this new legislation will put a dent in this figure.


Another big American company, Starbuck’s, have begun trialling a new recyclable cup in response to the recent backlash following the news that billions of disposable coffee cups are wasted every year. Most coffee chain cups, despite popular belief, are not recyclable. But in a new initiative, as reported by the Mail Online , Starbuck’s have responded to concerns by trialling a new British-designed cup made from materials which can be recovered and reused in the recycling process. Furthermore, Styrofoam cups are becoming a thing of the past with many places, San Francisco for example, imposing tough measures to ban or reduce them.

01 July 2016

Disposable Coffee Cups are finally being seen for the problem they are

Welcome to July and your Weekly Waste Briefing!


Earlier this year we reported on the unacceptable amount of waste generated by coffee chains and the disposable paper cups. 8 million coffees were sold each day in the UK in such cups, with only one in four being recycled. The heavy criticism that followed put pressure coffee chains to look into ways to reduce this. Just this week, in response to the problem, a manifesto was signed with the aim of significantly increasing paper cup recovery and recycling rates by 2020. As reported by Resource Magazine, various representatives from each stage of the cup supply chain have signed the pledge. As the article highlights, the manifesto pledges that:

“‘The paper cup supply chain agrees to work together to ensure paper cups are designed, used, disposed of and collected to maximise the opportunities for recycling by further investment and funding of recycling, disposal and collection projects.’”


Some of the largest companies in the country have signed the pledge including Starbuck’s, McDonald’s, Veolia, Costa and the British Soft Drinks Association. Let’s hope this can make a real difference.


This follows on from the news earlier this month reported in The Independent about a radical initiative turning disposable coffee cups into resin which could lead to a breakthrough in recycling unsustainable takeaway cups and reducing of waste. A resin, called “NextCupCycle” has been developed which can help convert the cups into a strong material which can be used for a range of practical products

Another consequence of modern consumption habits is the amount of plastic bottles we throw away. But one company has put these to good use, as reported by CNN. Graduates from universities in the United States this year will probably be wearing gowns made from recycled plastic bottles. One company is turning plastic bottles from PET into clothing, supplying over 1000 schools and colleges in the United States with graduation gowns. Take a look at the video in the article for an insight into the processes.


The idea of zero waste is gaining momentum especially among young people and The Guardian’s article recognises the efforts of the so-called “zero waste bloggers”. The article focuses on a blogger in the united states who is part of a wider, global movement of people who are promoting a zero-waste lifestyle in opposition to the increasingly wasteful consumption habits that exist. Their aim is to create 99% less waste than the average US Citizen (1lb per year, rather than 1,058). Many habits help form this lifestyle, some of which are very simple. Composting, refusing plastic cups, always carrying a re-usable water bottle etc. These are all very simple changes that any person can do in order to reduce their waste generation. 



10 June 2016

French authorities are working hard to ensure clean streets in time for the European Championships

The European football championships, one of the world’s most well-attended sporting events, begins today in Paris, France. That’s hundreds of thousands gathering in stadiums across the country over the next month, with at least 1.5 million more expected in the cities without tickets. This, combined with strikes taking place across the country, has burdened France with unsurmountable piles of garbage. “Paris Trash Piles Up Amid Strike Disruption Ahead of Euro 2016” cries the headline in Bloomberg as recent strikes about working laws have blocked waste collection across the city since Monday. They are also restricting access to the waste incinerator and are causing major restrictions to the 3000 tons of waste created each day by Parisians.Pictures in this piece by Reuters show enormous piles of waste gathering up in the grand boulevards of one of the world’s most grand cities. The solution by the French authorities has been to hire private contractors, but can they clear all of the waste in time for the big day? That’s unlikely. But it also raises the issue of how we deal with our waste on big occasions such as this. Last year, the world’s biggest music festival, Glastonbury in the UK was described by The Guardian as “an apocalypse of scrap metal, plastic bottles and abandoned tents.”


Away from the festivities, India is hardly well-known for public cleanliness and hygiene. But one village in Eastern India has been recognised as Asia’s cleanest. Residents of Mawlynnong, as reported by the BBC, are incredibly proud of the cleanliness of their village and everyone works together to ensure no garbage is left on the floors. Although India is infamous for discarded waste and unclean public spaces, a big “Clean India Mission” began in October 2014 with the goal of making India “clean” by October 2019, Mahatma Ghandi’s 150th birthday. As this report highlights, one of the major issues is public deification, something the Indian government hope to eradicate by the installation of large numbers of public toilets and new police sanitation inspection units.


Back to one of our most discussed issues – food waste. A new global food waste standard was announced this week by a consortium of organisations including the UN and a number of private and public organisations. Readers will be well aware of the shocking value of food waste (circa $940 billion annually) but these figures are often only estimates. This new standard, according to Reuters news agency, has established the first set of international definitions and reporting requirements for business and governments for measuring and managing food waste internationally. The aim is to accurately measure food waste in order to properly plan and manage the waste as the report states that “it is challenging to manage what you do not measure.” Read the press release above in full for further information on this new standard. 

03 June 2016

Plastic containers are are polluting the world's oceans, with most coming from China

Welcome to your Weekly Waste Briefing!


There are many arguments as to how we can reduce the amount of plastic being thrown away and entering the waterways and non-recyclable waste stream. One idea being discussed by the Indonesian government is to impose a levy (or tax) on plastic containers, much like the plastic bag fee that has been introduced many countries in Europe over recent years. As reported in the Wall Street Journal, the state has proposed a $1.4 levy on plastic bag containers following recent floods in Jakarta which left tons of plastic piled one meter high on the shore line exposing the extent of the problem. Indonesia, with its population of 220 million people, is the world’s second highest ocean contaminator with plastic waste. For more information and statistics on the shocking state of plastic waste check out this video from the Wall Street Journal.


Others have promoted biodegradable plastic water bottles and shopping bags as a sustainable alternative to help reduce the enormous amount of plastic ocean waste. However, the UN’s top scientists have warned that this is a false solution, as highlighted in The Guardian.  According to  Jacqueline McGlade, UNEP’s chief scientist, this good intentioned solution is wrong. Why? Because most such plastics will only disintegrate at temperatures above 50 Celsius which is not possible in the oceans. Furthermore, this type of plastic actually proves more difficult to break down in the recycling process at a time when we are constantly arguing for better collection and recycling.


Over in the United States celebrity chefs are pressing congress on the major issue of food waste. The New York Times reports on a number of high-profile chefs who are making their way to Capitol Hill to testify and call for the legislators to take action and help raise the level of public consciousness on how much food is being wasted – roughly seven billion lbs annually in the United States. The article also notes how pressure groups are increasingly considering ways to redirect some of this food to those in need.


Last week we reported on the tech firm who is helping restaurant reduce their food waste. Well it turns out they are just one of a number who are helping, not just in the catering industry but in the agricultural and food production industry. The Guardian have called this concept the “OK Cupid for unwanted fruit and veg” in their long article linked above. It tells the story of Zoe Wong who, upon moving to the State’s largest agricultural state, California, was shocked to discover the amount of fruits of vegetables thrown away by farmers simply for being “misshaped”. She established an app “Cerplus” which aimed to take this unwanted produce and sell them off at 30% of the retail price.


This article in fashion magazine, Vanity Fair, highlights a number of other apps and start-ups popping up across California with similar goals. Huge amounts of money are being raised from donations from major celebrities including UN Environmental Spokesman, Leonardo Dicaprio.

27 May 2016

The illegal dumping of tyres remains a problem, even in parts of Europe.

Welcome to your Weekly Waste Briefing!


Earlier this month a huge toxic fire at a tyre dump in Sesena, Spain forced a mass evacuation with the majority of the population of the small town fleeing their homes. The extent of the fire, which is highlighted in a video on BBC News was such that it required 10 fire trucks and an entire day to put out. The dumping site for tyres represents a significant environmental burden and was actually declared illegal back in 2003, sadly it still exists and the dangers have been highlighted by this fire.


Illegal dumping of waste remains a huge problem, not just in developing countries but all over the world. As reported by ABC News, the Australian EPA are currently cracking down on the illegal dumping of waste. In the report, a representative of the EPA describes the practice as “environmental crime” “and we want to stamp it out". Our thoughts exactly!


This shows us that the current waste problem is global and is the responsibility of everyone. It is arguable that westerners obliviousness to the issue is part of the problem, as indicated by the LA Times. The mounting global waste problem, or even crisis, is one of the greatest dangers to public health and the environment, the threats of which are imminent unless drastic changes are made. The world bank predicts that waste generation could raise to 4 billion tonnes per year within the century, a terrifying prospect. This alarming article points out the amount of waste generated across the world, with the United States and China leading the way. Yet at the same time, many of these people remain ignorant to the crisis, especially in the United States where a flat fee for garbage collection is installed. We urge you to check out our Global Waste Management Outlook for a full analysis of the current waste crisis.


Many claim to have the solution to this waste crisis, but we should not fall into the trap of thinking that technology alone can be the answer. As detailed in D Waste Dive, which also elaborates on the report by the World Bank, technology can only be part of the solution. World Bank expert, Ijjasz-Vasquez, warns that by taking waste away so efficiently, people are inclined to throw away more and are unaware of any waste problems. He calls for more viable collection processes and better governance, amongst many required changes.


But it’s not all bad news! Check out this couple in The Netherlands who are living in a house made entirely of waste! These two architects, as this story in The Guardian highlights, are in the process of building a home from old construction waste supplied by a Dutch Start-up. Talking of start-ups, food waste has featured heavily in the news recently and awareness is very much on the up and a number of small start-up companies are playing their part in helping raise this issue further. This article in The Guardian, warns how a staggering $80 billion of food waste is created annually by restaurants worldwide. But one London-based start-up has attempted to begin tackling the problem with its meter for food waste. Since 2013, the company has already saved its customers 2million GBP in food waste. Check out the article to see how this company is helping its customers reduce is food waste by an incredible 50%.




Friday April 15th 2016

What's in your garbage bags?

Welcome to your Weekly Waste Briefing!


This week is “World Recycling Week” for H&M and they are encouraging people to bring their unwanted clothes, odd socks, old torn pajamas and any other unusable garments to their stores for recycling. According to H&M, 95% of clothes that are thrown away are reusable and recycling one t-shirt can save 555 gallons of water. The clothing retailer are are offering recycling points across its 3000 stores worldwide. They even made a music video, which you can see on Vogue magazine here. It might not be to everyone’s taste…


If you’re reading this, you probably know a little bit about waste. Have you ever wondered what is in a fellow waste expert's trash? The BBC paid a visit to Margaret Bates, ISWA Member and Professor of sustainable waste management at Northampton University, UK. They went through her trash to reveal 2.2kg of glass recycling, 4.4kg of paper and card and 1.5kg of non-recyclables amongst others. The article also attempts to trace the paths of the waste once it is collected, where plastics, for example, normally find their way to China (and sometimes back to the UK!)


There are many ways to reduce what you might be putting in your trash at home and the Daily Mail has put together a guide highlighting the unlikely foods that many throw away but can be frozen, getting up to six months more out of them. The article includes tips for freezing cheese, eggs, avocados, hummus, herbs and spices and even some vegetables.


The United States, one of the planet’s great consumers (and waste creators), is finally joining the fight against food waste by acknowledging that it poses a significant problem to the planet. The National Geographic reports that the United States is spending a staggering “$218 billion producing, transporting and discarding food that isn’t eaten” and the article estimates that reducing that waste by 20% would yield $100 billion in societal economic benefits across a decade. These figures have led the US government to finally take action and the US Department of Agriculture and Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) have set a strong target of reducing food waste across the country by 50% by the year 2030. A consortium of businesses, government leaders and NGOs have come together to set up ReFED which has put together a very comprehensive plan to reduce food waste and have calculated the economic benefits, potential emission reductions, water saved and much more.


The economic potential of waste has been well documented recently and it is estimated by the Economic Times of India that there is a $13 billion industry waiting to be tapped into. At present, waste collection and treatment is a fragmented sector in India with little backing from big business. In a country where around 39 people work as manual waste-pickers, waste collection is still without industry status. The article calls on the Indian government to back the schemes and help encourage employment and business growth within waste management. 

Friday April 1st 2016

8 million coffee cups are used every day in the UK alone.

Welcome to your weekly waste briefing for April 1st!.


How often do you pick up a takeaway coffee on your way to work? Does it come in a plastic or cardboard cup? If so, what do you do with the cup afterwards? The volume of coffee being served in disposable cups on a daily basis is absolutely staggering, with coffee chains in the UK alone handing out 8 million per day. And that figure, according to The Guardian, is a conservative estimate. The report adds that fewer than 1 in 400 of these are actually being recycled. The article goes on to discuss the problem in detail and offers some suggestions to help reduce the situation.


It is not just coffee cups that are using up resources and creating waste; modern consumption habits have encouraged so many single-use packaged products. In a video already seen by almost 10 million followers, actor Jeff Bridges urges people to avoid convenience products individually wrapped in plastic, say no to straws and to consider how they take home goods. He recorded the video on behalf of the Plastic Pollution Coalition, a group of individuals and organisations whose mission is to stop plastic pollution and encourage everyone to reject plastic goods.


Much of this plastic finds its way into our oceans where it is seriously endangering marine life. Earlier this year, a number of Sperm Whales were discovered starving and stranded off the North Sea coast of Germany. Further tests discovered that they had large amounts of plastic waste in their stomachs. Although the plastics did not lead to the Whales being stranded, this report by the National Geographic nonetheless highlights the danger of plastic to the endangered species, detailing how objects such as old car parts are being consumed and causing serious health issues, including heart failure, to marine life.


On a more positive ending, recent figures released by the EU this week show that waste generation across the continent continues to decrease. For 8 consecutive years the amount of waste generated per person has decreased according to Resource Magazine. The average European is creating 475kg of waste compared to 527kg in 2002. Read the article to find out how this waste is handled and treated in each country.



Friday 24 March 2016

Food waste once again features heavily in our blog

Welcome to your weekly waste briefing for March 24.


What the supermarkets and fast food chains dispose of their food waste has been in the spotlight recently following the news that both France and Italy have passed legislation, ordering supermarkets to give any food waste to charities. Now Starbuck’s in the United States are in on the act and have pledged to give 100% of their food waste to charity. As reported in the Independent, the chain has 7,600 stores across America and will be working with a food donation charity to ensure that the unsold products go towards feeding those in need, rather than into the waste stream.


This news comes shortly after a surplus food supermarket opened in Denmark. The store “Wefood”, which opened in Copenhagen earlier this month, as reported by The Telegraph, will be selling produced that has past its labelled “sell by” date but is very much safe to eat. It is estimated that at least half of the food we through away in Europe is still edible and safe for consumption. But with food waste being so prominent in the news of late, hopefully a change is taking place.  More can and should be done, of course, and the British Medical Journal has called for UK Supermarkets to cut food waste by 20%over the next decade and suggests the government take legislative action to expedite this. 


Did you know that there are over one billion Apple products in active use across the world? And that is just one brand, so imagine how many smart phones and tablets find their way into the municipal waste stream. To counter this, Apple have developed a robot – Liam – who will take apart disposed iPhones and recover valuable materials that are recyclable. As discussed in Yahoo Finance, the technology has been under development for three years and finally began full operation last month, recovering valuable elements from the iPhone such as aluminium, gold, copper, tungsten etc.


Continuing the subject of e-waste, according The Times of India, new rules recently enforced by the Indian government extended e-waste disposal incentives to consumers who hand over old electronic goods to registered dealers and retailers. There will also be financial penalties for manufacturers who violate the new e-waste legislations. You can read more about the new legislation in the article above.


Thanks for reading and we wish you a happy Easter weekend!



Friday 11 March 2016

Dump sites are accommodating over 40% of the world’s waste

Welcome to your weekly waste briefing for March 11.


We were very pleased to read this week that the World Bank have reiterated what ISWA has been long arguing – that good solid waste management is fundamental to sustainable development. In a report by the World Bank, the importance of waste management is acknowledged and backed up by the shocking statistic that “More than half the world’s population does not have access to regular trash collection” and that “Unregulated or illegal dump sites serve about 4 billion people and hold over 40% of the world’s waste”. These terrifying numbers won’t come as a surprise to regular visitors to ISWA’s website, but wider recognition is nonetheless significant.  


In Europe our recycling habits are very much taken as normal and instilled into our daily routines, but they still vary from country to country and can take some adjusting for new people. In an article in the New York Times, Katharina Heinrich writes about her experiences in moving to Switzerland and how she came across a very hefty fine for incorrectly disposing of her paper waste. However, recycling attitudes still need to improve across Europe if the waste crisis is to be addressed. In the UK, the BBC are reporting a “waste apathy” with recent data showing that household waste rising 30% in most regions at the same time as household recycling rates are falling to an average of 35%. They blame this reduction in household recycling on “green fatigue”.


However, a number of groups are aiming to reduce the amount of food we dispose of. In this article, The Guardian highlights the number of groups who are working very hard to ensure that food disposed of by supermarkets, stores and those that do not make it to supermarkets, still make it to the consumers in some form, even if it is made into beer.


Ocean Waste continues to make the headlines and this article from The Guardian remains very relevant. According to the report, 40% of global waste is coming from just China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Therefore it is waters of East Asia which are most at risk. The report, which was conducted by Ocean Conservancy, indicates how the situation can be improved upon with four key actions which can help significantly reduce the amount of litter in the surrounding oceans. Better transportation, dump sites, better recycling, and cross-sector collaboration are all detailed in the report. 

Friday 26 February 2016

There is an e-waste problem in the world. Picture: Getty Images.

Welcome to your Weekly Waste Briefing from ISWA!


In an effort to reduce unnecessary waste, the city of Hamburg has banned plastic coffee capsules from all public office buildings. Coffee pods and capsules have become increasingly popular over the past decade for a quick and convenient shot of coffee. But the pods, which account for one third of the coffee consumed in Western Europe, have been described as an “unnecessary resource” causing “consumption and waste generation, and often contain polluting aluminium" in a report detailed here by BBC Magazine.


The coffee pods contain three grams of packaging for every six grams of coffee, but resource inefficiency is even more staggering in household meat. According to a report by the Guardian, UK Households waste 34,000 tonnes of beef every year. That represents round £260m worth of raw and cooked beef items, as outlined by the “Meaty Issues” campaign by Love Food Hate Waste. If UK households are wasting this much meat, imagine what the figures might be across the rest of the world.


But waste is being taken more seriously by those who matter following 2015’s climate change agreement in Paris. ISWA President, David Newman was at the event and found that good waste management was being recognised as a critical component in reducing our carbon outputs. Reducing waste, recycling and composting are equally as important as other leading climate solutions indicates this article by Waste 360. Read the article in full for a detailed explanation as to why waste matters in the climate change debate.


As the global population grows, more waste is being generated every single day. According to the New Yorker, our daily waste creation is the equivalent weight as a million elephants. The article features a series of images taken by photographer Paul Bulteel who has captured a series of images from recycling plants in Europe to illustrate just how much waste we are creating.  


But it is not just food waste, there is “an e-waste problem in the world” says Apple’s head of environmental affairs, Lisa Jackson speaking with Bloomberg Business. Apple collected 40,000 tonnes of e-waste in 2014 and are looking into ways to make every component within the iPhone recyclable. Read the article to find out where your iphone goes when it dies. 





Friday 19 February 2016

The problem of plastic in the world's oceans is now a "critical problem"

Welcome to your Weekly Waste Briefing for Friday 19th February 2016!


One of the UK’s largest cheese manufacturers is making good use of the waste generated by its cattle. They have been converting the cattle’s excrement into methane gas, which is creating enough gas to fuel 6,000 homes in the region. The farm is creating 73 million kW/h of biogas each year and has a direct link to the national grid which fuels family homes. You can read the full story in the BBC here. Many dairy farms across Europe are doing something similar and this shows the huge potential of organic waste and that even animal excrement has a use.


Environmental Leader also reported this week on creative ways of monetising waste with biogas technology. It notes how various companies, like Biogest, are encouraging farmers to treat and process their waste with this technology, creating energy from their waste.


India’s third largest city, Bangalore, has recently adopted a “no landfill” policy and is also investing heavily into biogas, as The Hindu reports. With food being one of the largest waste streams, the municipality are realising it as a resource. Their ambition is to have a mid-size biogas plant in every district to help process the staggering 2,500 tonnes of wet waste produced daily.


Meanwhile in Australia the Senate has opened an inquiry into the problem of marine litter. In a report by the Guardian, the ocean waste situation is described as “critical” for the global ecosystem and subsequently for human health. The Senate has heard from a number of marine biologists and experts who have warned that the microscopic plastic pieces coming from household products such as toothpaste and soap are killing the marine wildlife in significant numbers. 


On the subject of marine litter, a team of nature enthusiasts and film makers are currently putting together a documentary film “A Plastic Ocean” which aims to highlight the dangerous consequences of modern lifestyles and consumption habits and the amount of plastic waste we create. The film makers are hoping to educate the public and the industries on the necessary changes to clean up the oceans. You can watch the trailer and find out more about the film and the people behind it here.

Friday 12 February 2016

Dumpsites are responsible for serious health issues across the developing world and ISWA is calling for immediate action (Picture: Getty Images)

ISWA has been trying to raise attention to the global dumpsite problem recently, with its Wasted Health paper calling for immediate action to combat the serious human and environmental health risks posed by dumpsites. This is emphasised by the dumpsite in Mumbai, India which recently caught fire. This is the largest dumpsite in the city which receives over 4,000 tonnes of waste each day, so large that the fire could be seen from space. You can see the NASA'S satellite images in this fascinating video recently published by CNN.


A lack of waste infrastructure and the negative health impacts can be seen all across the developing world, with Reuters pointing out how poor solid waste management is one of the key factors in the large number of diseases in the informal settlements of Nairobi.


In the UK, the recent floods which effected huge parts of Northern England have caused millions of pounds of damage, creating 30.000 tonnes of waste, all of which had to go to landfills with an estimated landfill tax bill of £2.25m. This report in the Guardian shows how climate change and waste management are heavily linked and how we need to better prepare our waste management infrastructure to manage such natural disasters.


New ideas are being explored in order to mitigate climate change following December’s pledge to reduce emissions. One incineration plant in Oslo, Norway has commenced an experiment to establish the feasibility of capturing the carbon dioxide from the emissions of the waste-to-energy plant. As reported by news agency, Reuters , the incinerator currently emits 300,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide a year. But these new tests hope to capture the emissions and utilise them in oil and gas fields. It is a long way off yet, with tests having only just begun.

Friday 5 February 2016

Buenos Aires has employed over 5,000 litter pickers in attempt to move from landfill recycling (Picture: Getty Images)

As of Wednesday this week, France became the first country in the world to ban supermarkets from throwing away unsold food items. As covered this week in The Guardian, instead of sending the food to the residual waste, French supermarkets are now obliged to donate the unsold food items to food banks or charities. The supermarkets will also be banned from spoiling food to prevent foragers. Campaigners are hoping that France is first of many countries to adopt such an attitude to food waste. The Guardian have also produced a fascinating infographic to help comprehend really how much food is being wasted each year, you may be surprised!


Meanwhile in the UK, one of the country’s largest supermarkets has adopted a new policy of putting “ugly vegetables” on their shelves. Many supermarkets waste significant food as they refuse to stock so called “ugly” or misshaped vegetables.


However, Asda is setting the trend by selling these misshapen vegetables at discounted prices, as reported by The Guardian.

For more detailed reading on the food waste situation, take a look at this feature article in Greenbiz, which discusses how food waste can be tackled going forward now that the “big hitters” such as the United Nations see it as a major humanitarian and environmental imperative.


In China, a huge effort is being made to move towards cleaner energy. A Beijing based company has, according to The Financial Times, bought German WtE Company “Energy from Waste” (EEW) for a staggering $1.6Billion! This extraordinary deal shows that China is serious about dealing with its waste as the country embarks on a huge waste-infrastructure rebuilding programme. As News Agency Reuter’s points out, clean energy is very much in demand in China as the country attempts to reduce its pollution output and reliance on landfill.


Also in an attempt to reduce landfill reliance, Argentina’s capital, Buenos Aires, is investing in a number of recycling schemes in order to reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills. The city has been formalising the litter pickers on the street, offering them a base salary and a more secure livelihood with social security and pensions. You can read the full report in The Guardian about how the government’s “Green City” plan has recruited over 5,000 litter pickers who are now in secure employment and take their recyclables (plastic bottles, cardboard newspapers etc) to the sorting trucks were they are separated and then recycled.


Another innovative recycling scheme has been in operation in the Indian city of Chandigarh since December 2015. The Indian Express documents how a company has begun offering a door-to-door recycling service which assists residents in selling their household recyclables and junk such as newspapers, plastic, glass, metal, tyres and also electronic waste (refrigerators and other household electricals.) The founder of the project says he wants to encourage a habit of recycling amongst the residents of the city. 

Friday 29 January 2016

Reduction of food waste was made a priority during the COP21 discussions last year

One brewery in the UK has come up with a unique and innovative way to tackle food waste by turning excess bread into profit. The beer, called “Toast”, as reported by The Independent, uses one slice of bread for each bottle from surplus supplies taken from bakeries and sandwich makers. The beer is being produced by food waste campaign group, Feedback whose mission is to reduce global food waste through innovative solutions such as this Toast Beer.


It is clear that food waste is one of our greatest challenges in the expanding, modern world, which is why Champions 12.3 was founded last week at Davos. As reported by a number of sources, the group consists of CEOs, government ministers and civil society leaders who will “increase political and social momentum to achieve Target 12.3 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals” Chapter 12.3, as agreed upon in December’s Climate Conference is to “halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer level, and reduce food losses along production and supply chains including post-harvest losses” You can meet all of the food waste champions on the Champions 12.3 website here. They will be lobbying governments and directing various campaigns over the coming years.


One significant constraint in limiting food waste individual perceptions. As reported by The Guardian, UK citizens are throwing away twice as much food as they think. A survey found that 81% of people have a much more positive understanding of how much food waste they are creating - believing that they throw away half as much as they actually do. The reality is that families are putting a staggering £58 (€76) worth of food in the trash each month. 


The Circular Economy remains an important theme since the release of the EU Circular Economy Package last December and research suggests that closing the loops could save organisations both small and large serious money. Research highlighted by CNBC suggests that greater resource efficiency could save companies a staggering $25trillion by 2050. The circular approach is a hot topic at the moment and you can read more about this in ISWA’s recent reports by the Task Force on Resource Management.


Meanwhile, the ISWA Scholarship Programme is gaining momentum as noted in the blog of ISWA Young Professional Zoë Lenkiewicz who has written an excellent piece on the work of Timothy Bouldry, who is organising and overseeing the ISWA Scholarship Programme. The programme will take 19 children out of work from a dumpsite in Nicaragua and provide them with clothing, educational materials and a sustenance allowance for two years.  

Friday, 22 January 2016

The amount of plastic waste in the world's oceans is expected to increase exponentially over the next ten years unless action is taken.

The World Economic Forum (WEF), where the world’s leaders from both the public and private sectors gathered to discuss a number of global concerns, concluded on Friday. A new report was released at this year’s WEF in Switzerland which suggested that waste will outweigh fish in the world’s oceans if we do not take drastic action and improve how we dispose of it. The report, which has been widely reported such as this article in The Washington Post, was conducted in partnership with The Ellen MacArthur Foundation, also warns that plastic waste is becoming a major issue with 95% of plastic packaging being lost after single use.


The study, The New Plastics Economy: Rethinking the Future of Plastics, can be read in full here. 


In more positive news, scientists have a plan to remove many of the millions of tonnes of plastic waste which finds its way into our oceans, according to The Independent. The clean-up project intends to remove the plastics when they first enter the ocean before they can do any real harm by using 100km-long, inflatable booms aligned across sea currents along the coast lines of the most densely populated countries such as China. The Ocean Cleanup Foundation are currently testing the technology off the coast of the Netherlands and hope to implement it on a larger scale following a crowd-funding effort and hope to significantly reduce the amount of plastic polluting our oceans and being consumed by marine life.


Meanwhile British businessman, Alan Parker has raised $3.3Million in venture capital which will be used to help eradicate food waste from the hospitality industry. As reported in The Telegraph, the start-up, Winnow, has “created a system that weighs food waste bins, recording what items are binned and why” which will allow the industry to order and prepare produce more effectively, reducing its waste.


The more the global population grows, the more efficient we need to be with our food. Yet more than a third of the food we produce goes uneaten according to an article in Business Insider. However, an American initiative is investing $130 million in projects which aim to tackle food waste. According to the United Nations, we produce enough food to feed the entire planet, yet many crops go wasted in Africa. Therefore YieldWise, an initiative by the Rockerfeller Foundation hope that their projects can help cut food waste in half by 2030.