Forward from the President
Dear friends, colleagues and ISWA members,
2017 ends on a real high-note for ISWA!
I would like to take this opportunity to thank the entire ISWA community for their hard-work, commitment and dedication to the association over the last month, and throughout 2017. You have enabled ISWA to grow and raise our profile within the international community to new heights.
We were honoured to be part of the 3rd United Nations Environment Assembly earlier this month, which concluded with a series of resolutions that emphasised the need for better waste management. “sound waste management must be assigned the highest priority” was the resounding conclusion – directly echoing the calls from ISWA.
The Ministerial Declaration approved in Nairobi is remarkable and was a consensus among the world's highest-level body on environmental matters and sets a commitment to deal with this global health emergency posed by unmanaged waste worldwide.
On the subject of health, I must thank ISWA Board Member Derek Greedy for his intervention at the Executive Board of the World Health Organisation (WHO), where he presented the undeniable links between human health and waste management. We were also honoured with invitations to COP23 and signed a declaration with several partners and the Ellen MacArthur Foundation on oxo-degradable plastics.
Finally, we launched the new Global E-waste Monitor with our partners – United Nations University and the International Telecoms Union. E-waste is an emblematic by-product of our rapid technological transformation and this analysis of the global e-waste situation is a fundamental step forward in coming up with solutions.
This final newsletter of 2017 reflects some incredible achievements and elaborates on the great progress I just touched upon. We are on the right path and the future is very, very bright for ISWA. Look out for some exciting announcements early next year – we have big news on the way!
Until then, enjoy the holidays!
All the best,
44.7 million metric tonnes (Mt) of e-waste generated in 2016
Did you know that 44.7 million tonnes of #eWaste were generated in 2016 with just 20% recycled? The Global E-Waste Monitor 2017 is a collaborative effort of ISWA, the United Nations University and the International Telecommunication Union.
“We live in a time of transition to a more digital world, where automation, sensors and artificial intelligence are transforming all the industries, our daily lives and our societies. E-waste is the most emblematic by-product of this transition and everything shows that it will continue to grow at unprecedented rates" says ISWA President Antonis Mavropoulos, considering the new report.
"Finding the proper solutions for e-waste management is a measure of our ability to utilise the technological advances to stimulate a wasteless future and to make circular economy a reality for this complex waste stream that contains valuable resources.” Mr Mavropoulos concluded.
In 2016 the world generated e-waste — everything from end-of-life refrigerators and television sets to solar panels, mobile phones and computers — equal in weight to almost nine Great Pyramids of Giza, 4,500 Eiffel Towers, or 1.23 million fully loaded 18-wheel 40-ton trucks - enough to form a line 28,160 km long, the distance from New York to Bangkok and back.
Experts foresee a further 17% increase to 52.2 million metric tonnes of e-waste by 2021 — the fastest growing part of the world’s domestic waste stream.
The Global E-waste Monitor 2017, launched today, is a collaborative effort of the United Nations University (UNU), represented through its Sustainable Cycles (SCYCLE) Programme hosted by UNU's Vice-Rectorate in Europe, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), and the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA).
Only 20% of 2016’s e-waste is documented to have been collected and recycled despite rich deposits of gold, silver, copper, platinum, palladium and other high value recoverable materials. The conservatively estimated value of recoverable materials in last year’s e-waste was US $55 billion, which is more than the 2016 Gross Domestic Product of most countries in the world.
About 4% of 2016’s e-waste is known to have been thrown into landfills; 76% or 34.1 Mt likely ended up incinerated, in landfills, recycled in informal (backyard) operations or remain stored in our households. On a per capita basis, the report shows a rising trend as well. Falling prices now make electronic and electrical devices affordable for most people worldwide while encouraging early equipment replacement or new acquisitions in wealthier countries.
As a result, the average worldwide per capita e-waste generated was 6.1 kilograms, up 5% from 5.8 kg in 2014.
The highest per capita e-waste generators (at 17.3 kilograms per inhabitant) were Australia, New Zealand and the other the nations of Oceania, with only 6% formally collected and recycled.
Europe (including Russia) is the second largest generator of e-waste per inhabitant with an average of 16.6 kg per inhabitant. However, Europe has the highest collection rate (35%).
The Americas generates 11.6 kg per inhabitant and collects only 17%, comparable to the collection rate in Asia (15%). However, at 4.2 kg per inhabitant, Asia generates only about one third of America’s e-waste per capita. Africa, meanwhile, generates 1.9 kg per inhabitant, with little information available on its collection rate.
We are very proud to have played an important role in this ground-breaking E-Waste monitor, which you can read now on the ISWA Knowledge base here.
ISWA at UNEA3: “Sound waste management must be assigned the highest priority”
“Sound waste management must be assigned the highest priority” agreed 200 nations at the third United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA3 at Nairobi, Kenya) – echoing calls from ISWA.
UNEA3 represents the world's highest-level decision-making body on environmental matters. This year, the Assembly put the spotlight on pollution as an urgent human health crisis.
According to ISWA’s President, Antonis Mavropoulos, “The Ministerial Declaration approved in Nairobi is remarkable, as it was a consensus among the world's highest-level body on environmental matters, and very important for the future of our planet and the human health, as it sets a commitment to deal with this global health emergency posed by unmanaged waste worldwide.”
Dr Costas Velis, Chair of ISWA’s Marine Litter Task Force, from the School of Civil Engineering at University of Leeds, UK, presented the work which details the links between unsound waste management and the generation of plastic marine litter. ISWA’s contribution to the dialogue was part of the high-level debate was initiated by Vidar Helgesen, Minister of Climate and Environment, Norway alongside representatives from environmental ministries of China and Nigeria and ISWA’s National Member representative from Norway, CEO of Avfall Norge, Nancy Strand.
According to Dr Velis, “UNEA3 made clear that sound waste management is a global environment priority with profound potential to put an end to marine litter. UNEA’s resolutions appeal for a dramatic and fundamental change in the provision of waste management infrastructure in the Global South.”
The resolution (UNEP/EA.3/L.20) made very specific recommendations at a global level, which are fully aligned with the evidence and recommendations presented by the Task Force, including:
- (to) “develop and implement action plans for preventing marine litter and microplastics, encouraging resource efficiency, including prevention and increasing collection and recycling rates of plastic waste and re-design and re-use of products, materials and avoiding the unnecessary use of plastic and plastic containing chemicals of particular concern where appropriate.”
- (to) “prioritize policies and measures at appropriate scale, to avoid marine litter and microplastics entering the marine environment.”
Why are UN Environment assigning the highest priority to solid waste management in combating marine litter?
ISWA’s Marine Litter Task Force report (Prevent Marine Plastic Litter - Now!) provides detailed evidence on the links between a lack of infrastructure and inappropriate waste management practices and the generation of marine litter. The only way to turn the tide on marine litter is to tackle the problem at source. This means providing waste collection infrastructure for the 2-billion people who currently live without . Specifically, sound waste and resource management can lead the fight against plastic marine litter pollution if three key areas are prioritized:
- Provide waste collection services for all
- Close open dumpsites near waterbodies
- Stop littering and fly-tipping
“The momentum shows that the messages from the new ISWA report must be heard and implemented all over the world. This way we are calling everyone to play an active role towards sustainable waste management, as it is the only way to keep plastics out of the oceans - and we have to do it now!”, concludes ISWA’s President.
ISWA is working with all stakeholders across the international community in all parts of the world to bring an end to the global waste crisis – and therefore preventing marine litter at source.
Costas also had the chance to visit the Dandora dumpsite - one of the largest in Africa. Take a look at some of the pictures to the right.
ISWA at the World Health Organisation (WHO)
At the invitation of the Executive Board of the World Health Organisation (WHO) to present a statement to assist in the drafting of the thirteenth General Programme of Works Board Member, Derek Greedy attended the special meeting held 22nd – 23rd November in Geneva. Derek was invited to deliver a statement in the session for non-state actors on the 22nd of November. Here is the statement he delivered:
“Unmanaged waste dumpsites are a global health emergency. According to ISWA’s study, dumpsites receive roughly 40% of the world’s waste and serve 3-4 billion people. Exposure to open dumpsites has a more negative impact on a population’s life expectancy than malaria. The hazardous emissions, along with the obvious immediate physical threats, make dumpsites a severe danger to human health.
Inadequate waste management, in the form of unmanaged waste dumpsites, can have very serious environmental and human health impacts over long periods of time. It is therefore essential that they be managed in a safe and responsible way. ISWA calls on the global community to recognize sustainable, sound waste and resource management as a social and economic necessity with a vital role in the satisfaction of basic human health.
Furthermore, there is a need to consider sound waste management in the context of the SDGs, in particular 3.9: “by 2030 substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water, and soil pollution and contamination.” It is essential to strengthen national policy development and enhance capacity in the areas of waste management strategy, impact assessment, and the use of economic and regulatory instruments, as well as in the areas of information, education and communication.
ISWA calls upon the global community, in accordance with the integrated approach, to play a significant role in financing, as well as to build capacity for the closure of inadequately managed waste dumpsites. ISWA encourages the global community to assign high priority, in accordance with specific national needs and conditions, to the formulation and implementation of policies and programmes for integrated waste management.
ISWA calls on states to provide an enabling national and international environment that encourages investments from public and private sources to establish market-based incentives which allows for better investment in waste management infrastructure.
Over the coming years, the closure of inadequate waste dumpsite must be an urgent international priority in order to protect the health of hundreds of millions of people worldwide. ISWA will work with the international community to set clear examples of how to close dumpsites in a sustainable manner, but we call on the global community to share the priority.”
Interestingly WHO has set itself a triple billion target for the duration of the Programme of Works 2019-2023. That is 1 billion more people with health coverage, 1 billion more people made safer and 1 billion with their lives improved. Closing dumpsites alone would more than achieve the 1 billion with their lives improved.
As regards the improvement of lives for the 1 billion, WHO will support countries in attaining the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by focusing in four key areas one of which is the health effects of climate change and the environment which again fits very nicely with ISWA’s own priorities.
The Director General made it abundantly clear that the General Programme of Works would align itself with the now established and well recognised SDGs whilst recognising that it needs to rewrite its business model. Business as usual is not an option. He is seeking to continue the dialogue with member states and the Non-State Actors such as ISWA. The business model would need to be ambitious but with achievable and measurable targets. Like ourselves he sees Africa as a priority but was seeking to have a presence in every country. He also saw a need for improved data collection and monitoring.
The aim is now for the secretariat to consolidate the comments received and to prepare a final draft for the Executive Board to approve in January 2018. However, it had not been dismissed that there might still be a need for a further special session should further clarity be required.
ISWA must be part of any further dialogue and continue to foster collaboration between the 2 organisations. ISWA already has a strong working relationship with WHO with the Working Group on Healthcare Waste having established a close cooperation and the preparation of a blue book on healthcare waste, a book that should be fostered to generate action in other areas where waste management has an impact on health. The closure of dumpsites is just one of those areas.
COP23: Circular economy - Climate Change Solution?
ISWA once again participated and closely followed the negotiations of the Conference of the Parties (COP)23 of the United Nations Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC), 6th - 17th November 2017 in Bonn, Germany.
Coming two years after the historic Paris Agreement in 2015 the COP23 provided a platform to clarify an enabling framework to make the agreement fully operational and accelerate the transformation to sustainable, resilient and climate safe development.
ISWA, along with partners from Chatham House and Development Alternatives, co-organized a session on circular economy and low carbon development. Gary Crawford, ISWA board member and Chair of the Working Group on Climate Change & Waste Management stressed on the potential of the waste and resource management sector as key in contributing to the circular economy and achieving climate targets.
ISWA was also active on spreading the waste & resource management messages on other high-level panels such as one on “The private sector’s roles in improving municipal waste management to mitigate climate change” and “Circular economy and Climate Change Mitigation: Opportunities for NDC implementation in developing and emerging countries”.
The key messages emerging from these sessions were that the waste and resource management sector occupies a unique position as a potential net reducer of GHG emissions by using proven and cost-effective technologies and approaches that can be applied immediately and deliver substantial GHG/SLCP emission reductions along with significant sustainable development co-benefits. Further, that countries should integrate and prioritise waste and resource strategies in plans and initiatives including their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). And lastly that the Circular Economy is one potentially powerful mitigation solution that could lead to even greater emission reductions.
Horizon 2020 project supported by ISWA gets off to a good start
We are excited to announce that ECOBULK project, funded by Horizon 2020, has officially started its 4-year long journey towards formulating new materials and design models for the circular economy.
This one of a kind large-scale demonstration project spanning three industries – automotive, furniture and construction – focuses on bulky composite materials, which are a significant obstacle to mainstream adoption of circular economy models. Complex composite products are popular in new industrial designs because of their advantageous properties, but they are difficult to recycle.
As prof. Ruud Balkenende of TU Delft remarked during his presentation on circular design frameworks for the three product sectors, 'From a design perspective, linear product recycling is coincidental'. ECOBULK, with its complete development of design and production strategies for circular products, eliminates this coincidence and replaces it with the promise of longer product lifecycles and a higher retention of value at the end-of-life stage. A promise which we need to fulfill in the face of limited resources, economic burden and environmental threat.
Last week the consortium partners from all over the Europe met in Barcelona to discuss progress in the early stages of ECOBULK. The consortium, 27 members in total, is a group of designers, material and product manufacturers, waste managers and recyclers, who, supported by environmental analysts, will demonstrate the value and feasibility of a circular approach to composite products. In this newsletter, you can read about some of the interesting first steps taken in this project and presented during the meeting.
ISWA joins 150 organisations in call to ban oxo-degradable plastic packaging
The Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s New Plastics Economy initiative recently published a statement calling for a ban oxo-degradable plastic packaging.
Oxo-degradable plastics, most commonly used for carrier bags and food packaging, are causing long-term harm to our planet. The contribution of these plastics to pollution poses an environmental risk as they break down and enter our coastal and marine areas. These microplastics are becoming an inescapable part of our marine ecosystem, even entering our food chain. Therefore, a host of signatories are adding their voice to the call for a complete ban. ISWA has been joined by big businesses, NGOs, and associations including PepsiCo, Unilever, Veolia, WWF, Greenpeace amongst many.
What are oxo-degradable plastics? They are plastics containing a series of chemical additives intended to accelerate the oxidation and fragmentation process, leading to a more speedier degradation. However, there has long been disagreement on their performance. The degradation process has too many variables and depend on a large set of criteria such as temperature. Research by the New Plastics Economy Initiative has concluded that oxo-degradable plastics are simply not suited for effective long-term reuse, recycling.
The statement from the foundation was left in no doubt that this type of plastic is detrimental to our environment “the evidence to date suggests that oxo-degradable plastic packaging goes against two core principles of the circular economy: designing out waste and pollution; and keeping products and materials in high-value use.”
ISWA’s 2014 paper on plastics also pointed out that the excessive and uncontrolled use of additives in manufacturing such plastics is leading to substantial human exposure and environmental dispersion. Oxo-degradable and compostable plastics represent a significant hindrance to recyclability and alternatives must be considered immediately. ISWA therefore fully supports the call from The New Plastics Economy.
The use of plastic in our daily lives is difficult to avoid and offers unparalleled functionality – making its usage impossible to simply eradicate overnight. We need to consider a way of using plastics that does not impede upon our desire for a circular economy. This demands that all actors and stakeholders work together including manufacturers, designers and waste managers. ISWA has put together a series of concise recommendations which, if acted upon, would accelerate attempts to go circular with plastic. One of the key focuses, which is shared passionately by the Ellen MacArthur foundation, is on the design. All actors in the process must play a role in the design process to ensure they are recyclable and reusable.
ISWA therefore agrees with the host of organisations in the call to ban oxo-degradable plastics and calls for better cooperation across the value chain and for the waste management industry to be involved in all parts of the plastic design and manufacturing process.
Winter 2017 Working Group Meetings
Working Group on Healthcare Waste Winter Meeting in Muscat, Oman
From November 20th to November 21st, the Working Group on Healthcare Waste (WGHCW) met in Muscat, Oman for their bi-annual Working Group meeting, hosted by the Oman Environmental Services Holding Company (Be’ah). This marked the first WGHCW meeting in Oman.
On the first day, the Working Group learned about healthcare waste treatment in Oman and Be’ah’s ambitious goal to close all the country’s dumpsites by 2018. The WGHCW also discussed their partnership with the WHO and their on-going Technologies paper, jointly authored by the members of the WGHCW and WHO representatives. The following day, the WGHCW was taken to the Muscat heathcare waste treatment facility and the engineered landfill where the WGHCW members and the Be’ah engineers exchanged ideas and know-how. The meeting concluded with a productive visit to the Be’ah offices.
Working Group on Recycling and Waste Minimisation Meeting in Porto, Portugal
From November 30th to December 1st the Working Group on Recycling and Waste Minimisation held their bi annual meeting in Porto, Portugal, hosted by LIPOR. The Working Group discussed their on-going activities including the Working Group’s Beacon Conferences in the pipeline, and various reports including: the Sorting Plants report, Technical Challenges in Textile Recycling, Paper on Waste Prevention, and Definition of Recycling.
Following the internal meeting, LIPOR and the WGRWM coordinated a seminar entitled “Waste Prevention and Recycling: The Future Challenges for Countries and Companies,” with presentations from WGRWM members: Jeff Cooper on prevention of food waste and its collection, Dr. Henning Friege on the new bio economy, WGRWM Chair Björn Appelqvist on the importance of recycling in the context of circular economy, and Maarten Goorhuis on waste minimization. Over 30 municipal representatives were in attendance for the seminar.
The meeting concluded with site visits to LIPOR’s sorting plant and composting plant facilities.
ISWA Study Tour Collection, Sorting and Recycling
How to set up and finance an appropriate system of waste collection, sorting and resource recovery April 23-27, 2018
The ISWA Study Tour for Collection, Sorting, and Recycling returns again this year to Vienna, Austria. The five day programme of seminars and technical site visits is led by experienced Austrian experts providing a theoretical introduction into the scientific and legal needs, opportunities and implementation of collection, sorting and recycling of commercial and municipal solid waste.
The technical tours showcase different world-leading treatment facilities for diverse materials such as biological waste, glass, different plastics, metals, electrical & electronic equipment and hazardous waste.
Participants will be guided by waste management experts during the whole tour. Michael Merstallinger is a highly experienced scientific and operational expert, who looks forward to lively discussions and exchange on regional practices and prospects for improvement.
The registration fee covers all transfers, catering and accommodation in Vienna and the picturesque Danube valley. Deadline for registration is 4, April 2018
New ISWA Report on Sorting Plants
ISWA and the ISWA Working Group on Waste Minimisation is pleased to announce the finalization of the Sorting Plants Report.
The report is an introduction to waste sorting plants. It describes the framework conditions influencing the sorting plant (economically and technically), their technical configuration, and capabilities that should be considered when setting a planning process in motion. The report aims to spread the knowledge of waste sorting plants and the role they can play in the waste management system. The report was commissioned by the Working Group on Recycling and Waste Minimisation and financed by the ISWA grant. The work was lead by the royal Dutch Waste Association (NVRD) and coordinated by Maarten Goorhuis, Project Lead, Björn Appelqvist, Chair of the WGRWM, Jeff Cooper, and Alexei Atudorei, SEMEM RDN Representative.
Update from the RDN - Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean
It has been a very productive Autumn for the ISWA Regional Development Network: Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean Region (RDN SEMEM)
On November 7 -10, Dr.eng. Alexei Atudorei, ISWA Board Member and RDN Representative lead a team of fifteen delegates from ISWA Romania and ISWA Moldova as guests of Ecomondo, the leading Green Energy and Circular Economy Expo for the Euro Mediterranean area each year in Rimini, Italy with over 116,131 visitors. The delegates visited the exhibition and during the meetings and technical visits (W-t-E plant and anaerobic and composting plant) found new opportunities and business relationships.
Maswa International Conference 2017
The Macedonian Solid Waste Association (MaSWA), ISWA National Member, organized a two-day international conference on "Macedonia Networking in the World's Solid Waste Management Trends" in conjunction with the Ongoing EU - Funded Twinning Project on Waste Management, on November 23-24, in Skopje Macedonia. With a participation of over 170 experts from regional states, the topics in the spotlight were: How to reach the available funds; Public Private Partnership; Specific Waste Streams and Extended Producer Responsibility.
MaSWA joined ISWA in 2014 and has the fastest development in terms of membership. More information: info@ maswa.org
International Waste Manager Certification Programme 2017
In connection with the MaSWA Conference, RDN SEMEM organised a training and certification program for IWM for fifteen experts from Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and UK involved in academic and industry (consulting and design, EPR schemes, recycling, public administration, universities), November 22 - 24 in Skopje, Macedonia.
It is from the first time that ISWA's Register of IWM will included experts from Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia which are members of ISWA National Members. Congratulations to all the participants and welcome!
More information: http://www.iswa.org/programmes/international-waste-manager/
International Landfill Workshop, Turkey, December 2017
After months of planning, an International Landfill Workshop was organized by Turkish National Committee on Solid Waste (TNCWM - ISWA National Member), with the support of ISWA RDN SESEM and the premier waste management company of municipality of Istanbul (ISTAC) on December 4-6, 2017 in Istanbul.
It is the first event organised by TNCWM in Turkey in the last four years and covered: closing open dumps, construction and operation of sanitary landfills, landfill mining as well as wastewater management. Experts from ISWA (Mr. Luis Marinheiro, Mr. Derek Greedy, Mr. Alexei Atudorei and Mr. Ioannis Frantzis) complemented National speakers and a Final Declaration of the International Landfill Workshop was signed by the participants. Click here to download.
More information: www.kakad.org
The 5th International Conference of HSWMA; Greece, December 2017
As we go to press the 5th International Conference of the Hellenic Solid Waste Management Association (HSWMA, ISWA National Member) is underway, on December 14-15, in Athens. In cooperation with the National Technical University of Greece and under the title “Solid Waste Management & its Contribution to Circular Economy” The conference shall focus on new technologies in the field of waste management, National and Regional Management Planning and Financial Tools in the field of waste management, with emphasis
on the practices of Circular Economy.
We hope the event goes well and we look forward to the outcomes!
More information: www.eedsa.gr
Save the Planet 2018: Waste Management and Recycling
And Finally, looking forward to 2018, the ISWA RDN SEMEM will host a booth at the 9th South-East European Conference & Exhibition on Waste Management & Recycling March 27-29, 2018, Sofia, Bulgaria. This is the first time that ISWA will collaborate with the Save the Planet event and we are looking forward to the opportunity to highlight the role of Sustainable Waste Management as an important part of the solution to pollution, urban health and safety as well as the development of the Circular Economy. We hope that we will see many of you at this growing event next March!
New Opportunity: Become a guest author on ISWA's official blog
We are looking for experts, academics and thought leaders, who want to share their knowledge and opinions with ISWA's readership of policy makers, government officials, private and public organizations, as well as professionals in the solid waste management sector.
All published guest articles will be featured on ISWA's official blog, included in the monthly ISWA newsletter as well as disseminated on the official ISWA's social media channels.
We are inviting you to submit an article on one of the focus topics currently on the agenda of ISWA Scientific and Technical Committee:
- Circular economy
- Dumpsites and pollution
- Marine litter
- Global Waste Challenges
Each article should be 500 words long and include relevant visuals with credits/references. Please make sure to include your photo, full name and job title, plus a short bio (up to 70 words).
You can e-mail your submissions to iswa(at)iswa.org with 'ISWA Blog Guest Article' in the subject line.
Call For Abstracts: ISWA World Congress 2018, Kuala Lumpur
The Waste Management Association of Malaysia (WMAM) is pleased to host the International Solid Waste Association World Congress 2018, in the beautiful city of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
The ISWA World Congress 2018 will be held on 22-24 October 2018 at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre in Malysia. The conference will include keynote and plenary sessions by invited speakers, and concurrent sessions with oral and poster presentations by the participants as well as an exhibition area.
The ISWA World Congress 2018 Organising Committee would like to call for abstracts for the congress.
- Open for Abstract Submission: 1 December 2017
- Closing Date for Submissions: 15 January 2018
- Acceptance Notification: March 2018
Themes and Topics covered this year are:
- Energy Recovery and Biological waste
- Hazardous waste and Health care waste
- Collection, Transportation and Recycling
- Climate change and Landfill
- Governance and Communication
- Circular Economy
- Closing Dumpsites and Marine Litter
- Sustainable consumption and waste management in developing countries
- Technological innovation in solid waste management
Deadline for submissions is 15th January.
Learn more about the ISWA World Congress 2018:
Early Bird Registration is open!