Global News

Issue 34, April 2015

News from the President

AP/ Maqbool
AP/ Maqbool

Dear Friends, Colleagues and ISWA Members


This image of an open dumpsite outside of Mumbai was published recently on a website. We've seen them before, haven't we? No surprises.


Yet it hit me hard. It showed that despite all the progress we are making globally in understanding our waste crisis, despite all the investments being made, running at around $100bn this last year, despite the virtuous declarations of, for example, Indian Prime Minister Modi that he wants a "clean India"; well, people are still walking over burning landfills looking to scrape an existence by collecting a few kilos of trash a day.  A horrible picture.


Readers must be tired of me carrying on about waste crises in developing countries rather than philosophising about the "circular economy", the "bio-economy" , resource recovery, energy efficiency, collection schemes and so on. Don't get me wrong, in a developed country these questions drive the debate forward and improve our waste systems enormously.


But meanwhile, the world is being polluted (developed countries too) from the dioxins coming from that burning dump in Mumbai, and elsewhere. All the emission reductions we may achieve in POPs from incinerators in Europe are irrelevant when compared to the emissions we are ingesting from uncontrolled waste burning elsewhere. The Naples case is a European example.


And the Short Lived Climate Pollutants such as black soot, emitted from burning waste, contribute an immense amount to short- term increases in global warming. And let's not forget the damage such dumps are doing to the health of local populations, pollution to water tables, leakages into the rivers and thus the oceans surrounding us.


The message?


At this year's ISWA World Congress UNEP and ISWA will publish the world's first global report on waste. My message to whoever is listening is: shame on us that we will leave a planet to our children and grandchildren irremediably polluted by our waste.  We have to get to grips with it now and that means a massive investment programme in developing countries now, not in ten years time, to ensure 100% collection of waste, controlled disposal and intelligent recycling.


I promise that until September I will not return to the subject. It upsets me too much.


Best wishes
David Newman
President, ISWA

ISWA World Congress 2015, 7-9 September, Antwerp: Registration open

Two of the many interesting keynote speakers: Dambisa Moyo...
Two of the many interesting keynote speakers: Dambisa Moyo...
...and Pierre-Yves Cousteau
...and Pierre-Yves Cousteau

How can global trade, shipment and treatment of waste complement the existing flows of raw materials and products?

How do we deal with waste and materials in densely populated cities?

What is the role of local authorities and world-wide organisations, NGOs, industry and research in the development of new tools and measures?

What is the role of the consumer in this growing economy?

And how can we come up with a world-wide balanced solution for the materials challenge?


If these questions are of interest to you, if you would like to discuss with representatives from UNEP, the World Bank, OECD, the Clinton Foundation etc., join us at the ISWA World Congress 2015, 7-9 September in Antwerp, Belgium!


The ISWA World Congress 2015, as always, will guarantee a balanced mix of internationally renowned keynote speakers, representatives of institutions and agencies worldwide that determine waste and materials policy, interesting insights into the latest scientific and technological developments in the sector, and above all, a lot of opportunities for networking and exchange of experience.


The Congress will once again be the meeting point for the waste industry, attracting professionals from all over the world to discuss advancements, challenges, trends and solutions for the different types of waste.


Register now!


Go visit our new website for the latest details and for registering for the ISWA 2015 World Congress!


We are looking forward to meeting you in September in Antwerp!

First ISWA Beacon Conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

180 participants attended the first ISWA Beacon Conference in Kuala Lumpur
180 participants attended the first ISWA Beacon Conference in Kuala Lumpur
WMAM Chairman and ISWA Board Member, Ho De Leong, welcomed the participants
WMAM Chairman and ISWA Board Member, Ho De Leong, welcomed the participants
Hermann Koller, Managing Director of ISWA
Hermann Koller, Managing Director of ISWA
The Conference Gala Dinner was graced by the Deputy Minister of  Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government of Malaysia, YB Datuk Halimah
The Conference Gala Dinner was graced by the Deputy Minister of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government of Malaysia, YB Datuk Halimah

The Waste Management Association of Malaysia (WMAM), ISWA National Member, hosted the very first ISWA Beacon Conference in Kuala Lumpur at the KL Convention Centre.


The conference themed, Waste to Energy Facilities in Emerging and Developing Economies - Challenges and Options, saw about 180 participants with more than half coming from India, Austria, Nigeria, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Korea, Hong Kong, India, Africa, America and Europe.


Speakers, policy makers and thought leaders from Sweden, Belgium, Singapore, ADB, Korea, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Denmark, France and Malaysia presented interesting findings and shared their experiences in their field of expertise. Among the topics discussed and presented were on communications, dealing with the private and public sector, case studies, financing and key arguments for waste to energy facilities.


The conference was officiated by Hermann Koller, Managing Director of ISWA and Mohd Rosli, Director General of National Solid Waste Management Department (JPSPN).


WMAM Chairman, Ho De Leong, welcomed participants and speakers to the ISWA Beacon Conference said, “I hope that this exchange of ideas and thoughts will birth new strides in ideas and influencing policy. This conference also marks the beginning of many gatherings of likeminded individuals hoping to change nations”.

He also announced that Kuala Lumpur will be hosting the ISWA World Congress in 2018.


Participants were treated to an exhibition during the conference that featured wte technology providers such as SUEZ and CNIM, waste management companies and Solid Waste Management concessionaires that showcased best practices and modern technologies.


A Gala Dinner was also held to honor all delegates and sponsors and was graced by the Deputy Minister of  Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government of Malaysia, YB Datuk Halimah. During dinner, sponsors were presented with an appreciation certificate and plaque while delegates were entertained by local artistes and musicians.


The conference concluded with a site visit to Ayer Hitam, Puchong, a closed landfill with a 2MW from landfill gas  facility which allowed delegates to experience waste management methodologies in Malaysia.


The ISWA Beacon Conference was also supported by the Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government, Solid Waste Corporation (SWCorp), Malaysian Convention & exhibition Bureau (MyCeb) Public Private Partnership Unit (UKAS) under the purview of the Prime Minister’s Department and Traders Hotel, Kuala Lumpur.

ISWA/CCAC City Assessment & Action Plan in Sao Paulo

Official meeting with the Mr. Simão Pedro, Secretary of Services of the City of São Paulo and his staff
Visiting a school with composting education
ISWA providing a seminar on bio-waste management

The Municipal Solid Waste Initiative (MSWI) of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) aims to reduce short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs), mainly methane and black carbon emissions from the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) sector by engaging cities and countries in improving their MSW management system.


ISWA is not only one of the Lead Partners of the Initiative providing professional insights to the CCAC, but also an on-the-ground implementer for the Initiative. The City of Sao Paulo, for example, is one of the two cities that ISWA has been working with under the CCAC MSWI framework since December 2014.


In March 2015 Marco Ricci (ISWA Working Group Chair on Biological Treatment of Waste), and Jiao Tang (Technical Manager of the ISWA General Secretariat) conducted the 2nd visit to the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The result of the three-month assessment of the City’s MSW system was presented and the proposed Action Plan to improve the city’s MSW system in order to reduce SLCPs was extensively discussed with the City and key stakeholders.


ISWA’s National Member in Brazil, Abrelpe, played a crucial role in analysing and coordinating with stakeholder and arranging visits to some small to mid-scale composting plants in the City. The Action Plan focuses on bio-waste diversion and its axillary stimulants such as awareness-raising and capacity building.


ISWA aims to continue working with the City of Sao Paulo under the framework of the CCAC MSWI by providing technical assistance to realise those Actions.

EU-Healthcare Waste Management Project

EU-Healthcare Waste Management Project Milestone: New Framework for Vocational Qualification in Healthcare Waste Management and Treatment

ISWA is one of the 12 project partners for the ‘EU-HCWM Project’, which has the purpose of providing a unified approach to the development of National Occupational Standards and Vocational Educational Training Programmes for Healthcare Waste Management across the EU Member States.


2015 is a big year in the project history with a number of key outputs due for completion in the first half of this year. In addition the partners will all undertake national workshops throughout the first half of 2015 to promote the project outputs.


The first of the major outputs from the project is the development of the qualification framework for the award of Healthcare Waste Management & Treatment. The next step is to develop a series of National Occupational Standards and then an associated set of award units. This process is now well underway with each of the partners contributing to this process. Once completed the project attentions will turn to the development of a series of Power Point based training units to compliment and underpin the new award. 


One of the first major milestones of the project was the development of a qualification framework. This has now been completed after an extensive consultation process with key industry stakeholders from all partner member states. As a result the project has developed a qualification framework reflecting the needs of a modern healthcare waste manager.  The result is a suite of award units which will be developed into pathways to be undertaken by professionals managing healthcare facilities and/or healthcare waste treatment facilities.  


The framework for the new award - Healthcare Waste Management and Treatment – can be accessed on the EU-HCWM project website:


In the coming weeks the project team will complete the National Occupational Standards for each of the unit titles and then create the award units themselves. A series of training modules in PowerPoint format will then be developed to underpin the award. Once those tasks have been completed the next task will be to develop an assessment strategy and assessment plans for each of the units and these will be developed in the format of guidance for award assessors and additionally guidance for candidates undertaking the award.


Please feel free to join the relevant LinkedIn group (EU-HCWM) or go to for more information on the development process.

ISWA Working Groups - Spring Meetings

Landfill Symposium Panelists FLTR: James Law, Vice Chair ISWA Working Group on Landfill; Sahadat Hossain, University of Texas; Luis Marinheiro, Chair of the ISWA Working Group on Landfill; John Skinner, ISWA Board Member; Derek Greedy, Past ISWA WGL Chair; Daniel Dirickx, Managing Director of Hooge Maey Landfill, Belgium; René Møller Rosendal, Danish Waste Association
Landfill Symposium Panelists FLTR: James Law, Vice Chair ISWA Working Group on Landfill; Sahadat Hossain, University of Texas; Luis Marinheiro, Chair of the ISWA Working Group on Landfill; John Skinner, ISWA Board Member; Derek Greedy, Past ISWA WGL Chair; Daniel Dirickx, Managing Director of Hooge Maey Landfill, Belgium; René Møller Rosendal, Danish Waste Association
WGHCW Meeting in Istanbul
WGHCW Meeting in Istanbul
WGHCW Meeting in Istanbul
WGHCW Meeting in Istanbul
WGER Meeting in Vienna
WGER Meeting in Vienna
WGER Meeting in Vienna - inside the Spittelau incinerator
WGER Meeting in Vienna - inside the Spittelau incinerator
WGC Meeting in Lisbon
WGC Meeting in Lisbon

Working Group on Landfill (WGL)

The Working Group of Landfilling met in New Orleans on the 16th of March, during SWANApalooza, a co-located event which also included SWANA's 38th Annual Landfill Gas and Biogas Symposium, and Landfill Symposium. The Members were also invited to organize a plenary session on International Landfill Practices on March 18th, with a focus on the design, construction, regulation and management of landfills globally. The session attracted a large audience and was followed by a stimulating roundtable discussion. ISWA would like to express its sincere thanks towards the panelists, contributing Working Group Members and the event host, Dr. John Skinner, Executive Director and CEO of the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA).


Working Group on Healthcare Waste (WGHCW)

On 14-15th April the ISWA Working Group on Healthcare Waste had its annual Spring meeting in Istanbul, hosted by the Turkish National Committee on Solid Wastes, the country’s National Member. During the first day a packed meeting agenda provided opportunity for exciting and lively discussions for the 23 participants. Two guest speakers from the Istanbul Regional UNDP Hub presented about the greening of the health procurement in Turkey and the regionally on-going Chemicals and Waste projects. The Working Group visited two Istaç Treatment Plants on the second day and Members were invited to a common sightseeing in the historical downtown Istanbul.


Working Group on Energy Recovery (WGER)

The ISWA Working Group on Energy Recovery met for their second meeting of 2015, this time in Vienna, Austria between the 16 and 17 April.  The meeting was exceptionally attended, bringing together 38 Waste to Energy experts and professionals from 21 different countries.

The main focus of the meeting was on Bottom Ash Recovery, with experts from Denmark, Holland and Japan presenting the latest results from Bottom Ash handling in their respective countries. This is part of an exciting new report by the Working Group on the metal recovery and utilisation from Bottom Ash in Waste-to-Energy plants with a focus on a more circular economy.
The group also had some very interesting discussions on the combustion of landfilled mined waste in various countries, with a special presentation from Dr Peter Quicker from Aachen University, Germany.
Following further interesting discussions on the waste situation in Vienna, the group also had the opportunity to visit Wien Energie’s famous Spittelau waste treatment facility. This was a rather unique opportunity for the group to go inside the incinerator following a recent refit of the plant.
The Working Group is working on a number of interesting papers and projects, including a series of technical seminars in Singapore and Brazil. 


Working Group on Communication (WGC)

20 participants (10 WGC members and 10 guests from Portuguese waste management companies) joined the last ISWA Communication Working Group Meeting which took place 26 to 27 March in Lisbon, Portugal. The meeting was hosted and perfectly organised by Ana Loureiro and her team from Valorsul. The working group members decided on a new action plan and enjoyed an inspiring mix of interesting presentations, lively discussions, exchange of experiences, site visits to waste treatment plants around Lisbon, and networking...

Webinar on World Bank's new climate finance model

On 31st March, The World Bank live streamed a webinar for ISWA Members offering an overview of an innovative new climate finance model designed to stimulate investment in projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions while maximizing the impact of public funds, incorporating private sector financing.


74 ISWA Members, including some from the ISWA Board, registered to participate in the webinar in order to find out more about the interesting new model. This offers a further indication of ISWA’s increasing involvement with other renowned international organisations. ISWA’s mission relies on strong partnerships with such international bodies as the World Bank and this shows evidence of our good relationships.


During the webinar, the World Bank’s PAF team provided a brief introduction of the Facility, its first auction, followed by a question and answer session from the participating ISWA members. The session was also recorded and is available on the ISWA website together with two introductory videos prepared by the World Bank, presenting the work of the Pilot Auction Facility and its operating mechanism.


If you were unable to participate in the live webinar, you can still access the recording here. For more information on this, there are two explanatory videos, which can be found here.

ISWA Financing Opportunities Alert

This new ISWA Financing Opportunities Alert (click) is the result of a co-operation between ISWA and Finnovaregio.


The aim of this co-operation is to provide ISWA members with regular information on calls related to waste management projects.



Finnovaregio is the European Foundation for funding of innovation in regions and municipalities. Its main objectives are sustainable development, environment, renewable energy, information technology and tourism.


Finnovaregio offers:

  • acceleration internships in Brussels for technological based start-ups consisting of high performance periods of three months through  optimizing EU tools, EU funds, networking and supporting the internationalization of companies in the BENELUX market supported by BECI (EU Start Up Accelerator)
  • international communication and dissemination of EU projects (NOBEL GRID project)
  • support in legal, financial and commercial issues within the project implementation;
  • support in the creation of new business models;
  • networking and training activities.

New Platinum Member: i2i Events Group, Brazil

ISWA is happy to welcome and present a new Platinum Member!


i2i Events Group delivers world-class exhibitions and large scale events in key sectors including home and gift, fashion, retail, healthcare, energy, environment, education, technology and media. Its portfolio of world-wide events includes Bett, Spring Fair, World Retail Congress, CWIEME, RWM, BVE and Pure London. It prides itself on opening up possibilities for its customers and each year brings more than 250,000 decision makers together to network, source, test, buy and sell brilliant products, services, ideas and solutions. The company is headed up by Mark Shashoua who joined EMAP as Group MD of EMAP Connect in November 2011 and became CEO of i2i Events Group in March 2012. i2i Events Group is powered by Top Right Group, formerly known as Emap International Ltd.


For further information please contact:


Jesus Gomes

Comercial Director

Brazil – São Paulo

Tel: +55 11 3181 2922

Email: jesus.gomes(at)

WM&R Editor’s Pick & Editorial: Open Access

Each month the Editor In Chief of WM&R hand-selects a leading paper from WM&R which is available to download for free. 


The chosen article for March is: 


Optimising waste from electric and electronic equipment collection systems: A comparison of approaches in European countries


authored by Henning Friege, Michael Oberdörfer, and Marko Günther




Editor’s Comment:

This issue of WM&R includes 10 papers by researchers based in 9 countries, on a broad range of important topics, including anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, waste reduction options, and landfilling.  This month’s Editor’s Choice is the first article, about how waste from electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) is collected in five EU countries.


The researchers report how commonly encountered WEEE is collected in each of the case study countries and the structures in place to regulate the collection practices.  As expected, given geographic and social differences in the countries studied, a variety of collection and regulatory practices are in place; however, use of a central storage/recycling yard is part of most systems.  Those seeking to develop WEEE management systems or facilities elsewhere can benefit from the findings of this research.


~ David E Ross, Associate Editor for WM&R 
The Editorial “‘Money doesn’t grow on trees: Municipal solid waste management programmes must be effective, efficient, and affordable written by David E Ross, is available here.

ISWA Profile: Luis Marinheiro (Portugal)

Luis Marinheiro, Chair of the Working Group on Landfill
Luis Marinheiro, Chair of the Working Group on Landfill

Name and current position in ISWA

Luis Marinheiro, Chair of the Working Group on Landfill (WGL).


Company and current position in your company 

I´m a Senior Environmental Engineering Consultant.


What is your background?

I hold an Environmental Engineering Degree (University of Aveiro, Portugal) and a Biological Engineering Master Science (University of Minho, Portugal).

Since 2010 I am the President of the Environmental Engineering College of the Portuguese Association of Engineers.


Did you always work in the waste industry?

I work in both the public and private sectors of the waste management for well over 15 years. I began my professional career as an Environmental Engineer. At beginning I benefited from working in a small company representing international equipment for landfill leachate treatment and landfill gas treatment which gave me the opportunity to be involved with the day to day landfill operational activities. This together with my academic background and my wastewater industry knowledge gave me the experience necessary to become waste treatment project manager in one of Portuguese largest waste management companies. In that role I had operational responsibilities in some urban services (collection, transportation and transfer of solid waste) and in waste treatment and landfill projects, as well as providing technical input to applications for master planning, environmental assessment and site permits. Working as a consultant, advisor, coordinator and technical director, I´ve been manager and coordinator of several projects and contracts to provide services in various environmental areas such as waste management, drainage and wastewater treatment, sustainable construction, environmental impact assessment and environmental management. For several years I also worked in the academia teaching courses regarding waste management, wastewater microbiology, wastewater treatment and environmental management.


Did you ever have a mentor or someone you found inspirational?

My parents are the reason of being what I am and my family is the beacon of my life. There are several men and women that guided me with their values and examples. Some of them are for me simple and amazing human beings. I think that everything started with my primary school teacher and the way she showed me this amazing world and many science achievements. I still believe that we live in a wonderful world!


What would you say is your greatest achievement to date?

It´s not easy to select my best achievement! I think that some successful solutions implemented in some of my working projects and the recognition by third parties of my leadership and the way I give value to human relationship are things that I´m proud of.


Best advice that you ever received?

I think that my beloved father was the author of the best advice I ever received. He taught me that we should always help the most in need without expecting to receive anything in return. This is always in my mind!


When not working, I enjoy...

I enjoy travelling with my family, cooking, reading books and listening classical music. I also play sports (football, karate, swimming, running, etc.).


Why did you decide to become part of ISWA?

Since 2004 I represent APESB, ISWA´s Portuguese National Member, on ISWA's Landfill Working Group, where I am an active member. I strongly believe that ISWA is one of the best world platforms for sharing experiences and knowledge regarding waste management.


When did you become nominated to your current position in ISWA?

I was elected during a working group meeting held in Munich on 8th of May of 2014.


What do you think is the biggest challenge facing the waste industry today?

I think the biggest challenge the industry faces today is the increasing need for sustainability. Sustainability means social, economical and environmental balance.

The waste management hierarchy commonly accepted is not a reality all over the world. There are many middle and low-income countries where waste management is unfortunately not seen as a priority. In those cases selection of non-engineered solutions, due to wrong political decisions, weaknesses on the implementation of environmental legislation and lack of a consistent and multiannual national budget for waste management, are a threat to public health, environment and the waste sector development.

A second growing problem for the waste sector is the proliferation of a parallel economy regarding the management of some of the most valuable materials. In some countries some illegal practices, besides promoting the informal sector, put at high risk some of the investments made by the waste sector, mainly to the downstream collection and recycling companies.


In your opinion, what are the industry’s strengths and weaknesses?

The waste management industry is an important branch of any country economy. It plays an important social role creating green jobs and, in a financial point of view, is generally profitable. Its strength relies on its multiplicity, flexibility and capacity to fast adaptation to new requirements in the downstream chain of value.

However if the industry is not well regulated then sustainability will be deeply compromised.


Where do you see, if any, market opportunities for the waste industry?

The market opportunities for the waste industry are still huge due the diversity of the wastes to be treated and the need to implement sound waste management solutions. Zero waste politics is far from being a reality and waste generation continues. Consumption results on waste production and scarcity of some natural materials will grow the demand of secondary raw materials.

On other hand, innovation and research will continue to be a driving force for the creation of new technologies on waste management.


What do you think the future holds for the waste industry?

I do think that the future of waste industry is challenging and, in some way, circular economy concept will play an important role. Waste industry growth will strongly depend on its capacity to be more resource and energy efficient.
So, LET'S MAKE THE MOST of our resources and waste!

ISWA 3 Months Trial Membership

ISWA 3 Months Trial Membership

The ISWA 3 Months Tiral Membership - the perfect opportunity to become familiar with our Association's work and activities. It's a convenient and easy way to decide if you wish to join ISWA as a regular member. Sign up now!

   News from around the Globe

WORLD: Precious waste - 300 tonnes of gold end up in landfills in 2014

A dangerous amount of toxic waste, 1,000 tonnes of silver and 300 tons of gold were dumped across the world in 2014 due to inadequate recycling - says a recent United Nations University study.


Precious metals are used as components for household appliances and electronic gadgets. Almost 42 million tonnes of such 'e-waste' were simply thrown away in 2014.


The UNU study estimates the potential value of the globally wasted resources at about $50 billion. The volume of gold alone is more than 10 percent of what is mined every year.


Most of the electronic waste comes from the US and China. Combined, they amount for about a third of the enormous pile. But if rated by e-waste per capita, European nations are in the lead, with Norwegians throwing away the most - over 28 kilograms per person. The least waste is generated by African countries, at just 1.7 kilograms per person.



For the full story, please visit RT

EU: Cutting resource use - it's in the design

The EU should make better use of one of the most powerful tools at its disposal if it wants to reduce resource consumption in Europe and bring about a circular economy, according to a new report from the European Environmental Bureau (EEB). The Ecodesign Directive is already delivering substantial energy savings and is allowing consumers to save hundreds of euros on their energy bills each year [1]. Delivering Resource Efficient Products argues that setting requirements on resource use would be politically timely and provide further benefits to both businesses and consumers.



The report Delivering Resource-Efficient Products – how Ecodesign can drive a circular economy in Europe is available for download here.

SCOTLAND: plastic bag usage down 80% since 5p charge introduced

Plastic bag usage in Scotland has plummeted following the introduction of a 5p charge.


Early figures from retailers show that single-use carrier bag usage has fallen by more than 80% since the charge was introduced on 20 October 2014.


The results are in line with the dramatic reduction in plastic bag usage in Wales, which introduced the charge in 2011. It was also brought in by Northern Ireland in 2013 and a drop in usage of nearly 72% was reported the following year.


Meanwhile, official figures showed last year that the use of plastic bags had risen in the UK for the fourth year in a row to 8.3bn. England has yet to introduce the charge, but it is expected to come into force later in the autumn.


The figures were welcomed by environmental campaigners. Helen Bingham, a spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy, said: “This is proof that a bag charge does work and significantly cuts carrier bag use in one fell swoop.”


For the full story, please visit The Guardian

SOUTH ASIA: EU to ban owners from scrapping ships on South Asian beaches

European, Turkish and Chinese recyclers are set to benefit from strict new EU rules on breaking up of old ships, but the practice of dismantling them on beaches in South Asia — at great human and environmental cost — will still be hard to stop.


Of 1,026 ocean-going ships recycled in 2014, 641 were taken apart on beaches in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, according to figures from the NGO Shipbreaking Platform, which campaigns for an end to the hazardous practice.


Tankers, cruise liners and other old vessels are rammed onto beaches and stripped down by hundreds of unskilled workers using simple tools such as blowtorches. Chemicals leak into the ocean when the tide comes in.


There is also a human cost: the Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Mumbai estimates that some 470 workers have died in the past 20 years in accidents in Alang-Sosiya, the world’s largest stretch of ship-breaking beaches, in Gujarat. Some 35,000 mostly migrant and unskilled workers operate there.


For the full story, please visit Reuters

USA: North Dakota approves project to recycle oil drilling waste

North Dakota lawmakers approved a measure to create a pilot project aimed at treating and recycling some of an estimated 1 million tons of oil drilling waste annually for road building and other uses.


Rep. Todd Porter, R-Mandan, said the project is intended to turn "mounds and mounds and piles and piles" of the drilling byproduct into beneficial use.


[...] Companies targeting the rich Bakken shale formation in western North Dakota get soil, rock and other underground matter along with crude oil when they drill down nearly 2 miles then angle the well sideways for another 2 or more miles. Each time an oil well is drilled, companies are left with some two dozen semitrailer loads of drill cuttings — enough to fill an Olympic-size swimming pool — that either have to be stored on site or dumped in a special waste landfill, said Lynn Helms, director of the state Department of Mineral Resources.


For the full story, please visit The Island Packet

VIETNAM: Consortium launches e-waste recycling programme

The Vietnam Recycling Platform on April 6 launched the Vietnam Recycles programme to collect and recycle used, end-of-life and broken electronic equipments in Vietnam for free.


The platform is a consortium established by American technology giants Hewlett-Packard and Apple.


The programme helps manufacturers and customers to follow regulations on collecting and recycling of waste, which were issued by the Prime Minister on August 9, 2013, and took effect from January 1, 2015.


It also aims to raise the responsibilities of manufacturers for collecting and recycling end-of-life electronic products and electrical household appliances.


The electronic waste will be recycled in an environment-friendly way to ensure that maximum resources are collected after the recycling.


For the full story, please visit VietnamNet