External Projects

Developing an EU Standardised Approach to Vocational Educational Training Awards in Healthcare Waste Management

ISWA EU Project Healtchare Waste Management

ISWA is one of a number of partners engaged in an EU funded project under the Life Long Learning program to standardise training in Healthcare Waste across Europe.


The project involves conducting an assessment of the situation re healthcare waste management at nominated hospitals and assessing the current Vocational Educational System in regard to healthcare waste management.


The assessment will form the basis to develop a comparative report to determine the best way forward for an integrated EU approach to setting National Occupational Standards and to develop a standard. A vocational educational programme will be developed to underpin that standard.


Project Leaflet


Project Website


Join the Project LinkedIn Group


Newsletter No. 1, September 2014

Newsletter No. 2, December 2014

Newsletter No. 2, January 2015

Newsletter No. 3, March 2015

Newsletter No. 4, June 2015

Newsletter No. 5, Summer 2015

Newsletter No. 6, February 2016

Newsletter No. 7, June 2016

Newsletter No. 8, October 2016


This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This website reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein


Grant Agreement Ref. No. 2013-4928/001-001


Project Ref. No 541982-LLP-1-2013-1-UK-LEONARDO-LNW

Global Waste Management Outlook (GWMO)

Global Waste Management Outlook Cover

ISWA and UNEP has come to finish a successful cooperation on an ambitious project (2013-2015) to develop the first ever Global Waste Management Outlook. The GWMO aims to be a comprehensive, integrated and scientifically credible publication which provides an authoritative overview, analysis and recommendations for action of policy instruments and financing models for waste management around the world.



To raise the profile of waste management as a priority for action, to protect public health & the environment and achieve sustainable development.



Ambitions of the GWMO

HOLISTIC APPROACH: Waste management within context of sustainable development

WASTE A PRIORITY: Why waste should be a priority – both for decision makers AND the people

SITUATION ANALYSES: Showcase the real progress made as well as remaining challenges

PARADIGM SHIFT IN THINKING: Move upstream – reduce consumption, consider waste management as a resource, improve resource efficiency and create jobs for green growth 

RENEWED FOCUS: Focus on governance, implementation and financial sustainability – technical solutions alone are not enough

COMING TOGETHER: Promote partnerships and inclusive approach


Overall outline of the publication

Executive summary

1) Waste Management as a Political Priority

2) Background, Definitions, Concepts and Indicators

3) Waste Management: Global Status

4) Waste Governance

5) Waste Management Financing

6) Global Waste Management - The Way Forward




Wide consultation with a broad group of stakeholders including decision makers, the world’s leading institutions and experts in waste management has been central to the development of the GWMO.Two sets of e-regional consultations have taken place first for feedback on the structure in early 2014; and second for the first draft in Sep/Oct 2014



The Final Draft of the GWMO has been prepared, following on from the e-regional consultation, with an iterative internal review process involving UNEP, ISWA and the Steering Committee.

The unique document was publicly launched at ISWA World Congress 2015 in Antwerp, Belgium on the 7th September, 2015. You can find the official press release and the links to download the document here.


Editorial team


  • Professor David C Wilson (Editor-in-Chief)
  • Dr. Prasad Modak          
  • Professor Mona Iyer
  • Dr. Ljiljana Rodic            
  • Dr. Costas Velis
  • Dr. Otto Simonett      
  • Ainhoa Carpintero

Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) – City Assessment & Action Plan: Sao Paulo

Meeting with the Sao Paulo City Secretary
Meeting with the Sao Paulo City Secretary

ISWA is a Lead Partner of the CCAC Municipal Solid Waste Initiative (MSWI) and is commissioned by the Initiative to implement this City Assessment and Action Plan Project for the City of Sao Paulo.


This was a first-phase assistance provided to CCAC supported cities which involved undertaking a City Assessment by collecting current and future waste generation data and patterns as well as the current waste management system and gaps therein. The City Assessment also covers a broad range of information to identify the clear linkages of waste and climate change focusing on Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) in the city. The Assessment highlights a list of priority interventions and is accompanied by an Action Plan. In the role as the implementer, ISWA’s experts were undertaking the on-the-ground work, namely to conduct interviews and research for the Assessment and to develop an Action Plan by working closely with the city’s waste management agency AMLURB and other key stakeholders.


Based on the City Assessment and Action Plan, the second-phase assistance (called Work Plan by the CCAC MSWI) will help the city draft work plans as well as help realise already planned projects and conduct capacity building workshops. 


Project length: November 2014 – March 2015

Project Status: Completed



Sao Paulo CCAC City Profile

Sao Paulo CCAC Action Plan


For more information, please contact the project manager Jiao Tang ( 

Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) – City Assessment & Action Plan: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

A second City Assessment & Action Plan in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania was successfully led by ISWA. 


During the assessment of the waste situation in the 4.2 million mega city, ISWA conducted several meetings and site visits to gather information from various important players and observe waste management operations on the ground. The key partner entity of the CCAC Phase I project was the Dar City Council (DCC). Additionally, the assessment and planning involved local authorities, such as the three Municipalities (Temeke, Ilala and Kinondoni), local NGOs and community based organisations (CBOs). After a follow up on the first data collection mission the second trip resulted in finalizing the Action Plan for the city. The Plan reveals the room for improvements and outlines specific actions aiming to develop the city’s current waste management practices. 


Based on the City Assessment and Action Plan, the second-phase assistance will help the city to reduce SLCPs resulting from bad waste management practices through on the ground projects and capacity building.   


Project length: November 2014 – February 2015

Project Status: Completed



Dar es Salaam CCAC City Profile (attached)

Dar es Salaam CCAC Action Plan (attached)


For more information on this project, please contact Kata Tisza (

Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) project in Cali, Colombia

ISWA was awarded the subcontract for the technical assistance project for the “Development of a Mechanical Biological treatment Pilot Project for the Waste Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) in Colombia” by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) under the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN). This first phase of this cooperation is expected to go until March 2016.


The Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) is the operational arm of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technology Mechanism and co-hosted by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and supported by 11 partner institutions with expertise in climate technologies. The mission of the CTCN is to promote accelerated development and transfer of climate technologies at the request of developing countries for energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient development. Requests for Technical Assistance are being submitted to the CTCN by the National Designated Entity (NDE) of the respective country. Eligible requests are processed by a group of selected experts who develop a Response Plan, and this was the case for ISWA that developed a proposal under a restricted competition to accepted Members for the CTCN network.


The objective of this technical assistance by ISWA is to assist the city of Cali, Colombia, to decide upon the deployment of an alternative Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) treatment plant that will contribute to reducing GHG emissions (mainly CH4 from landfills) to net-zero level in the waste sector overall. The main in-country partners are the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development – Climate Change Division; DAGMA - the Departamento Administrativo de Gestion del Medio Ambiente in Cali; as well as the Ministry of Housing, Cities and Territory. Close cooperation will also take place with Academia (Universities); CSOs; and other governmental Institutions.


Within the framework of this technical assistance ISWA will conduct an in-depth evaluation of existing technical studies for a Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) plant, as well as studies related to its operationalization and the integration of the waste pickers working in the informal sector. Based on the initial assessment, further studies will be undertaken to refine the technology to be applied, as well as the business model to be deployed. In this way, it is expected that the CTCN will be able to help prove the technical and financial feasibility of an alternative MSW treatment plant, and put forward a practical business plan for the implementation of such a plant.


The Italian Composting and Biogas Association (C.I.C) is the trusted entity that will be leading the technical work on behalf of ISWA.


The three main outputs of this technical assistance contributing to unlock the power of technology for climate smart solutions will encompass:

  1. The verification of the feasibility of the selected technology (i.e. MBT for the pilot MSW management plant in Cali);
  2. The elaboration of the deployment structures for the selected, alternative MSW management plant for Cali with a particular emphasis on the institutional, commercial and management structures to be put in place and taking into consideration the needs of key stakeholder groups (waste pickers working in the informal sector);
  3. The elaboration of a business model for the selected, alternative MSW management plant, as well as the development of a plan to access financing. For more information please see:

Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) – MSW Knowledge Platform

ISWA Climate and Clean Air Coalition CCAC MSW Knowledge Platform

On behalf of the MSW Initiative of the CCAC, ISWA developed the MSW Knowledge Platform. The CCAC MSW Knowledge Platform is a tool that has been established to promote, share and exchange information and provide outreach resources to support cities and governments to reduce short lived climate pollutants through improving Municipal Solid Waste Management practices.


The Knowledge Platform allows open access to an extensive array of material and resources disseminating existing and new best practice strategies for reducing methane and black carbon emissions across the waste sector.


The platform consists of:


  1. Resources – including an online library covering key documents pertaining to all aspects of MSW management; and a directory of databases connecting the user to complimentary external resources
  2. An Exchange Platform facilitating peer-to-peer exchange, discussion, outreach and capacity building such as access to specialized experts who are available to answer enquiries on MSW management
  3. An opportunity to learn about cities involved in the CCAC MSW Initiative and for new cities to become engaged with the initiative and share the outputs of the CCAC City Projects.


The main or target audience is municipality & governmental representatives responsible for waste management, national governments and participants involved in the MSW initiative. 

Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) – MSW Initiative Webinar Series

ISWA/Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) Webinar Series
ISWA/CCAC Webinars

ISWA has been tasked with developing a series of webinars that cover topics, which align with the objectives and activities of the CCAC MSW Initiative to improve waste management practices aimed at reducing emissions of short lived climate pollutants (SLCPs).


The target audience of the webinars are local government waste officers who are involved in setting policy and delivering services; and policy makers in local and national government. Particularly from Latin America, Asia and Africa.


The following webinars have been developed and streamed:


Organic Waste Management & Treatment Options


Part 1:

Introduction to Organic Waste Management & Treatment Options

Parte 1:

Introducción a la Gestión de Residuos Orgánicos (Biorresiduos) y Opciones de Tratamiento


Part 2:

Overview and Practical implementation of Organics Waste Treatment Options
Parte 2:

Visión general y puesta en práctica de las distintas opciones de tratamiento de residuos orgánicos


Improving Collection Routes and Services


Part 1:

Key Factors for a Successful MSW Collection Service
Parte 1:

Factores clave para una recogida de RSU exitosa


Part 2:

Leading examples of MSW Collection Services around the World

Parte 2:

Ejemplos de servicios de recogida de RSU alrededor del mundo



Transitioning from open dumps to sanitary landfills

Part 1: Closure and Rehabilitation of Open Dumps
13th November 2014 at 10:00 CET
Parte 1: Clausura y recuperación de vertederos
13th November 2014 at 15:00 CET

Part 2: Establishing Sanitary Landfills
14th November 2014 at 10:00 CET

Parte 2: Implantando rellenos sanitarios
14th November 2014 at 15:00 CET

ISWA/UNEP Project: “A Practical Sourcebook on Mercury Storage and Disposal"

ISWA UNEP Source Book Mercury Storage

ISWA was commissioned by UNEP DTIE Chemicals Branch to develop the “Sourcebook” which provides information and empowers  governments to develop environmentally sound strategies for the interim storage and final disposal of mercury.


The “Sourcebook” will increase the knowledge of relevant national and/or regional decision-makers, especially in developing countries and countries with economies in transition, regarding the technical options available for interim storage of mercury other than waste as well as storage and final disposal of mercury designated as waste. Practical support will be provided regarding the selection of storage and disposal options against the background of respective national circumstances.


The initiative will thus contribute towards reducing the adverse effects on human health and the environment from mercury exposure by assisting governments in minimizing releases to the environment from the unsound management and storage of mercury and mercury wastes. It will build capacity at the national level to assist countries in complying with Article 10 on the environmentally sound interim storage of mercury other than waste and Article 11 on the environmentally sound management of mercury waste of the future Minamata Convention.


The projects engages national governments and stakeholders through an extensive questionnaire. In addition, an Expert Group is formed including experts from the governments, industry, academia, NGOs as well as independent experts. The first draft is under preparation based on the information received from national governments and stakeholders. The Expert Group will meet together in the second half of the year 2014 to discuss and revise the draft. The “Sourcebook” is foreseen to be published by the end of 2014.

Hazardous Waste Management Professional Training Course

ISWA UNEP Source Book Mercury Storage

Project:  Professional Training Programme: Course on Hazardous Waste Management


Duration of Course: 31 August - 11 September 2015


Location: Delft, Netherlands | Antwerp, Belgium


Partners: The professional training programme course is jointly organized by the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education; the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA); the United Nations Industrial Development organization (UNIDO); and the Berlin University of Technology, Department for Waste Management.


Project ongoing since: September 2014


Contributors to the course: The experts from the afore listed partnering institutions and those involved in the updating of the ISWA-UNEP-UNIDO Training Resource Pack (TRP+).  Within ISWA the technical work is being led by Mr. Jean-Paul Leglise, the Chair of the Working Group on Hazardous Waste.


Concept: In conjunction with the ISWA World Congress 2015, and based on the materials provided by the TRP+, a course on hazardous waste management (HWM) has been developed by a team of experts from partnering International Institutions, referred to above, to give 26 practitioners from low and middle income countries the opportunity to gain knowledge about current practices and state-of-the-art developments, as well as the organizational and legislative framework to prevent and handle hazardous waste. The course gives practitioners from various world regions the opportunity to share, discuss and develop case studies from their own professional experience. The first part of the course will be held in Delft, Netherlands for five days and then the group will transfer to Antwerp, Belgium to partake in the 2015 ISWA World Congress and thereafter return to Delft for a recap and course closing for one day.


Practitioners will have the opportunity through the participation of this course:

  • To work with and benefit from the knowhow and experience of leading International experts in the field of hazardous waste;
  • Interact in small groups on finding solutions for certain hazardous waste management challenges faced in their respective countries;
  • To partake in and benefit from the ISWA 2015 World Congress as a platform to present the results and findings of the training to an international audience;
  • To build a global network with practitioners working in the field of hazardous waste.


The selection criteria for the course participants was: 

  • To qualify as a practitioner from a low or middle income country by having a background in solid waste management;
  • Possess at least a BSc-degree in science, technology or engineering;
  • To ideally have some practical experience in hazardous waste management.


The course will cover the following subjects:

  1. Fundamentals and environmental impacts of hazardous waste;
  2. Resource efficiency and waste avoidance;
  3. Treatment technologies and management practices for hazardous waste;
  4. Legislative aspects of hazardous waste management, e.g. Basel Convention;
  5. Case studies.


At the end of the course the practitioners are expected to be able to:

  • Characterize the key chemical, environmental and/or toxicological characteristics of the different categories of hazardous wastes, how these are generated and how these may impact upon human and/or ecological health;
  • Be familiar with the safe handling of hazardous wastes;
  • Conceptually design processes able to remove/eliminate the impacts of the hazardous wastes;
  • Propose options to avoid or reduce the generation of the hazardous wastes.


It is envisaged that the partnering institutions further strengthen their cooperation in the future to repeat such a course after doing an internal assessment of the 2015 course.


For further information please refer to the course website:

The Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Global Partnership Waste Management Working Group

ISWA Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS)

ISWA is a partner of The Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) GP which was founded in 2011 to enhance coordination, information exchange, and cooperation among countries and international programs working to advance low emission climate-resilient growth. The LEDS GP currently brings together LEDS leaders and practitioners from more than 120 countries and international institutions through innovative peer learning and collaboration forums and networks. ISWA is the leading organization of the LEDS GP Waste Working Group. The WMWG was launched during the LEDS GP Collaboration in Action workshop that took place in London in March 2012. The WMWG builds on and complements ongoing initiatives and networks supporting low emissions development in the waste sector and plans to facilitate information exchange and collaboration on low emission development activities focused on the waste sector. The WMWG seeks to assist developing countries in successfully designing and implementing low emissions climate-resilient waste management strategies under the LEDS GP, its regional platforms, and working groups.Within the scope of the WMWG ISWA is supporting the development of:


Working Group Webpage


A Webinar Series focused on the role of the waste management sector and its available technologies in climate change mitigation, considering in detail the options to address climate change in the sector and the potential contribution to mitigation action.


Climate Change Mitigation and the Waste Management Sector (Spanish)


Climate Change Mitigation and the Waste Management Sector (English)


NAMAs in the Waste Management Sector (English)


If you are interested in joining the LEDS Waste Working Group, find out more information here.

ISWA/UNEP Project: “BALKAN FLOWERS” - Plastic Packaging Waste Recycling in South East Europe

ISWA UNEP Balkan Flowers

ISWA received funding from UNEP to conduct a study on the theme of plastic packaging waste, titled the “Balkan Flowers”. The title is in reference to the plastic waste, depicted as flowers, which can be found littered across the Balkan region.


The project stemmed from a UNEP initiative to address packaging waste through the promotion of reuse and recycling – with the aim to lead to the creation of jobs, economic return, rural tourism and the reduction of negative environmental impacts in South East Europe.


The project involved two stakeholder workshops and the development of a comprehensive sub-regional report. The stakeholder workshops were held in Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina respectively. The key findings of the study show that all though much work is still needed for significant recycling of plastic packaging waste to take place in South East Europe, some key first steps are underway, especially in Croatia where an extended producer responsibility scheme has been recently established.


The final report of the study is available in the ISWA Knowledge Base.